Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Non-anthropogenic diet-based oiling of predatory birds

March 1, 2018

Oiling of wildlife can have important consequences to individual animals and populations (Kingston 2002). Individual birds that are heavily oiled lose their ability to fly and may become ill or die from hypothermia, starvation, exhaustion, or drowning (Clark 1984, Rocke 1999). For example, large-scale oiling from the Exxon Valdez spill caused local declines in populations of many avian taxa (Irons et al. 2000). Although most oiling reports involve marine wildlife exposed to oil leaked from vessels or oil rigs, oiling also can occur in terrestrial environments, for example, via birds drinking water in puddles on asphalt roadways (Clark and Gorney 1987) or landing in oil field wastewater disposal facilities (Trail 2006, Ramírez 2010).

Citation Information

Publication Year 2019
Title Non-anthropogenic diet-based oiling of predatory birds
DOI 10.3356/JRR-17-23.1
Authors Todd E. Katzner, Daniel Driscoll, Ronald E. Jackman, Peter Bloom, Scott Thomas, Jeff Cooper, Stephen J. Livingstone, Teryl Grubb, Jacqueline M. Doyle, Douglas A. Bell, Joseph Didonato, J. Andrew DeWoody
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Raptor Research
Series Number
Index ID 70203968
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

Related Content