Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Virome of bat guano from nine northern California roosts

October 28, 2020

Bats are hosts to a large variety of viruses, including many capable of cross species transmissions to other mammals or humans. We characterized the virome in guano from five common bat species in 9 Northern California roosts and a pool of 5 individual bats. Genomes belonging to 14 viral families known to infect mammals and 17 viral families infecting insects or of unknown tropism were detected. Near or complete genomes of a novel parvovirus, astrovirus, nodavirus, CRESS-DNA viruses and densoviruses and more partial genomes of a novel alphacoronavirus, and bunyavirus were characterized. Lower numbers of reads with >90% amino acid identity to previously described calicivirus, circovirus, adenoviruses, hepatovirus, bocaparvoviruses, and polyomavirus in other bat species were also found likely reflecting their wide distribution among different bats. Unexpectedly a few sequence reads of canine parvovirus 2 and the recently described mouse kidney parvovirus were also detected and their presence confirmed by PCR possibly originating from guano contamination by carnivores and rodents. The majority of eukaryotic viral reads were highly divergent indicating that numerous viruses still remain to be characterized even from such a heavily investigated order as Chiroptera.

Publication Year 2020
Title Virome of bat guano from nine northern California roosts
DOI 10.1128/JVI.01713-20
Authors Yanpeng Li, Eda Altan, Gabriel Reyes, Brian J. Halstead, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Virology
Index ID 70216661
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Western Ecological Research Center