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Raptors and aircraft

January 1, 1988

Less than 5% of all bird strikes of aircraft are by raptor species, but damage to airframe structure or jet engine dysfunction are likely consequences. Beneficial aircraft-raptor interactions include the use of raptor species to frighten unwanted birds from airport areas and the use of aircraft to census raptor species. Many interactions, however, modify the raptor?s immediate behavior and some may decrease reproduction of sensitive species. Raptors may respond to aircraft stimuli by exhibiting alarm, increased heart rate, flushing or fleeing and occasionally by directly attacking intruding aircraft. To date, most studies reveal that raptor responses to aircraft are brief and do not limit reproduction; however, additional study is needed.

Publication Year 1988
Title Raptors and aircraft
Authors D.G. Smith, D. H. Ellis, T.H. Johnson
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Series Number 11
Index ID 5211245
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center