Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Investigation of off-site airborne transport of lead from a superfund removal action site using lead isotope ratios and concentrations

January 8, 2014

Lead (Pb) concentration and Pb isotopic composition of surface and subsurface soil samples were used to investigate the potential for off-site air transport of Pb from a former white Pb processing facility to neighboring residential homes in a six block area on Staten Island, NY. Surface and subsurface soil samples collected on the Jewett White Pb site were found to range from 1.122 to 1.138 for 206Pb/207Pb and 2.393 to 2.411 for 208Pb/207Pb. The off-site surface soil samples collected from residential backyards, train trestle, near site grass patches and background areas varied from 1.144 to 1.196 for 206Pb/207Pb and 2.427 to 2.464 for 208Pb/207Pb. Two soil samples collected along Richmond Terrace, where Jewett site soils accumulated after major rain events, varied from 1.136 to 1.147 for 206Pb/207Pb and 2.407 to 2.419 for 208Pb/207Pb. Lead concentration for on-site surface soil samples ranged from 450 to 8000 ug/g, on-site subsurface soil samples ranged from 90,000 to 240,000 ug/g and off-site samples varied from 380 to 3500 ug/g. Lead concentration and isotopic composition for the Staten Island off-site samples were similar to previously published data for other northeastern US cities and reflect re-suspension and re-mobilization of local accumulated Pb. The considerable differences in both the Pb isotopic composition and Pb concentration of on-site and off-site samples resulted in the ability to geochemically trace the transport of particulate Pb. Data in this study indicate minimal off-site surface transport of Pb from the Jewett site into the neighboring residential area.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2014
Title Investigation of off-site airborne transport of lead from a superfund removal action site using lead isotope ratios and concentrations
DOI 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2013.11.004
Authors Michael J. Pribil, Mark A. Maddaloni, Kimberly Staiger, Eric Wilson, Nick Magriples, Mustafa Ali, Dennis Santella
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Applied Geochemistry
Index ID 70044825
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Central Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center