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Progress in protecting air travel from volcanic ash clouds

December 21, 2021

The Eyjafjallajökull eruption of 2010 demonstrated the far-reaching impact of ash clouds and the vulnerability of our jet-based society to them, prompting a review of procedures to detect, warn, and forecast ash cloud hazards to aviation. The years since 2010 have seen marked improvements in satellite technology, more accurate ash-dispersion models that integrate simulations with observations, and more thoroughly vetted and harmonized procedures for forecasting and communicating hazards. In the coming decade, we expect these trends to continue, with formal warning products migrating from text and simplified maps to 4D data streams. This paper details some of these advancements and challenges ahead.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2022
Title Progress in protecting air travel from volcanic ash clouds
DOI 10.1007/s00445-021-01511-x
Authors Larry G. Mastin, Michael J. Pavolonis, Samantha Engwell, Rory Clarkson, Claire Witham, Greg Brock, Ian Lisk, Marianne C. Guffanti, Andrew C. Tupper, David Schneider, Frances Beckett, Thomas J. Casadevall, Graham Rennie
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Bulletin of Volcanology
Index ID 70228745
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Volcano Science Center; Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center