The Sacramento / San Joaquin River Delta (SSJRD) is contaminated with legacy mercury (Hg) from historical mining and mineral processing activities throughout the watershed, as well as from contemporary atmospheric and industrial inputs. The current project was designed for the purpose of developing high-resolution spatial and temporal models for estimating concentrations of mercury species in surface waters of the SSJRD. The field component of the project brings together three high-resolution platforms for collecting water-quality data (fixed continuous monitoring stations (CMS) outfitted with in-situ sensors, spatial mapping using boat-mounted flow-through sensors, and satellite-based remote sensing) coupled with a discrete sample collection program for mercury species and ancillary water-quality metrics. The four mercury species targeted in the study include both particulate and filter-passing fractions of total mercury and methylmercury.
Field data were collected during the period July 2019 through July 2021. Sampling at the four primary CMS sites included discrete sample collections during all station operations and maintenance visits (approximately every six weeks) and during four 13-hour to 15-hour tidal sampling events, during which samples were collected every 2 hours (approximately) over a full tidal cycle. This tidal sampling occurred once per season (winter, spring, summer, and fall) at each of the four CMS locations. Likewise, four seasonal boat-mapping sampling events were conducted, each over a 3-day period and coincident with Landsat 8 satellite overpasses on the 2nd day of sampling and within 2 days of a Sentinel 2 A/B satellite overpass. Each boat-mapping event included collection of discrete water samples for mercury species and other water-quality metrics at 33 sites over a three-day period, covering approximately 210 kilometers through the SSJRD.
The information presented herein falls under five categories, which are associated with the following five Child pages: a) Discrete Sample Data – represents laboratory analytical results and field measurements associated with discrete surface-water samples collected from both the CMS and boat-mapping sampling events; b) Optical Spectral Data – represents excitation-emissions matrix spectra (EEMs) and absorption data associated with discrete surface-water samples collected from both the CMS and boat mapping sampling events; c) High-resolution (15 minute) Temporal Data from CMS Locations – includes time series in-situ sensor data collected from the four primary fixed CMS sampling locations; d) High-Resolution Boat Mapping Data – data collected with boat mounted flow-through sensor arrays during the four mapping events; and e) Remote Sensing Data – GeoTIFF image files of turbidity and dissolved organic matter (fDOM) products derived from Sentinel 2 A/B imagery of the SSJRD from June 2019 – May 2021. In addition, a geospatial file (SSJRD_Sites.kmz) is provided on this Parent page, which identifies all of the study fixed station locations.
|Title||High resolution and discrete temporal and spatial water-quality measurements in support of modeling mercury and methylmercury concentrations in surface waters of the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta|
|Authors||Jacob A Fleck, Mark C Marvin-DiPasquale, Brian Bergamaschi, Lisamarie Windham-Myers, Charles N Alpers, Erin Hestir, Dulcinea M Avouris, Katy O'Donnell, Diana M Oros, Angela Hansen, Patrick T Watanabe, Daryna Sushch, Erica R De Parsia, Crystal L Sturgeon, Ayelet Delascagigas, Jeffrey (Chuck) Hansen, Dylan J Burau, Jennifer L Agee, Le Kieu, Evangelos Kakouros, Shaun Baesman|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Earth System Processes Division|