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The Energy Resources Program conducts research and assessments to advance the understanding of the Nation’s energy resources. We study processes critical to the formation, accumulation, occurrence and alteration of geologically based energy resources; prepare resource assessments; and evaluate the environmental and socioeconomic effects of energy resource occurrence, production and use.

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Energy News & Highlights

Energy News & Highlights

Current Press Releases, Technical Announcements, Publications, Field Reports, and Science Highlights. 

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News

Date published: March 8, 2019

Making Minerals-How Growing Rocks Can Help Reduce Carbon Emissions

Following an assessment of geologic carbon storage potential in sedimentary rocks, the USGS has published a comprehensive review of potential carbon storage in igneous and metamorphic rocks through a process known as carbon mineralization.

Date published: November 28, 2018

USGS Announces Largest Continuous Oil Assessment in Texas and New Mexico

Estimates Include 46.3 Billion Barrels of Oil, 281 Trillion Cubic feet of Natural Gas, and 20 Billion Barrels of Natural Gas Liquids in Texas and New Mexico’s Wolfcamp Shale and Bone Spring Formation.

Date published: September 20, 2018

Seismic Research Cruise Provides New Data on U.S. Atlantic Margin Gas Hydrates

Data acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey on the U.S. Atlantic Margin in August 2018 reveal new information about the distribution of gas hydrates in the sector stretching from the upper continental slope to deep water areas offshore New Jersey to North Carolina.

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Date published: December 12, 2018
Status: Active

Wind Energy

The United States Wind Turbine Database (USWTDB) provides the locations of land-based and offshore wind turbines in the United States, corresponding wind project information, and turbine technical specifications. The creation of this database was jointly funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Energy Technologies Office...

Date published: March 3, 2016

Oil and Gas

Oil and gas undiscovered resource assessments for conventional and unconventional accumulations, reserve growth evaluations, and energy economic analyses for the U.S. and world.

Date published: March 3, 2016

Coal

U.S. coal resource and reserve assessments, U.S. and world coal quality, and coalbed gas.

Date published: March 3, 2016

Other Energy

Research and evaluations of gas hydrates, geothermal, uranium, oil shale, and wind energy impacts on animals.

Date published: March 3, 2016

Health and Environment

Studies of environmental aspects of energy such as water from oil and gas production, geologic carbon sequestration, and mercury and selenium in the environment.

Date published: March 3, 2016

Geochemistry and Geophysics

Seismic data acquisition, processing, interpretation, and archiving; energy geochemistry laboratory; and geochemistry research.

Filter Total Items: 33
Date published: March 25, 2019

Codebook vectors and predicted rare earth potential from a trained emergent self-organizing map displaying multivariate topology of geochemical and reservoir temperature data from produced and geothermal waters of the United States

This data release consists of three products relating to a 82 x 50 neuron Emergent Self-Organizing Map (ESOM), which describes the multivariate topology of reservoir temperature and geochemical data for 190 samples of produced and geothermal waters from across the United States. Variables included in the ESOM are coordinates derived from reservoir temperature and concentration of Sc, Nd, Pr,...

Date published: March 25, 2019

Data release for Organic geochemistry and petrology of Devonian shale in eastern Ohio: implications for petroleum systems assessment (2018)

Recent production of light sweet oil from shallow (~2,000 ft) horizontal wells in the Upper Devonian Berea Sandstone of eastern Kentucky and historical oil production from conventional wells in the Berea of adjoining southern Ohio has prompted re-evaluation of Devonian petroleum systems in the central Appalachian Basin. Herein, we examined Upper Devonian Ohio Shale (lower Huron Member) and...

Date published: January 1, 2019

The Mississippi Alluvial Plain Aquifers: An Engine for Economic Activity - Data

The data are calculations of economic impacts of major agricultural commodities (corn, cotton, rice, soybeans, and catfish) produced in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain region for the years 2013 through 2017.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Tops file for the Niobrara interval of the Upper Cretaceous Cody Shale and associated strata in the Wind River Basin, Wyoming

The Wind River Basin is a large Laramide (Late Cretaceous through Eocene) structural and sedimentary basin that encompasses about 7,400 square miles in central Wyoming (fig. 1). The basin is bounded by the Washakie Range and Owl Creek and southern Bighorn Mountains on the north, the Casper arch on the east, the Granite Mountains on the south, and Wind River Range on the west (figs. 1). Many...

