Matthew Patrick



University of Hawaii Manoa, Ph.D. (2005) - Geology and Geophysics

University of Alaska Fairbanks, M.S. (2002) - Geology

Cornell University, B.S. (1999) – Geology



US Geological Survey - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Research Geologist, 2007-present, research and monitoring of Kilauea

Michigan Tech University: Postdoctoral Researcher, 2006-2007, research on Central American volcanoes and developed and taught Computational Geosciences class

University of Hawaii Manoa: Postdoctoral Researcher, 2005-2006, InSAR research on Hawaiian volcanoes

University of Hawaii Manoa: Research Assistant, 2002-2005, research on Stromboli volcano

University of Alaska Fairbanks: Research Assistant, 1999-2002, worked for Alaska Volcano Observatory remote sensing group



Patrick MR, Houghton BF, Anderson KR, Poland MP, Montgomery-Brown E, Johanson I, Thelen W, Elias T. 2020.The cascading origin of the 2018 Kīlauea eruption and implications for future forecasting. Nature Communications 11, 5646.

Patrick M, Johanson I, Shea T, Waite GP. 2020. The historic events at Kīlauea Volcano in 2018: summit collapse, rift zone eruption, and Mw 6.9 earthquake: preface to the special issue. Bulletin of Volcanology 82, 46.

Anderson KR, Johanson IA, Patrick MR, Gu M, Segall P, Poland MP, Montgomery-Brown EK, Miklius A2019. Magma reservoir failure and the onset of caldera collapse at Kīlauea Volcano in 2018. Science, doi:10.1126/science.aaz1822

Patrick MR, Dietterich HR, Lyons JJ, Diefenbach AK, Parcheta C, Anderson KR, Namiki A, Sumita I, Shiro B, Kauahikaua JP.  2019. Cyclic lava effusion during the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano. Science, doi:10.1126/science.aay9070

Patrick MR, Dietterich H, Lyons J, Diefenbach A, Parcheta C, Anderson K, Namiki A, Sumita I, Shiro B, and Kauahikaua J. 2019. Cyclic lava effusion during the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano: data release: U.S. Geological Survey data release,

Patrick MR, Younger EF, and Tollett W. 2019. Lava level and crater geometry data during the 2018 lava lake draining at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey data release,

Lev E, Ruprecht P, Oppenheimer C, Peters N, Patrick M, Hernandez PA, Spampinato L, Marlow J. 2019. A global synthesis of lava lake dynamics. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 381:16-31.

Patrick MR, Swanson DA, Orr T. 2019. A review of controls on lava lake level: insights from Halemaʻumaʻu Crater, Kīlauea Volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology 81:13

Patrick MR, Orr T, Anderson K, Swanson DA. 2019. Eruptions in sync: improved constraints on Kīlauea Volcano’s hydraulic connection: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 507:60-61.

Neal CA, Brantley SR, Antolik L, Babb J, Burgess M, Calles K, Cappos M, Chang, J.C., Conway, S., Desmither, L., Dotray, P., Elias, T., Fukunaga, P., Fuke, S., Johanson, I.A., Kamibayashi, K., Kauahikaua, J., Lee, R.L., Pekalib, S., Miklius, A., Million, W., Moniz, C.J., Nadeau, P.A., Okubo, P., Parcheta, C., Patrick, M.R., Shiro, B,, Swanson, D.A., Tollett, W., Trusdell, F., Younger, E.F., Zoeller, M.H., Montgomery-Brown, E.K., Anderson, K.R., Poland, M.P., Ball, J., Bard, J., Coombs, M., Dietterich, H.R., Kern, C., Thelen, W.A., Cervelli, P.F., Orr, T., Houghton, B.F., Gansecki, C., Hazlett, R., Lundgren, P., Diefenbach, A.K., Lerner, A.H., Waite, G., Kelly, P., Clor, L., Werner, C., Mulliken, K., Fisher, G. 2018. The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kilauea Volcano. Science, eaav7046. 1315

Zoeller M, Patrick MR, Neal CA. 2018. Crisis remote sensing during the 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kilauea Volcano. Photogrammetric engineering and remote sensing 84:749-751

Brantley SR, Kauahikaua JP, Babb JL, Orr TR, Patrick MR, Poland MP, Trusdell FA, Oliveira D. 2018. Communication strategy of the U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory during the lava-flow crisis of 2014–2015, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, in: Poland MP, Garcia MO, Camp VE, Grunder A, eds., Field Volcanology: A Tribute to the Distinguished Career of Don Swanson: Geological Society of America Special Paper 538, p. 351–373.

