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Survival of postfledging female American black ducks

January 1, 1991

We equipped 106 hatching-year (HY), female, black ducks (Anas rubripes) with transmitters during 1985-87 and monitored survival from late August to mid-December on a lightly hunted area on the Maine-New Brunswick border. The 1985-87 estimate of survival (hunting losses included) was 0.593, and when losses from hunting were censored it was 0.694. Survival in August-September was 0.987; by 31 October survival declined to 0.885, and by 30 November it was 0.718. Most nonhunting mortality was caused by predators (21/41, 53.2%); there were 14 deaths (34.1%) from mammals or unknown predators and 7 (17.1%) from raptors. Hunting caused 13 (31. 7%) deaths. Ducks with lowest mass had the lowest survival. The estimate of survival for postfledging female black ducks, when multiplied with interval survival rates for hunting, winter, and breeding periods, produced an annual survival estimate of 0.262, about 12% lower than that (0.38) based on analysis of banding data.

Publication Year 1991
Title Survival of postfledging female American black ducks
Authors J. R. Longcore, D.G. McAuley, C. Frazer
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Wildlife Management
Index ID 5223015
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center