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Marine fog: a review

February 4, 2014

The objective of this review is to discuss physical processes over a wide range of spatial scales that govern the formation, evolution, and dissipation of marine fog. We consider marine fog as the collective combination of fog over the open sea along with coastal sea fog and coastal land fog. The review includes a history of sea fog research, field programs, forecasting methods, and detection of sea fog via satellite observations where similarity in radiative properties of fog top and the underlying sea induce further complexity. The main thrust of the study is to provide insight into causality of fog including its initiation, maintenance, and destruction. The interplay between the various physical processes behind the several stages of marine fog is among the most challenging aspects of the problem. An effort is made to identify this interplay between processes that include the microphysics of fog formation and maintenance, the influence of large-scale circulation and precipitation/clouds, radiation, turbulence (air-sea interaction), and advection. The environmental impact of marine fog is also addressed. The study concludes with an assessment of our current knowledge of the phenomenon, our principal areas of ignorance, and future lines of research that hold promise for advances in our understanding.

Publication Year 2014
Title Marine fog: a review
DOI 10.1016/j.atmosres.2013.12.012
Authors Darko Koračin, Clive E. Dorman, John M. Lewis, James G. Hudson, Eric M. Wilcox, Alicia Torregrosa
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Atmospheric Research
Index ID 70074788
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Western Geographic Science Center