Date published: January 1, 2019

USGS National and Global Oil and Gas Assessment Project - Permian Basin Province, Midland Basin, Wolfcamp Shale Assessment Unit Boundaries and Assessment Input Data Forms, Version 2.0

The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the context of the higher-level Total Petroleum System. The Assessment Unit is shown herein as a geographic boundary interpreted, defined, and mapped by the geologist responsible for the province and incorporates a...

Date published: July 24, 2018

Geospatial Data for Coal Beds in the Little Snake River coal field and Red Desert area, Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming

The data release encapsulates geospatial data in support of the regional scale study, Coal Geology and Assessment of Coal Resources and Reserves in the Little Snake River coal field and Red Desert assessment area, Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming. The assessment area covers about 2,300 square miles of the Eastern portion of the 15,400 square mile Greater Green River Basin in Southwestern...

Date published: June 25, 2018

Codebook vectors from a trained emergent self-organizing map displaying multivariate topology of geochemical and reservoir temperature data from produced and geothermal waters of the United States

This data matrix contains the codebook vectors for a 82 x 50 neuron Emergent Self-Organizing Map which describes the multivariate topology of reservoir temperature and geochemical data for 190 samples of produced and geothermal waters from across the United States. Variables included are coordinates derived from reservoir temperature and concentration of Sc, Nd, Pr, Tb, Lu, Gd, Tm, Ce, Yb, Sm...

Date published: April 19, 2018

U.S. Wind Turbine Database

The USWTDB Viewer, created by the USGS Energy Resources Program, lets you visualize, inspect, interact, and download the most current USWTDB through a dynamic web application.  The USWTDB provides onshore & offshore wind turbine locations in the United States, corresponding facility...

Date published: February 15, 2018

Data and calculations to support the study of the sea-air flux of methane and carbon dioxide on the West Spitsbergen margin in June 2014

This dataset collected on the West Spitsbergen margin during U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program Field Activity 2014-013-FA, which was carried out in conjunction with the University of Tromso and the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel on the R/V Helmer Hanssen.

Date published: January 1, 2018

USGS National and Global Oil and Gas Assessment Project-Appalachian Basin Province, Upper Devonian Shales Assessment Unit Boundaries and Assessment Input Forms

The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the context of the higher-level Total Petroleum System. The Assessment Unit is shown herein as a geographic boundary interpreted, defined, and mapped by the geologist responsible for the province and incorporates a...

Date published: January 1, 2018

Mercury injection capillary pressure data in the U.S. Gulf Coast Tuscaloosa Group in Mississippi and Louisiana collected 2015 to 2017

This data release contains mercury injection capillary pressure (MICP), pseudo-wetting saturation, and carbon dioxide (CO2) column height data for subsurface Tuscaloosa Group samples from Mississippi and Louisiana.

Date published: January 1, 2018

Petroleum geology data from Mesozoic rock samples in the eastern U.S. Gulf Coast collected 2011 to 2017

This data release contains Rock-Eval pyrolysis, organic petrographic (reflectance), and X-ray diffraction mineralogy data for subsurface Mesozoic rock samples from the eastern onshore Gulf Coast Basin (primarily Mississippi and Louisiana). Samples were analyzed in support of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) assessment of undiscovered petroleum resources in the Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa...

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Year Published: 2019

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the Tindouf Basin Province, North Africa, 2018

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable mean resources of 2.6 billion barrels of oil and 123.9 trillion cubic feet of gas in the Tindouf Basin Province of North Africa.

Brownfield, Michael E.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Woodall, Cheryl A.; Le, Phuong A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Finn, Thomas M.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Pitman, Janet K.; Marra, Kristen R.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Drake, Ronald M.
Brownfield, M.E., Schenk, C.J., Mercier, T.J., Woodall, C.A., Le, P.A., Tennyson, M.E., Finn, T.M., Gaswirth, S.B., Pitman, J.K., Marra, K.R., Leathers-Miller, H.M., and Drake, R.M., II, 2019, Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the Tindouf Basin Province, North Africa, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3006, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193006.

Year Published: 2019

Geochemistry of a thermally immature Eagle Ford Group drill core in central Texas

The Upper Cretaceous Eagle Ford Group displays significant lateral and vertical geochemical variability. Much of the work on the Eagle Ford Group has been focused southwest of the San Marcos arch. To more fully characterize the Eagle Ford across the entire region, a thermally immature drill core was acquired north of the San Marcos arch that...

