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Satellite remotely-sensed land surface parameters and their climatic effects for three metropolitan regions

January 1, 2008

By using both high-resolution orthoimagery and medium-resolution Landsat satellite imagery with other geospatial information, several land surface parameters including impervious surfaces and land surface temperatures for three geographically distinct urban areas in the United States – Seattle, Washington, Tampa Bay, Florida, and Las Vegas, Nevada, are obtained. Percent impervious surface is used to quantitatively define the spatial extent and development density of urban land use. Land surface temperatures were retrieved by using a single band algorithm that processes both thermal infrared satellite data and total atmospheric water vapor content. Land surface temperatures were analyzed for different land use and land cover categories in the three regions. The heterogeneity of urban land surface and associated spatial extents were shown to influence surface thermal conditions because of the removal of vegetative cover, the introduction of non-transpiring surfaces, and the reduction in evaporation over urban impervious surfaces. Fifty years of in situ climate data were integrated to assess regional climatic conditions. The spatial structure of surface heating influenced by landscape characteristics has a profound influence on regional climate conditions, especially through urban heat island effects.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2008
Title Satellite remotely-sensed land surface parameters and their climatic effects for three metropolitan regions
DOI 10.1016/j.asr.2007.11.004
Authors George Xian
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Advances in Space Research
Series Number
Index ID 70033424
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center