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Spatial patterns and drivers of nonperennial flow regimes in the contiguous United States

December 14, 2020

Over half of global rivers and streams lack perennial flow, and understanding the distribution and drivers of their flow regimes is critical for understanding their hydrologic, biogeochemical, and ecological functions. We analyzed nonperennial flow regimes using 540 U.S. Geological Survey watersheds across the contiguous United States from 1979 to 2018. Multivariate analyses revealed regional differences in no-flow fraction, date of first no flow, and duration of the dry-down period, with further divergence between natural and human-altered watersheds. Aridity was a primary driver of no-flow metrics at the continental scale, while unique combinations of climatic, physiographic and anthropogenic drivers emerged at regional scales. Dry-down duration showed stronger associations with nonclimate drivers compared to no-flow fraction and timing. Although the sparse distribution of nonperennial gages limits our understanding of such streams, the watersheds examined here suggest the important role of aridity and land cover change in modulating future stream drying.

Publication Year 2021
Title Spatial patterns and drivers of nonperennial flow regimes in the contiguous United States
DOI 10.1029/2020GL090794
Authors John C. Hammond, Margaret Zimmer, Margaret Shanafield, Kendra E. Kaiser, Sarah E Godsey, Meryl C. Mims, Samuel Zipper, Ryan Burrow, Stephanie K. Kampf, Walter Dodds, C. Nathan Jones, Corey Krabbenhoft, Kate Boersma, Thibault Datry, Julian D. Olden, George H. Allen, Adam N. Price, Katie H. Costigan, Rebecca Hale, Adam S Ward, Daniel Allen
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geophysical Research Letters
Index ID 70223853
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Maryland-Delaware-District of Columbia Water Science Center