Cecily J Wolfe


Cecily Wolfe is a geophycist who serves as Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) Coordinator and Associate Coordinator for Earthquake Hazards, Global Seismographic Network, and Geomagnetism Programs.  She joined the USGS in 2012; before that, she was a professor at the University of Hawaii at Manoa (2000-2012), a scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1997-2000), and a postdoctoral fellow at the Carnegie Institution of Washington (1994-1996).



Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program, 1994

B.A., Brown University, 1986


Scientific Publications

Wolfe, C. J., and M. K. McNutt, Compensation of Cretaceous seamounts of the Darwin Rise, northwest Pacific ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 2363-2374, 1991.

Filmer, P. E., M. K. McNutt, and C. J. Wolfe, Elastic thickness of the lithosphere in the Marquesas and Society islands, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 19,565-19,577, 1993.

Winterer, E. L., R. A. Duncan, M. K. McNutt, J. H. Natland, I. P. Silva, W. W. Sager, W. V. Sliter, R. V. Waasbergen, and C. J. Wolfe, Cretaceous guyots in the northwest Pacific:  an overview of their geology and geophysics, Geophysical Monograph, 77, 307-334, 1993.

Wolfe, C. J., E. A. Bergman, and S. C. Solomon, Oceanic transform earthquakes with unusual mechanisms or locations:  relation to fault geometry and state of stress in the adjacent lithosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 16,187-16,211, 1993.

Wolfe, C. J., M. K. McNutt, and R. S. Detrick, The Marquesas archipelagic apron:  seismic stratigraphy and implications for volcano growth, mass wasting, and crustal underplating, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 13,591-13,608, 1994.

Wolfe, C. J., G. M. Purdy, D. R. Toomey, and S. C. Solomon, Microearthquake characteristics and crustal velocity structure at 29°N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge:  The architecture of a slow-spreading segment, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 24,449-24,472, 1995.

Bjarnason, I. Th., C. J. Wolfe, and S. C. Solomon, Initial results from the ICEMELT experiment:  Body-wave delay times and shear-wave splitting across Iceland, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 459-462 1996; correction, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 903, 1996.

Wolfe, C. J., I. Th. Bjarnason, J. C. VanDecar, and S. C. Solomon, Seismic structure of the Iceland mantle plume, Nature, 385, 245-247, 1997.

Shen, Y., S. C. Solomon, I. Th. Bjarnason, and C. J. Wolfe, Seismic evidence for a lower mantle origin of the Iceland plume, Nature, 395, 62-65, 1998.

The MELT Seismic Team, Imaging the deep structure beneath a mid-ocean ridge:  Overview of the seismological component of the MELT experiment, Science, 280, 1215-1218, 1998.

Wolfe, C. J., and S. C. Solomon, Shear-wave splitting and implications for mantle flow beneath the MELT region of the East Pacific Rise, Science, 280, 1230-1232, 1998.

Wolfe, C. J., and P. G. Silver, Seismic anisotropy of oceanic upper mantle:  Shear-wave splitting methodologies and observations, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 749-771, 1998; correction, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 2791, 1998.

Wolfe, C. J., and F. L. Vernon, Shear-wave splitting at central Tien Shan:  Evidence for rapid variation of anisotropic patterns, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1217-1220, 1998.

Ito, G., Y. Shen, G. Hirth, and C. J. Wolfe, Mantle flow, melting, and dehydration of the Iceland mantle plume, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 165, 81-96, 1999.

Wolfe, C. J., Mid-ocean ridge structures, in McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 257-259, 1999.

Wolfe, C. J., Numbers of women faculty in the geosciences increasing, but slowly, Eos Trans. AGU, 80, 133, 136, 1999.

Wolfe, C. J., F. L. Vernon, and A. Al-Amri, Shear-wave splitting across western Saudi Arabia:  The pattern of upper mantle anisotropy at a Proterozoic shield, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 779-782, 1999.

Wolfe, C. J., On the mathematics of using difference operators to relocate earthquakes, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 92, 2879-2892, 2002.

Wolfe, C. J., I. Th. Bjarnason, J. C. VanDecar, and S. C. Solomon, Assessing the depth resolution of tomographic models of upper mantle structure beneath Iceland, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 10.1029/20001GL013657, 2002.