French, Katherine L.; Birdwell, Justin E.; Whidden, Katherine J.

Year Published: 2019

Structure contour and overburden maps of the Niobrara interval of the Upper Cretaceous Cody Shale in the Wind River Basin, Wyoming

The Wind River Basin in central Wyoming is one of many structural and sedimentary basins that formed in the Rocky Mountain foreland during the Laramide orogeny. The basin is bounded by the Washakie, Owl Creek, and southern Bighorn uplifts on the north, the Casper arch on the east, the Granite Mountains uplift on the south, and Wind...

Finn, Thomas M.
Finn, T.M., 2019, Structure contour and overburden maps of the Niobrara interval of the Upper Cretaceous Cody Shale in the Wind River Basin, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3427, pamphlet 9 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:500,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3427

Year Published: 2019

Geology and assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Vilkitskii Basin Province, 2008

The Vilkitskii Basin is a separate petroleum province that lies beneath the continental shelf of the East Siberian Sea east of the New Siberian Islands and northwest of Wrangel Island. It is a basin known only on the basis of gravity data and three seismic profiles. A small, southern part of the basin overlies the Brooks Range–Chukotka late...

Moore, Thomas E.; Gautier, Donald L.; Bird, Kenneth J.; Houseknecht, David W.; Pitman, Janet K.
Bird, K.J., Houseknecht, D.W., and Pitman, J.K., 2019, Geology and assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Vilkitskii Basin Province, 2008, chap. Z of Moore, T.E., and Gautier, D.L., eds., The 2008 Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1824, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1824Z.

Year Published: 2019

Kinetics of elemental sulfur reduction by petroleum hydrocarbons and the implications for hydrocarbon thermal chemical alteration

Although sulfur-containing compounds are known to play a significant role in the diagenic and catagenic processes that generate oil and gas, relatively little is known about the kinetics of reactions between elemental S and petroleum hydrocarbons. To investigate this subject, a series of closed-system pyrolysis experiments using paraffin, a low-...

Ellis, Geoffrey S.; Zhang, Tongwei; Kralert, Paul G.; Tang, Yongchun

Year Published: 2019

Carbon dioxide mineralization feasibility in the United States

Geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) storage is one of many methods for stabilizing the increasing concentration of CO2 in the Earth’s atmosphere. The injection of CO2 in deep subsurface sedimentary reservoirs is the most commonly discussed method; however, the potential for CO2 leakage can create long-term stability concerns. This report discusses the...

Blondes, Madalyn S.; Merrill, Matthew D.; Anderson, Steven T.; DeVera, Christina A.
Blondes, M.S., Merrill, M.D., Anderson, S.T., and DeVera, C.A., 2019, Carbon dioxide mineralization feasibility in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5079, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185079.

Year Published: 2019

Stratigraphic cross sections of the Niobrara Interval of the Upper Cretaceous Cody Shale in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming and Montana

The Bighorn Basin is one of many structural and sedimentary basins that formed in the Rocky Mountain foreland during the Laramide orogeny. The basin is nearly 180 miles long, 100 miles wide, and encompasses about 10,400 square miles in northern Wyoming and southern Montana. The basin is bounded by major basement uplifts that include the Pryor...

Finn, Thomas M.
Finn, T.M., 2019, Stratigraphic cross sections of the Niobrara Interval of the Upper Cretaceous Cody Shale in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming and Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3422, pamphlet 19 p., 1 sheet [cross section], https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3422.

Year Published: 2019

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the South Florida basin, 2016

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered, technically recoverable resources of 49 million barrels of oil and 18 billion cubic feet of gas in the onshore and State waters part of the South Florida basin.

Roberts-Ashby, Tina L.; Hackley, Paul C.; Lohr, Celeste D.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Whidden, Katherine J.; Le, Phuong A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Woodall, Cheryl A.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Marra, Kristen R.; Finn, Thomas M.
Roberts-Ashby, T.L., Hackley, P.C., Lohr, C.D., Schenk, C.J., Mercier, T.J., Whidden, K.J., Le, P.A., Tennyson, M.E., Gaswirth, S.B., Woodall, C.A., Brownfield, M.E., Leathers-Miller, H.M., Marra, K.R., and Finn, T.M., 2019, Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the South Florida basin, 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3074, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183074.