Burzynski AM, Anderson SW, Morrison K, Patrick MR, Orr T, Thelen W. 2018. Lava lake thermal pattern classifi cation using self-organizing maps and relationships to eruption processes at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, in: Poland MP, Garcia MO, Camp VE, Grunder A, eds., Field Volcanology: A Tribute to the Distinguished Career of Don Swanson: Geological Society of America Special Paper 538, p. 307–324

Patrick MR, Orr TR, Swanson DA, Elias T, Shiro B. 2018. Lava lake activity at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano in 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5008, 58 p.,

Patrick MR, Orr T. 2018. Operational tracking of lava lake surface motion at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i,: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 13-A3, 12 p.,

Kauahikaua J, Orr T, Patrick M, Trusdell F. 2017. Steepest-Descent Lines for Kīlauea, Mauna Loa, Hualālai, and Mauna Kea Volcanoes, Hawaiʻi: U.S. Geological Survey data release

Patrick MR, Orr T, Fisher G, Trusdell F, Kauahikaua J. 2017. Thermal mapping of a pahoehoe lava flow, Kilauea Volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 332:71-87.

Patrick MR, Orr T, Swanson DA, Lev E. 2016. Shallow and deep controls on lava lake surface motion at Kilauea Volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 328:247-261.

Patrick MR, Swanson DA, Orr T. 2016. Automated tracking of lava lake level using thermal images at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i. Journal of Applied Volcanology, 5:6

Poland M, Orr TR, Kauahikaua JP, Brantley SR, Babb JL, Patrick MR, Neal CA, Anderson KR, Antolik L, Burgess M, Elias T, Fuke S, Fukunaga P, Johanson IA, Kagimoto M, Kamibayashi K, Lee L, Miklius A, Million W, Moniz C, Okubo PG, Sutton AJ, Takahashi TJ, Thelen WA, Tollett W, Trusdell FA.  2016. The 2014-2015 Pahoa lava flow crisis at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i: Disaster avoided and lessons learned. GSA Today, 26:4-10.

Houghton BF, Taddeucci J, Andronico D, Gonnerman HM, Pistolesi M, Patrick MR, Orr TR, Swanson DA, Edmonds M, Gaudin D, Carey RJ, Scarlato P. 2016. Stronger or longer: Discriminating between Hawaiian and Strombolian eruption styles. Geology, doi:10.1130/G37423.1

Patrick M.R., Orr T., Sutton A.J., Lev E., Thelen W., Fee D. 2016. Shallowly driven fluctuations in lava lake outgassing (gas pistoning), Kilauea Volcano. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 433:326-338.

Lyons JJ, Haney MM, Werner C, Kelly P, Patrick M, Kern C, Trusdell F. 2015. Long-period seismicity and very-long-period infrasound driven by shallow magmatic degassing at Mount Pagan, Mariana Islands. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012490.

Patrick M.R., Anderson K.R., Poland M.P., Orr T., Swanson D.A. 2015. Lava lake level as a gauge of magma reservoir pressure and eruptive hazard. Geology, 43:831-834.

Patrick M.R., Kauahikaua J., Orr T., Davies A., Ramsey M. 2015. Operational thermal remote sensing and lava flow monitoring at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. In: Harris A.J.L., De Groeve T., Garel F. & Carn, S. A. (eds) Detecting, Modelling and Responding to Effusive Eruptions. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 426.