Wolfe, C. J., S. C. Solomon, P. G. Silver, R. M Russo, and J. C. VanDecar, Inversion of body wave delay times for mantle structure beneath the Hawaiian islands:  Results from the PELENET experiment, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 198, 128-145, 2002.

Shen, Y., C. J. Wolfe, and S. C. Solomon, Seismological evidence for a mid-mantle discontinuity beneath Hawaii and Iceland, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 214, 143-151, 2003.

Wolfe, C. J., P. G. Okubo, and P. M. Shearer, Mantle fault zone beneath Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, Science, 300, 478-480, 2003.

Wolfe, C. J., P. G. Okubo, G. Ekström, M. Nettles, and P. M. Shearer, Characteristics of deep (> 13 km) Hawaiian earthquakes and Hawaiian earthquakes west of 155.55°W, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., 5, 10.1029/2003GC000618, 2004.

Wolfe, C. J., I. S. Kohane, A. J. Butte, Systematic survey reveals general applicability of “guilt-by-association” within gene coexpression networks, BMC Bioinformatics, 6:227, 2005. 

Brooks, B., J. H. Foster, M. Bevis, L. N. Frazer, C. J. Wolfe, M. Behn, Periodic slow earthquakes on the flank of Kilauea volcano, Hawai’i, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 246, 207-216, 2006.

Brownstein, J. S., C. J. Wolfe, and K. D. Mandl, Empirical evidence for the effect of airline travel on inter-regional influenza spread in the United States, PLoS Medicine, 3, e401, 2006.

Wolfe, C. J., On the properties of predominant period estimators in earthquake early warning, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 96, 1961-1965, 2006.

Pritchard, M. E. A. M. Rubin, and C. J. Wolfe, Do flexural stresses explain the mantle fault zone beneath Kilauea volcano?, Geophys. J. Int., 168, 419-430, 2007.

Wolfe, C. J., B. A. Brooks, J. S. Foster, and P. G. Okubo, Microearthquake streaks and seismicity triggered by slow earthquakes on the mobile south flank of Kilauea, Hawaii, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2007GL031625, 2007.

Brooks, B. A., J. Foster, D. Sandwell, C. J. Wolfe, P. Okubo, M. Poland, and D. Myer, Magmatically triggered slow-slip at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, Science, 321, 1177, 2008.

Okubo, P. G., and C. J. Wolfe, Swarms of similar long-period earthquakes in the mantle beneath Mauna Loa Volcano, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.09.007, 2008.

Laske, G., J. A. Collins, C. J. Wolfe, S. C. Solomon, R. S. Detrick, J. A. Orcutt, D. Bercovici, and E. H. Hauri, Probing the Hawaiian hotspot with new broadband ocean bottom instruments, Eos, 90, 362-363, 2009.

Wolfe, C. J., S. C. Solomon, G. Laske, J. A. Collins, R. S. Detrick, J. A. Orcutt, D. Bercovici, and E. H. Hauri, Mantle shear-wave velocity structure beneath the Hawaiian hotspot, Science, 326, 1388-1390, 2009.

Leahy, G. M., J. A. Collins, C. J. Wolfe, G. Laske, and S. C. Solomon, Magmatic underplating of the Hawaiian swell, Geophys. J. Int., 183, 313-329, 2010.

Syracuse, E. M., C. H. Thurber, C. J. Wolfe, P. G. Okubo, J. H. Foster, and B. A. Brooks, High-resolution locations of triggered earthquakes and tomographic imaging of Kilauea Volcano’s south flank, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B10310, doi:10.1029/2010JB007554, 2010.

Yamada, T., P. G. Okubo, and C. J. Wolfe, The 2006 Kiholo Bay, Hawaii, earthquake sequence:  Relationship of the main shock slip with the locations and source parameters of aftershocks, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B08304, doi:10.1029/2009JB006657, 2010.

Anchieta, M. C., C. J. Wolfe, G. L. Pavlis, F. L. Vernon, J. A. Eakins, S. C. Solomon, G. Laske, and J. A. Collins, Seismicity around the Hawaiian Islands recorded by the PLUME land and ocean-bottom seismometer networks: Insight into faulting near Maui, Molokai, and Oahu, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 101, 1742-1758, 2011.

