Kyle R Anderson


I am a research geophysicist for the U.S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park, California. Previously, I was a Mendenhall Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. Much of my work is focused on understanding volcanic systems using a combination of physics-based (multiphysical) volcano models and Bayesian statistics. The models I develop relate magma physics with diverse types of observations including ground deformation, eruption rate, and gas emissions. Performing Bayesian inverse analysis using these models together with data from real volcanoes, I probabilistically constrain properties of volcanic systems such as the composition and volume of stored magma. This approach can also be used in some cases to forecast future eruptive activity.



PhD: Geophysics, Stanford University (2012)

MS: Geophysics, Stanford University

BA: Geology-Physics, Whitman College



Patrick, M., T. Orr, K. Anderson, and D. Swanson (2019), Eruptions in sync: Improved constraints on Kīlauea Volcano's hydraulic connection, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 507, pp. 50-61, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2018.11.030 [link]

C. A. Neal, S.R. Brantley, L. Antolik, J. Babb, M. Burgess, K. Calles, M. Cappos, J. C. Chang, S. Conway, L. Desmither, P. Dotray, T. Elias, P. Fukunaga, S. Fuke, I. A. Johanson, K. Kamibayashi, J. Kauahikaua, R. L. Lee, S. Pekalib, A. Miklius, W. Million, C. J. Moniz, P. A. Nadeau, P. Okubo, C. Parcheta, M. P. Patrick, B. Shiro, D. A. Swanson, W. Tollett, F. Trusdell, E. F. Younger, M. H. Zoeller, E. K. Montgomery-Brown, K. R. Anderson, M. P. Poland, J. Ball, J. Bard, M. Coombs, H. R. Dietterich, C. Kern, W. A. Thelen, P. F. Cervelli, T. Orr, B. F. Houghton, C. Gansecki, R. Hazlett, P. Lundgren, A. K. Diefenbach, A. H. Lerner, G. Waite, P. Kelly, L. Clor, C. Werner, K. Mulliken, G. Fisher (2018), The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kīlauea Volcano, Science, doi:10.1126/science.aav7046 [link]

Arnold, D. W. D., J. Biggs, K. Anderson, S. Vallejo Vargas, G. Wadge, S. K. Ebmeier, M. F. Naranjo, and P. Mothes (2017), Decaying lava extrusion rate at El Reventador Volcano, Ecuador measured using high-resolution satellite radar, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, pp. 9966-9988, doi:10.1002/2017JB014580 [link]

Wong, Y-Q., P. Segall, A. Bradley, and K. R. Anderson (2017), Constraining the magmatic system at Mount St. Helens (2004-2008) using Bayesian inversion with physics-based models including gas escape and crystallization, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122 (10), pp. 7789–7812,  doi:10.1002/2017JB014343 [link]

Anderson, K. R., and M. P. Poland (2017), Abundant carbon in the mantle beneath Hawai`i, Nature Geoscience, 10 (9), pp. 704-708, doi: 10.1038/NGEO3007 [link]

Anderson, K. R., and M. P. Poland (2016), Bayesian estimation of magma supply, storage, and eruption rates using a multiphysical volcano model: Kīlauea Volcano, 2000-2012, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 447, pp. 161-171, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.04.029 [link]

Poland, M. P., T. R. Orr, J. P. Kauahikaua, S. R. Brantley, J. L. Babb, M. R. Patrick, C. A. Neal, K. R. Anderson, et al. (2016), The 2014-2015 Pāhoa lava flow crisis at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Disaster avoided and lessons learned, GSA Today, 26 (2), pp. 4-10, doi:10.1130/GSATG262A.1 [link]

Dzurisin, D., S. C. Moran, M. Lisowski, S. P. Schilling, K. R. Anderson, and C. Werner (2015), The 2004-2008 dome-building eruption at Mount St. Helens, Washington: Epilogue, Bulletin of Volcanology, 77 (10), pp. 77-89, doi:10.1007/s00445-015-0973-4 [link]

Patrick, M. R., K. R. Anderson, M. P. Poland, T. R. Orr and D. A. Swanson (2015), Lava lake level as a gauge of magma reservoir pressure and eruptive hazard, Geology, vol. 43, pp. 831-834, doi:10.1130/G36896 [link]

Anderson, K. R., M. P. Poland, J. H. Johnson, and A. Miklius (2015), Episodic deflation-inflation events at Kīlauea Volcano and implications for the shallow magma system, Chapter 11 in Hawaiian Volcanism: From Source to Surface, edited by R. Carey, M. Poland, V. Cayol and D. Weis, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series vol. 208, pp. 229-250, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch11 [link]

P. Segall and K. Anderson (2014), Volcanology: Look up for magma insights, Nature Geoscience, 7 (3), 2 pp., doi:10.1038/ngeo2064 [link]

Anderson, K. and P. Segall (2013), Bayesian inversion of data from effusive volcanic eruptions using physics-based models: Application to Mount St. Helens 2004-2008, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118 (5), 20 pp., doi:10.1002/jgrb.50169 [link]

Anderson, K. and P. Segall (2011), Physics-based models of ground deformation and extrusion rate at effusively erupting volcanoes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (B7), 20 pp., doi:10.1029/2010JB007939 [link]

Anderson, K., M. Lisowski, and P. Segall (2010), Cyclic ground tilt associated with the 2004-2008 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (B11), 29 pp., doi:10.1029/2009JB007102 [link]