As tributary streams in the Susquehanna River basin leave narrow upland valleys and enter larger valleys floored with permeable stratified glacial drift, they lose water by infiltration through streambeds. The infiltration rate is generally slow near the point of entering a larger valley, but farther downstream it is much faster and is approximately constant per unit distance along a given stream. A conservative average value of infiltration rate in the downstream reach is 10 liters per second per 100 meters of channel. Infiltration from these streams is little influenced by stream width, depth, or temperature and seems to be controlled by permeability distribution beyond the streambed in the alluvium or underlying glacial drift rather than by permeability at the streambed. Hydraulic conductivity of earth materials near each of the streams studied was calculated by applying models that describe steady-state saturated flow into isotropic materials with various boundary conditions. Hydraulic conductivities of 4 to 41 meters per day were obtained; 13 meters per day is suggested as a conservative average value for silty gravel alluvium in the Susquehanna River basin.
|Title||Infiltration from tributary streams in the Susquehanna River basin, New York|
|Authors||Allan D. Randall|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||New York Water Science Center|