Casas, E., J. Kim, A. Bendesky, L. Ohno-Machado, C. J. Wolfe, J. Yang, Slug is an essential mediator of Twist1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis, Cancer Research, 71, 245-254, 2011.

Laske, G., A. Markee, J. A. Orcutt, C. J. Wolfe, J. A. Collins, S. C. Solomon, R. S. Detrick, D. Bercovici, and E. H. Hauri, Asymmetric shallow mantle structure beneath the Hawaiian Swell – Evidence from Rayleigh waves recorded by the PLUME network, Geophys. J. Int., 187, 1725-1742, 2011.

Wolfe, C. J., S. C. Solomon, G. Laske, J. A. Collins, R. S. Detrick, J. A. Orcutt, D. Bercovici, and E. H. Hauri, Mantle P-wave velocity structure beneath the Hawaiian hotspot, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 303, 267-280, 2011.

Collins, J. A., C. J. Wolfe, and G. Laske, Shear-wave splitting at the Hawaiian hotspot from the PLUME land and ocean bottom seismometer deployments, Geochem. Geophys. Geosys., 13, doi:10.1029/2011GC003881, 2012.

Gonnermann, H. M., J. H. Foster, M. Poland, B. Brooks, C. J. Wolfe, and A. Miklius, Dynamic coupling between Mauna Loa and Kilauea volcanoes, Nature Geosci., 5, 826-829, 2012.

Klawonn, M., C. J. Wolfe, L. N. Frazer, and B. F. Houghton, New inversion approach to constrain plume sedimentation from tephra deposit data:  Application to the 17 June 1996 eruption of Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi:10.1029/2011JB008767, 2012.

Ballmer, M. D., G. Ito, C. J. Wolfe, and S. C. Solomon, Double layering of a thermochemical plume in the upper mantle beneath Hawaii, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 376, 155-164, 2013.

Ballmer, S., C. J. Wolfe, P. G. Okubo, M. M. Haney, and C. H. Thurber, Ambient seismic noise interferometry in Hawaii reveals long-range observability of volcanic tremor, Geophys. J. Int., doi:10.1093/gji/ggt112, 2013.

Matoza, R. S., P. M. Shearer, G. Lin, C. J. Wolfe, and P. G. Okubo, Systematic relocation of seismicity on Hawaii Island from 1992 to 2009 using waveform cross-correlation and cluster analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 2275-2288, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50189, 2013.

Montgomery-Brown, E. K., C. H. Thurber, C. J. Wolfe, and P. Okubo, Slow slip and tremor search at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, Geochem., Geophys., Geosyst., 14, doi:10.1002/ggge.20044, 2013.

Haeussler, P., W. Leith, D. Wald, J. Filson, C. Wolfe, and D. Applegate, Geophysical advances triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska earthquake, Eos Trans. AGU, 95, 141-142, doi:10.1002/2014EO170001, 2014.

Ito, G., R. Dunn, A. Li, A. Gallego, Y. Fu, and C. Wolfe, Seismic anisotropy and shear-wave splitting associated with mantle plume-plate interaction, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/2013JB010735, 2014.

Klawonn, M., L. N. Frazer, C. J. Wolfe, and B. F. Houghton, Constraining particle-size dependent plume sedimentation from the 17 June 1996 eruption of Ruapehu volcano, using geophysical inversions, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1749-1763, doi:10.1002/2013JB010387, 2014.

Klawonn, M., B. F. Houghton, D. A. Swanson, S. F. Fagents, P. Wessel, and C. J. Wolfe, Constraining explosive volcanism: Subjective choices during estimates of eruption magnitude and intensity, Bull. Volcanol., 76, doi:10.1007/s00445-013-0793-3, 2014.

Klawonn, B., B. F. Houghton, D. A. Swanson, S. A. Fagents, P. Wessel, and C. J. Wolfe, From field data to volumes:  Constraining uncertainties in pyroclastic eruption parameters, Bull. Volcanol., 76, doi:10.1007/s00445-014-0839-1, 2014.


Book Reviews and Commentaries

Wolfe, C. J., Prospecting for hot spots, Nature  (News and Views), 396, 212-213, 1998.

Wolfe, C., Depth charge (review of book about the oceanographer Marie Tharp), Nature, 487, 167, 2012.