Patrick M.R., Kauahikaua J. 2015. Satellite monitoring of dramatic changes at Hawai`i's only alpine lake - Lake Waiau on Mauna Kea Volcano. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5076,

Patrick M.R., Orr T., Lee L., Moniz C. 2015. A multipurpose camera system for monitoring Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i. U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 13, chap. A2, 25 p.,

Orr T, Poland MP, Patrick MR, Thelen WA, Sutton AJ, Elias T, Thornber CR, Parcheta C, Wooten KM. 2015. Kīlauea’s 5-9 March 2011 Kamoamoa fissure eruption and its relation to 30+ years of activity from Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō. In: Carey R, Poland M, Cayol V, Weis D, (eds) Hawaiian Volcanism: From Source to Surface: Hoboken, New Jersey, Wiley, American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 208, p. 393-420. 

Orr T., Bleacher J., Patrick M., Wooten K. 2014. A sinuous tumulus over an active lava tube at Kilauea Volcano: evolution, analogs, and hazard forecasts. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 291:35-48

Patrick M.R., Delparte D. 2014. Tracking dramatic changes at Hawaii's only alpine lake. EOS, 95:117-118.

Patrick M., Orr T., Antolik L, Lee L., Kamibayashi K. 2014. Continuous monitoring of Hawaiian volcanoes with thermal cameras. Journal of Applied Volcanology, 3:1.

Patrick M., Orr T., Sutton A.J., Elias T., Swanson D. 2013. The first five years of Kilauea's summit eruption in Halema`uma`u Crater, 2008-2013. US Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2013-3116, 4 p.

Patrick M.R. and Smellie J.L. 2013. A spaceborne inventory of volcanic activity in Antarctica and southern oceans, 2000-2010: a synthesis. Antarctic Science, 25:475-500.

Koeppen W., Patrick M.R, Orr T., Sutton A.J., Dow D., Wright R. 2013. Constraints on the partitioning of Kilauea's lavas between surface and tube-fed flows, estimated from infrared satellite data, sulfur dioxide emission rates and field observations. Bulletin of Volcanology, 75:716

Orr T.R., Thelen W.A., Patrick M.R., Swanson D.A., Wilson D.C. 2013. Explosive eruptions triggered by rockfalls at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i.  Geology, 41:207-210

Orr T.R., Heliker C., Patrick M.R. 2013. The ongoing Pu`u `O`o eruption of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`I – 30 years of eruptive activity. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012-3127, 6 p.

Carey R.J., Manga M., Degruyter W., Gonnerman H., Swanson D., Houghton B., Orr T., Patrick M. 2013. Convection in a volcanic conduit recorded by bubbles. Geology 41:395-398

Carey R.J., Manga M., Degruyter W., Swanson D., Houghton B., Orr T., Patrick M. 2012. Externally trigered renewed bubble nucleation in basaltic magma: The 12 October 2008 eruption at Halemaumau Overlook vent, Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i, USA. Journal of Geophysical Research B, Solid Earth 117:B11202

Wessels R.L., Vaughan R.G., Patrick M.R., Coombs M.L. 2012. High-resolution satellite and airborne thermal infrared imaging of precursory unrest and 2009 eruption at Redoubt Volcano, Alaska. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 259:248-269. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.04.014

Patrick M.R. and Witzke C.N.  2011. Thermal mapping of Hawaiian volcanoes with ASTER satellite data.  U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report, 2011-5110

Patrick M.R., Orr T.  2011. Rootless shield and perched lava pond collapses at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i.  Bulletin of Volcanology, 74:67-78, doi:10.1007/s00445-011-0505-9

Patrick M.R., Wilson D., Fee D., Orr T., Swanson D.  2011. Shallow degassing events as a trigger for very-long-period seismicity at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii.  Bulletin of Volcanology, 73:1179-1186, doi:10.1007/s00445-011-0475-y

Patrick M.R., Orr T., Wilson D., Dow D., Freeman R.  2011. Cycles of spattering, seismic tremor and surface fluctuation within a perched lava channel, Kilauea Volcano.  Bulletin of Volcanology, 73:639-653, doi:10.1007/s00445-010-0431-2

Fee D., Garces M., Patrick M., Chouet B., Dawson P., Swanson D. 2010. Infrasonic harmonic tremor and degassing bursts from Halema`uma`u Crater, Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 155, B11316, doi:10.1029/2010JB007642

Patrick M.R., Kauahikaua J., Antolik L.  2010.  MATLAB tools for improved characterization and quantification of volcanic incandescence in webcam imagery: applications at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i.  US Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 13-A1, 16 p.

