Kyle R Anderson


I am a research geophysicist for the U.S. Geological Survey at Moffett Field, California. Much of my work is focused on understanding volcanic systems using a combination of physics-based (multiphysical) volcano models and Bayesian statistics. The models I develop relate magma physics with diverse types of observations including ground deformation, eruption rate, and gas emissions. Performing Bayesian inverse analysis using these models together with data from real volcanoes, I probabilistically constrain properties of volcanic systems such as the composition and volume of stored magma. This approach can also be used in some cases to forecast future eruptive activity.


Education and Postdoctoral Experience

Mendenhall Postdoctoral Research Fellow, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (2012-2015)

PhD: Geophysics, Stanford University (2012)

MS: Geophysics, Stanford University

BA: Geology-Physics, Whitman College



K. R. Anderson, I. A. Johanson, M. R. Patrick, M. Gu, P. Segall, M. P. Poland, E. K. Montgomery-Brown, A. Miklius (2019), Magma reservoir failure and the onset of caldera collapse at Kīlauea Volcano in 2018, Science, doi:10.1126/science.aaz1822 [link]

M. R. Patrick, H. R. Dietterich, J. J. Lyons, A. K. Diefenbach, C. Parcheta, K. R. Anderson, A. Namiki, I. Sumita, B. Shiro, J. P. Kauahikaua (2019), Cyclic lava effusion during the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Science, doi:10.1126/science.aay9070 [link]

Poland, M. and K. R. Anderson (2019), Partly cloudy with a chance of lava flows: forecasting volcanic eruptions in the 21st century, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2018JB016974 [link]

Segall, P., K. R. Anderson, I Johanson, A. Miklius (2019), Mechanics of inflationary deformation during caldera collapse: Evidence from the 2018 Kīlauea eruption, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2019GL084689 [link]

Delgado, F., J. Kubanek, K. Anderson, P. Lundgren, and M. Pritchard (2019), Physicochemical models of effusive rhyolitic eruptions constrained with InSAR and DEM data: a case study of the 2011-2012 Cordón Caulle eruption, EPSL, 524, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115736 [link]

Johnson, J.H., M.P. Poland, K. R. Anderson, J. Biggs (2019), A cautionary tale of topography and tilt from Kīlauea Caldera, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, doi:10.1029/2018GL081757 [link]

Patrick, M., T. Orr, K. Anderson, and D. Swanson (2019), Eruptions in sync: Improved constraints on Kīlauea Volcano's hydraulic connection, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 507, pp. 50-61, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2018.11.030 [link]

C. A. Neal, S.R. Brantley, L. Antolik, J. Babb, M. Burgess, K. Calles, M. Cappos, J. C. Chang, S. Conway, L. Desmither, P. Dotray, T. Elias, P. Fukunaga, S. Fuke, I. A. Johanson, K. Kamibayashi, J. Kauahikaua, R. L. Lee, S. Pekalib, A. Miklius, W. Million, C. J. Moniz, P. A. Nadeau, P. Okubo, C. Parcheta, M. P. Patrick, B. Shiro, D. A. Swanson, W. Tollett, F. Trusdell, E. F. Younger, M. H. Zoeller, E. K. Montgomery-Brown, K. R. Anderson, M. P. Poland, J. Ball, J. Bard, M. Coombs, H. R. Dietterich, C. Kern, W. A. Thelen, P. F. Cervelli, T. Orr, B. F. Houghton, C. Gansecki, R. Hazlett, P. Lundgren, A. K. Diefenbach, A. H. Lerner, G. Waite, P. Kelly, L. Clor, C. Werner, K. Mulliken, G. Fisher (2019), The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kīlauea Volcano, Science, doi:10.1126/science.aav7046 [link]

Arnold, D. W. D., J. Biggs, K. Anderson, S. Vallejo Vargas, G. Wadge, S. K. Ebmeier, M. F. Naranjo, and P. Mothes (2017), Decaying lava extrusion rate at El Reventador Volcano, Ecuador measured using high-resolution satellite radar, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, pp. 9966-9988, doi:10.1002/2017JB014580 [link]

Wong, Y-Q., P. Segall, A. Bradley, and K. R. Anderson (2017), Constraining the magmatic system at Mount St. Helens (2004-2008) using Bayesian inversion with physics-based models including gas escape and crystallization, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122 (10), pp. 7789–7812,  doi:10.1002/2017JB014343 [link]

Anderson, K. R., and M. P. Poland (2017), Abundant carbon in the mantle beneath Hawai`i, Nature Geoscience, 10 (9), pp. 704-708, doi: 10.1038/NGEO3007 [link]

Anderson, K. R., and M. P. Poland (2016), Bayesian estimation of magma supply, storage, and eruption rates using a multiphysical volcano model: Kīlauea Volcano, 2000-2012, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 447, pp. 161-171, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.04.029 [link]

Poland, M. P., T. R. Orr, J. P. Kauahikaua, S. R. Brantley, J. L. Babb, M. R. Patrick, C. A. Neal, K. R. Anderson, et al. (2016), The 2014-2015 Pāhoa lava flow crisis at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Disaster avoided and lessons learned, GSA Today, 26 (2), pp. 4-10, doi:10.1130/GSATG262A.1 [link]

Dzurisin, D., S. C. Moran, M. Lisowski, S. P. Schilling, K. R. Anderson, and C. Werner (2015), The 2004-2008 dome-building eruption at Mount St. Helens, Washington: Epilogue, Bulletin of Volcanology, 77 (10), pp. 77-89, doi:10.1007/s00445-015-0973-4 [link]

Patrick, M. R., K. R. Anderson, M. P. Poland, T. R. Orr and D. A. Swanson (2015), Lava lake level as a gauge of magma reservoir pressure and eruptive hazard, Geology, vol. 43, pp. 831-834, doi:10.1130/G36896 [link]

Anderson, K. R., M. P. Poland, J. H. Johnson, and A. Miklius (2015), Episodic deflation-inflation events at Kīlauea Volcano and implications for the shallow magma system, Chapter 11 in Hawaiian Volcanism: From Source to Surface, edited by R. Carey, M. Poland, V. Cayol and D. Weis, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series vol. 208, pp. 229-250, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch11 [link]

P. Segall and K. Anderson (2014), Volcanology: Look up for magma insights, Nature Geoscience, 7 (3), 2 pp., doi:10.1038/ngeo2064 [link]

Anderson, K. and P. Segall (2013), Bayesian inversion of data from effusive volcanic eruptions using physics-based models: Application to Mount St. Helens 2004-2008, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118 (5), 20 pp., doi:10.1002/jgrb.50169 [link]

Anderson, K. and P. Segall (2011), Physics-based models of ground deformation and extrusion rate at effusively erupting volcanoes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (B7), 20 pp., doi:10.1029/2010JB007939 [link]

Anderson, K., M. Lisowski, and P. Segall (2010), Cyclic ground tilt associated with the 2004-2008 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (B11), 29 pp., doi:10.1029/2009JB007102 [link]