Year Published: 2019

Assessment of continuous oil and gas resources in the Duvernay Formation, Alberta Basin Province, Canada, 2018

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable mean resources of 1.3 billion barrels of oil and 22.2 trillion cubic feet of gas in the Duvernay Formation of the Alberta Basin Province, Canada.

Schenk, Christopher J.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Le, Phuong A.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Marra, Kristen R.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Drake, Ronald M.
Schenk, C.J., Mercier, T.J., Tennyson, M.E., Le, P.A., Brownfield, M.E., Marra, K.R., Gaswirth, S.B., Leathers-Miller, H.M., and Drake, R.M., II, 2019, Assessment of continuous oil and gas resources in the Duvernay Formation, Alberta Basin Province, Canada, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3065, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183065.

Year Published: 2019

Assessment of continuous gas resources in the Montney and Doig Formations, Alberta Basin Province, Canada, 2018

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable mean resources of 47.6 trillion cubic feet of gas and 2.2 billion barrels of natural gas liquids in the Montney and Doig Formations of the Alberta Basin Province in Canada.

Schenk, Christopher J.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Finn, Thomas M.; Woodall, Cheryl A.; Le, Phuong A.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Marra, Kristen R.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.
Schenk, C.J., Mercier, T.J., Tennyson, M.E., Finn, T.M., Woodall, C.A., Le, P.A., Brownfield, M.E., Marra, K.R., and Leathers-Miller, H.M., 2019, Assessment of continuous gas resources in the Montney and Doig Formations, Alberta Basin Province, Canada, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3071, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183071.

Year Published: 2019

Petroleum systems framework of significant new oil discoveries in a giant Cretaceous (Aptian–Cenomanian) clinothem in Arctic Alaska

Recent oil discoveries in an Aptian–Cenomanian clinothem in Arctic Alaska demonstrate the potential for hundred-million- to billion-barrel oil accumulations in Nanushuk Formation topsets and Torok Formation foresets–bottomsets. Oil-prone source rocks and the clinothem are draped across the Barrow arch, a structural hinge between the Colville...

Houseknecht, David W.

Year Published: 2019

Statistical detection of flow regime changes in horizontal hydraulically fractured Bakken oil wells

The application of horizontal and hydraulically fractured wells for producing oil from low permeability formations has changed the face of the North American oil industry. One feature of the production profile of many such wells is a transition from transient linear oil flow to boundary-dominated flow. The identification of the time of this...

Attanasi, Emil; Coburn, T.C.; Ran-McDonald, B.

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oil-saturated sand, sandstone, and concretions
December 31, 2019

oil-saturated sand, sandstone, and concretions along the Jago River

Geologists examine oil-saturated sand (unconsolidated), sandstone (dark orange-brown rocks), and concretions (light orange rocks) along the Jago River in the 1002 Area, about 18 miles southeast of Kaktovik.

Hue Shale and Kemik Sandstone
December 31, 2019

View to northeast from southwestern 1002 Area with ice in Camden Bay

View to northeast from southwestern 1002 Area with ice in Camden Bay in distance. In foreground, red-weathering rocks are Hue Shale (oil-prone source rock with is present throughout 1002 Area) and dark gray rocks are Kemik Sandstone (lateral equivalent to Thomson sandstone, main reservoir in Pt. Thomson field).

near the Canning River Delta
December 31, 2019

View to the southeast from near the Canning River Delta

View to the southeast from near the Canning River Delta. Visible in foreground are permafrost polygons cut by caribou trails.

tundra surface and lakes on Canning River Delta
December 31, 2019

tundra surface and lakes on Canning River Delta

Southward view of tundra surface and lakes on Canning River Delta near northwestern corner of 1002 Area.

Canning River Delta with thin barrier island
December 31, 2019

Canning River Delta with thin barrier island and ice pack

Northward view to coast of Canning River Delta with thin barrier island and ice pack beyond.

1002 area with ice in Camden Bay
December 31, 2019

western 1002 area with ice in Camden Bay

Northward view in western 1002 area with ice in Camden Bay in distance. North sloping, tundra-covered surface is typical of coastal plain.

western Sadlerochit Mountains
December 31, 2019

western Sadlerochit Mountains near the Tamayariak River

View to northeast from western Sadlerochit Mountains near the Tamayariak River. This gently rolling topography is typical of the southern coastal plain.

