National Hydrography

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The USGS National Geospatial Program manages the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD), and NHDPlus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR). These geospatial datasets represent the surface water of the United States for mapping and modeling applications.

Update National Hydrograpy with the Markup App

Update National Hydrograpy with the Markup App

Have a correction or update for the NHD, WBD, or NHDPlus High Resolution? Visit the Markup App!

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NHDPlus HR - the Next Generation of National Hydrography

NHDPlus HR - the Next Generation of National Hydrography

 Check out the NHDPlus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR) factsheet

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Get the NHD Newsletter to keep up with the latest Hydrography info

Get the NHD Newsletter to keep up with the latest Hydrography info

Sign up to receive the National Hydrography Dataset newsletters for updates, information, and the hydro quiz!

Newsletters

Hydrography for the Nation

The USGS manages surface water and hydrologic unit mapping for the Nation as geospatial datasets. These include the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD), and NHDPlus High Resolution (NHDPlus HR). Hydrography data are integral to a myriad of mission critical activities undertaken and managed by government entities (Federal, state, regional, county, local, Tribal), nonprofit organizations, and private companies. Hydrography data make it possible for these groups to, for example:

  • Manage water such as stream flow and stormwater
  • Monitor, manage, and report water quality
  • Assess water availability and water rights
  • Model and map flood risk
  • Conserve terrestrial and aquatic habitats
  • Manage fisheries, rangeland, timberlands, and agricultural lands
  • Assess coastal hazards
  • Plan for future land development activities and infrastructure development
  • Manage riverine and coastal navigation and safety
  • Provide recreational opportunities for citizens

Please see the About National Hydrography Products link for more detailed information on national hydrography products. 

Accessing Hydrography Products

Direct download links and web-based map service information are available from the Access National Hydrography Products page. Downloads via interactive map are available from The National Map Download viewer, and all web-based map services are listed at The National Map Service Endpoints page.

Resources and Tools

Many resources and tools exist to support the National Hydrography Datasets. Tools include the Markup Application to suggest edits, or “markups”, to the NHD, WBD, and NHDPlus HR, as well as the Hydrologic Event Management (HEM) Tool to create, manage, and refresh of event data that is referenced to hydrography data. Tools are also available to stewards to edit and manage NHD and WBD data.

A series of training videos on hydrography and other USGS geospatial data and products are also available.

Stewardship

National Hydrography Datasets are updated and maintained through a strong community of stewards and users who have local knowledge about the streams where they live and work. Edits and updates to the NHD and WBD are made by stewards and processed and made available in the national dataset distribution by the USGS. For more information, please visit the Stewardship and Community link.

Governance

The NHD and WBD are managed by the USGS under OMB Circular A-16 and as a part of the FGDC National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) Water-Inland Theme, with collaboration, support, and cost-sharing with many other Federal, state, and local entities. The National Hydrography Infrastructure Working Group (NHI WG) is a forum for Federal agencies with direct involvement in the National Hydrography Infrastructure to provide input and collaborate on the direction, development, priorities, management, technologies, use, and resources of the National Hydrography Infrastructure.

Join Our Community!

We communicate monthly through the NHD Newsletters and Hydrography Advisory Calls, and hold special seminars and workshops as well. Please visit the News tab on the left for more detailed information. For questions, please email nhd@usgs.gov.

 

News

Date published: October 8, 2020

National Hydrography July- August 2020 Newsletter released

The USGS National Hydrography Dataset Newsletter, Vol. 19, No. 7-8, July-August 2020 has been released and posted for viewing.

Date published: July 31, 2020

National Hydrography May - June 2020 Newsletter released

The USGS National Hydrography Dataset Newsletter, Vol. 19, No. 5-6, May-June 2020 has been released and posted for viewing.

Date published: July 13, 2020

USGS Specifications for Deriving Hydrography from Elevation Data are Now Available

The USGS has released specifications for deriving hydrography from elevation data for use in updating the National Hydrography Dataset.

Publications

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Year Published: 2015

The Open Water Data Initiative: Water information for a thirsty nation

Initial efforts of the Open Water Data Initiative have focused on three use cases covering flooding, drought, and contaminant spill response, with a goal of identifying critical water data resources and making them more accessible. Significant progress has been made in the past year, although much remains to be done.

Rea, Alan; Clark, Edward; Adams, Angela; Samuels, William B.

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Year Published: 2014

The National Map hydrography data stewardship: what is it and why is it important?

The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) were designed and populated by a large consortium of agencies involved in hydrography across the United States. The effort was led by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)....

Arnold, Dave
The National Map hydrography data stewardship: what is it and why is it important?; 2014; FS; 2014-3084; Arnold, Dave