Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Hand-rearing, growth, and development of common loon (Gavia immer) chicks

August 29, 2014

Common loon chicks were reared in captivity in association with studies to evaluate the effects of radiotransmitter implants and to assess the ecological risk of dietary methylmercury. Here we report on hatching and rearing methods used to successfully raise chicks to 105 days of age. We experienced a 91.5% hatch rate, and 89.6% of loon chicks survived to the end of the study at 105 days. Baseline information on observed rates of fish consumption, behavioral development, and growth patterns are provided. Husbandry techniques are provided that should prove valuable to wildlife rehabilitators caring for abandoned or injured loons, and biologists contemplating methods for restoring loons to areas within their former breeding range.

Publication Year 2014
Title Hand-rearing, growth, and development of common loon (Gavia immer) chicks
DOI 10.1002/zoo.21130
Authors Kevin P. Kenow, Melissa S. Meier, Laurie E. McColl, Randy K. Hines, Jimmy Pichner, Laura Johnson, James E. Lyon, Kellie Kroc Scharold, Michael Meyer
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Zoo Biology
Index ID 70122875
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center