Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Largest recent impact craters on Mars: Orbital imaging and surface seismic co-investigation

October 27, 2022

Two 130+ meter diameter impact craters formed on Mars during the later half of 2021. These are the two largest fresh impact craters discovered by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter since operations started 16 years ago. The impacts created two of the largest seismic events (magnitudes greater than 4) recorded by InSight during its three year mission. The combination of orbital imagery and seismic ground motion enables the investigation of subsurface and atmospheric energy partitioning of the impact process on a planet with a thin atmosphere and the first direct test of Martian deep-interior seismic models with known event distances.The impact at 35°N excavated blocks of water ice, which is the lowest latitude ice has been directly observed on Mars.

Publication Year 2022
Title Largest recent impact craters on Mars: Orbital imaging and surface seismic co-investigation
DOI 10.1126/science.abq7704
Authors Lilia Posiolova, P Lognonne, W B Banerdt, John Clinton, Gareth S Collins, Taichi Kawamura, S Ceylan, Ingrid J. Daubar, B Fernando, M Froment, D Giardini, Michael C. Malin, Katarina Miljkovic, Simon C Stahler, Z. Xue, Maria E Banks, E Beucler, Bruce A Cantor, C. Charalambous, N Dahmen, Paul W. Davis, Cesar M. Duran, M. Drilleau, Colin M. Dundas, F Euchner, R F Garcia, Matthew P. Golombek, Anna Horleston, C Keegan, Abdul S. Khan, D. Kim, C Larmat, Ralph D. Lorenz, L Margerin, S Menina, Mark Panning, C Pardo, C Perrin, W T Pike, M Plasman, A Rajsic, Lucie Rolland, E Rougier, Gunnar Speth, Aymeric Spiga, Alexander E. Stott, David Susko, N Teanby, A Valeh, A. Werynski, N Wojcicka, G Zenhausern
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Science
Index ID 70249889
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Astrogeology Science Center