USGS EROS Archive - Aerial Photography - Aerial Photo Mosaics

Science Center Objects

Aerial Photo Mosaics were the aerial photo finding aids during the creation and photo revision of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) topographic map series.

Aerial Photo Mosaic Index

Photo Index (Southwestern
Pennsylvania
(Public domain)

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Aerial Photo Mosaics were the aerial photo finding aids during the creation and photo revision of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) topographic map series. The film is referenced as a series of photo indexes (mosaics), each of which consists of a single-sheet composite of many individual photos. The photos date from the 1937 through 1980, and they were originally acquired by a variety of sources, such as the USGS, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy, and the Army Map Service. This sporadic collection does not follow any specific schedule or pattern.

Index/Mapping Photography varies in scale, size, quality, and coverage. A majority of the photos were taken from a vertical perspective. Most are in black & white (B/W), although color and color-infrared (CIR) may be available for some locations.

Aerial Photo Mosaic Single Frame

Individual aerial photograph from
photo index (Southwestern
Pennsylvania
(Public domain)

Coverage Maps

Coverage Maps indicating the availability of Aerial Photo Mosaics are available for download.

 Additional Information

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center digitized all photo mosaics in the USGS/EROS archive and the individual frames from each index. Single frame database records have also been produced for a majority of these indexes retiring the need for them. Frame level records are available from the Aerial Photo Single Frames data set. 

What remains in the Aerial Photo Mosaics collection are index records that are the only search mechanism into these historical aerial projects. These can be searched on EarthExplorer in the Aerial Photographs - USGS Aerial Photo Mosaic collection. The photo indexes range in file size from 12 - 92 mb and a majority are black and white (TIFF) images. 

Aerial Photo Mosaics Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number: /10.5066/F72805WQ

Access Data

EarthExplorer can be used to search, preview, and download the Aerial Photo Mosaics. The collection is located under the Aerial Imagery category.