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“ChesBay 24k – NE": Natural Environment Related Data Summaries for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Within NHD Plus HR catchments

August 1, 2023

These tabular data are summaries of natural environment related variables within catchments of the Chesapeake Bay watershed using the Xstrm methodology at 1:24,000 scale. Variables being counted as natural environment related include topography, soils/geology, hydrology/geomorphology, and other physical aspects of surface waters (temperature, flow, etc.). Outputs consist of tabular comma-separated values files (CSVs) for the local catchment linked to the National Hydrography Dataset Plus High-Resolution (NHDPlus HR) framework by NHDPlus ID. Local catchments are defined as the single catchment the data is summarized within. The summarized data tables are structured as a single column representing the catchment id values (ie. nhdplusid) and the remaining columns consisting of the summarized variables. Xstrm upstream and downstream network summary types are not present within this dataset as no summaries were conducted using the network summary method.

Additionally, for a full description of the variables included within these summaries see xstrm_nhdhr_natural_chesapeake_baywide_datadictionary.csv in the attached files. For information about the summarization process parameters, see xstrm_nhdhr_cbay_natural_summary_expanded_metadata.csv.
The Xstrm local summary methodology takes either raster or point data as input then summarizes those data by "zones", in this case the NHDPlus HR catchments.The network summaries then take the results from the local summaries and calculates the desired network summary statistic for the local catchment and its respective network-connected upstream or downstream catchments.
As a note concerning use of these data, any rasters summarized within this process only had their cells included within a catchment if the center of the raster cell fell within the catchment boundary. However, the resolution of the input raster data for these summaries must be considered to provide adequate coverage of the summary catchments using this option. If an alternative coverage of a catchment is desired (even if a raster cell only is minimally included within the catchment) then it is recommended to rerun the Xstrm summary process with the "All Touched" option set to True.

Further information on the Xstrm summary process can be found at the Xstrm software release pages:
Xstrm: Wieferich, D.J., Williams, B., Falgout, J.T., Foks, N.L. 2021. xstrm. U.S. Geological Survey software release. https://doi.org/10.5066/P9P8P7Z0.
Xstrm Local: Wieferich, D.J., Gressler B., Krause K., Wieczorek M., McDonald, S. 2022. xstrm_local Version-1.1.0. U.S. Geological Survey software release. https://doi.org/10.5066/P98BOGI9.

Publication Year 2023
Title “ChesBay 24k – NE": Natural Environment Related Data Summaries for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Within NHD Plus HR catchments
DOI 10.5066/P9X7LS7E
Authors Benjamin P Gressler, John A Young, Stephanie E Gordon, Daniel J Wieferich, Kelly O Maloney, Taylor E Woods
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Eastern Ecological Science Center