Wilson, D., T. Elias, T. Orr, M. Patrick, J. Sutton, D. Swanson.  2008. Small explosion from new vent at Kilauea’s summit, EOS, 89, 203.

Patrick M.R. 2007. The gas content and buoyancy of strombolian ash plumes. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 166: 1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.06.001.

Patrick M.R. 2007. Dynamics of strombolian ash plumes from thermal (FLIR) video: Motion, morphology and air entrainment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, B06202, doi:10.1029/2006JB004387.

Lodato L., Spampinato L., Harris A., Calvari S., Dehn J., Patrick M.  2007.  The morphology and evolution of the stromboli 2002-2003 lava flow field: an example of a basaltic flow field emplaced on a steep slope.  Bulletin of Volcanology, 69: 661-679. DOI 10.1007/s00445-006-0101-6.  

Patrick M.R., Harris A.J.L., Ripepe M., Dehn J., Rothery D., Calvari S. 2007. Strombolian explosive styles and source conditions: Insights from thermal (FLIR) video. Bulletin of Volcanology, 69: 769-784DOI 10.1007/s00445-006-0107-0.

Patrick M.R., L. N. Frazer, and B. A. Brooks. 2006. Probabilistic modeling of eruptive activity at Etna volcano using InSAR surface displacements and ATSR thermal radiance. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18312, doi:10.1029/2006GL026983.

Harris A.J.L, Dehn J, Patrick M., Calvari S., Ripepe M., Lodato L. 2005. Lava effusion rates from handheld thermal infrared imagery: An example from the June 2003 effusive activity at Stromboli. Bulletin of Volcanology, 68: 107-117

Patrick M., Smellie J.L., Harris A.J.L., Wright R., Dean K., Izbekov P., Garbeil H., Pilger E. 2005. First recorded eruption of Mount Belinda volcano (Montagu Island), South Sandwich Islands. Bulletin of Volcanology, 67: 415-422

Calvari S., Spampinato L., Lodato L., Harris A.J.L., Patrick M.R., Dehn J., Burton M., Andronico D. 2005. Complex volcanic processes observed with a hand-held thermal camera during the 2002- 2003 flank eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy). Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, B02201, doi: 10.1029/2004JB003129

Patrick M., Dehn J., Dean K. 2005. Numerical modeling of lava flow cooling applied to the 1997 Okmok eruption, II: Comparison with AVHRR thermal imagery. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, B02210 doi: 10.1029/2003JB002538.

Harris A.J.L., Carniel R., Patrick M., Dehn, J. 2004. The Sulfur Flow Fields of the Fossa di Vulcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 66: 749-759

Patrick M., Dehn J., Dean K. 2004. Numerical modeling of lava flow cooling applied to the 1997 Okmok eruption: Approach and analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, B03202, doi:10.1029/2003JB002537

Patrick M., Dean K. and Dehn J. 2004. Active mud volcanism observed with Landsat 7 ETM+. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 131: 307-320

Patrick M., Dehn J., Papp K., Lu Z., Dean K., Moxey L., Izbekov P., Guritz R. 2003. The 1997 Eruption of Okmok Volcano: A synthesis of remotely sensed imagery. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 127: 89-107

Lu Z., Fielding E., Patrick M., and Trautwein C. 2003. Estimating lava volume by precision combination of multiple baseline spaceborne and airborne interferometric synthetic aperture radar: the 1997 eruption of Okmok Volcano, Alaska. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 41: 1428-1436

Dean K.G., Dehn J., Engle K., Izbekov P., Papp K., Patrick M. 2002. Operational satellite monitoring of volcanoes at the Alaska Volcano Observatory. Advances in Environmental Monitoring and Modeling, 1 (3): 70-97

Eichelberger J., Freymueller J., Hill G., Patrick M. 2002. Nuclear Stewardship: Lessons from a Not-So-Remote Island. Geotimes, 47(3): 20-23.