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The use of kestrels in toxicology

January 1, 1987

Various species of kestrels have become important bioindicators of environmental quality and test species for comparative toxicology in captivity. At least 7 species of kestrels have been used to document the presence of environmental contamination primarily organochlorines and metals, in at least 15 countries. Captive kestrels have been used in studies involving a wide variety of environmental contaminants and toxicants examining: bioaccumulation; lethal toxicity using acute, chronic, and secondary exposures; effects on reproduction, eggshell thickness, and related enzyme systems; and effects on a wide variety of physiological and biochemical parameters. Field studies have examined the response of kestrels to exposure to insecticides. Kestrels should continue to play a vital role as a bioindicator and raptorial 'white mouse', especially because of their relationship to other falconiformes, several of which have been shown to be extremely sensitive to environmental changes.

Publication Year 1987
Title The use of kestrels in toxicology
Authors Stanley N. Wiemeyer, J.L. Lincer
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 5210005
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center