Multi Order Hydrologic Position (MOHP) raster datasets: Distance from Stream to Divide (DSD) and Lateral Position (LP) have been produced nationally for the 48 contiguous United States at a 30-meter resolution for stream orders 1 through 9. These data are available for testing as predictor variables for various regional and national groundwater-flow and groundwater-quality statistical models. The concept behind MOHP is that for any given point on the earth's surface there is the potential for longer and longer groundwater flow paths as one goes deeper and deeper beneath the land surface. These increasing depths correspond to increasing stream orders. Or in other words, with increasing depth these paths of groundwater flow travel further from divides to point of discharge which are to increasingly larger streams of higher stream order. DSD -- Raster -- Distance from Stream to Divide (DSD) rasters have cell values equal to the sum of the shortest distance to the stream or associated waterbody plus the shortest distance to the matching Thiessen divide. There are 9 rasters for streams orders 1 through 9. Units are in meters. LP -- Raster -- the lateral position (LP) raster has cell values equal to the shortest distance to the stream or associated waterbody divided by the DSD. There are 9 rasters for streams orders 1 through 9. Combined, these two factors, DSD and LP, provide a measure or description of potential distance of groundwater flow to any location along the groundwater flow path.
|Title||National Multi Order Hydrologic Position (MOHP) Predictor Data for Groundwater and Groundwater-Quality Modeling|
|Authors||Richard B Moore, Kenneth Belitz, Terri L Arnold, Jennifer B. Sharpe, Jeffrey Starn|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Office of Planning and Programming|