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Spatially explicit modeling to evaluate regional stream water quality

January 1, 2014

Spatially referenced regressions on watershed attributes (SPARROW) models have been developed and applied over the past two decades to address the need for large-scale, spatially explicit information on stream water quality conditions. The strength of SPARROW models is that they describe the primary environmental processes that affect the supply and transport of contaminant mass in watersheds, based on the use of stream monitoring and geospatial data to statistically estimate model parameters. SPARROW models were first applied at the scale of the conterminous US, but their use has grown through applications in many smaller regions of the US and in other countries. Recent developments include a web-based decision support system that provides open access to model results without the assistance of technical experts or special software. As it is highlighted in this chapter, SPARROW modeling provides a flexible framework for studying many aspects of water quality to support both research and resource management objectives.

Publication Year 2014
Title Spatially explicit modeling to evaluate regional stream water quality
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-382182-9.00013-X
Authors Stephen D. Preston, Richard B. Alexander, Gregory Schwarz, Richard A. Smith
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 70201991
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Maryland Water Science Center