Camden Bay
December 31, 2019

Camden Bay from west-central 1002 Area

View to the northeast towards Camden Bay from west-central 1002 Area. The tundra and lakes in this area displays a variety of patterns caused by permafrost.

Camden Bay
December 31, 2019

Camden Bay from west-central 1002 Area

Northward view towards Camden Bay from west-central 1002 Area near the Katakturuk River. Patterns in foreground are permafrost polygons.

near the Sadlerochit River
December 31, 2019

central 1002 Area near the Sadlerochit River

Northward view in central 1002 area near the Sadlerochit River showing gently rolling topography typical of the southern coastal plain.

near the Sadlerochit River
December 31, 2019

1002 area near the Sadlerochit River

Northward view in central 1002 area near the Sadlerochit River showing gently rolling topography typical of the southern coastal plain and meandering creek.

along Sabbath Creek
December 31, 2019

along Sabbath Creek, a tributary of the Jago River

Northward view towards Kaktovik from southeastern 1002 Area. Location is along Sabbath Creek, a tributary of the Jago River.

 

For our full listing of current Press Releases, Technical Announcements, USGS & Outside Publications, Field Reports, and Science Highlights 

Energy News and Current Publications
Filter Total Items: 49
Date published: March 8, 2019

Making Minerals-How Growing Rocks Can Help Reduce Carbon Emissions

Following an assessment of geologic carbon storage potential in sedimentary rocks, the USGS has published a comprehensive review of potential carbon storage in igneous and metamorphic rocks through a process known as carbon mineralization.

Date published: November 28, 2018

USGS Announces Largest Continuous Oil Assessment in Texas and New Mexico

Estimates Include 46.3 Billion Barrels of Oil, 281 Trillion Cubic feet of Natural Gas, and 20 Billion Barrels of Natural Gas Liquids in Texas and New Mexico’s Wolfcamp Shale and Bone Spring Formation.

Date published: September 20, 2018

Seismic Research Cruise Provides New Data on U.S. Atlantic Margin Gas Hydrates

Data acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey on the U.S. Atlantic Margin in August 2018 reveal new information about the distribution of gas hydrates in the sector stretching from the upper continental slope to deep water areas offshore New Jersey to North Carolina.

Date published: June 22, 2018

USGS Estimates Oil and Gas in Texas’ Eagle Ford Group

The Eagle Ford Group of Texas contains estimated means of 8.5 billion barrels of oil, 66 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.9 billion barrels of natural gas liquids, according to a new assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey. This estimate consists of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources in continuous accumulations.

Date published: May 16, 2018

Mapping the Nation's Wind Turbines

There are more than 57,000 wind turbines across the United States, and a new tool allows you to get up close and personal with each one!

Date published: April 19, 2018

U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of Energy Release Online Public Dataset and Viewer of U.S. Wind Turbine Locations and Characteristics

Today, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in partnership with DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the American Wind Energy Association, released the United States Wind Turbine Database (USWTDB) and the USWTDB Viewer to access this new public dataset.

Date published: March 8, 2018

Modern Perspective on Gas Hydrates

After lying hidden in sediments for thousands of years, delicate frozen gas structures are in the spotlight for both scientific research and the national interest. These structures, known as gas hydrate, are being investigated by scientists the world over for their possible contributions to the global energy mix, as well as their potential interaction with the environment.

Date published: February 23, 2018

USGS in South Korea

 For several years, KIGAM, the Korean Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, has hosted an international program for geoscience resources (IS-Geo).  The IS-Geo program draws together federal and private-sector professionals from the international community to discuss a range of specific geoscience and mineral topics.

Date published: December 22, 2017

Re-Assessing Alaska's Energy Frontier

Less than 80 miles from Prudhoe Bay, home to the giant oil fields that feed the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, lies the site of USGS’ latest oil and gas assessment: the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska and adjacent areas. Managed by the Bureau of Land Management, the NPR-A covers 22.8 million acres, more than the entire state of South Carolina.

Date published: October 26, 2017

Geologic Groundwork-How USGS Coal Assessments Assist EIA's Coal Forecasts

It is difficult to overstate the importance of energy to the American economy.  Managing this vital sector depends on knowing how many energy resources we have, how many we use and need, and how these resources are transported

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