Energy Resources Program


The Energy Resources Program conducts research and assessments to advance the understanding of the Nation’s energy resources. We study processes critical to the formation, accumulation, occurrence and alteration of geologically based energy resources; prepare resource assessments; and evaluate the environmental and socioeconomic effects of energy resource occurrence, production and use.

Our Science

Our Science

Understanding the national and global availability of resources as well as the environmental impacts of their development is essential for strategic decision making related to the nation’s energy mix.

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The Energy Quarterly

The Energy Quarterly

This quarterly newsletter highlights the latest Energy Resources Program research, activities, publications, and information resources available from our website and other sources.  Read & Subscribe Today!

Current Newsletter


Date published: September 28, 2021

USGS Estimates 306 Billion Cubic Feet of Recoverable Helium in the United States

The natural gas reservoirs of the United States contain an estimated 306 billion cubic feet of recoverable helium, according to a new report from the U.S. Geological Survey. This is the first-ever estimate of recoverable helium resources from the USGS.

Date published: July 13, 2021

New Study Helps Wind Industry, Wildlife Managers Identify Risks to Certain Raptors from Collisions with Wind Turbines

A recent U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Oklahoma State University study shows not all raptor species are equally impacted by collisions with wind turbines. Of 14 species studied, five are at risk of population declines due to collisions.

Date published: June 15, 2021

Recent Publications: Energy Quarterly Spring 2021


Featured article in Spring 2021 Edition of the Energy Quarterly Newsletter.


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Year Published: 2021

Machine learning can assign geologic basin to produced water samples using major ion geochemistry

Understanding the geochemistry of waters produced during petroleum extraction is essential to informing the best treatment and reuse options, which can potentially be optimized for a given geologic basin. Here, we used the US Geological Survey’s National Produced Waters Geochemical Database (PWGD) to determine if major ion chemistry could be used...

Shelton, Jenna L.; Jubb, Aaron M.; Saxe, Samuel; Attanasi, Emil D.; Milkov, Alexei; Engle, Mark A; Freeman, Philip A.; Shaffer, Christopher; Blondes, Madalyn S.

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Year Published: 2021

Compositional evolution of organic matter in Boquillas Shale across a thermal gradient at the single particle level

The molecular composition of petroliferous organic matter and its compositional evolution throughout thermal maturation provides insight for understanding petroleum generation. This information is critical for understanding hydrocarbon resources in unconventional reservoirs, as source rock organic matter is highly dispersed, in contact...

Birdwell, Justin E.; Jubb, Aaron M.; Hackley, Paul C.; Hatcherian, Javin J.

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Year Published: 2021

National assessment of helium resources within known natural gas reservoirs

Using available data, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated that 306 billion cubic feet of recoverable helium is presently within the known geologic natural gas reservoirs of the United States.

Brennan, Sean T.; Rivera, Jennifer L.; Varela, Brian A.; Park, Andy J.
Brennan, S.T., Rivera, J.L., Varela, B.A., and Park, A.J., 2021, National assessment of helium resources within known natural gas reservoirs: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5085, 5 p.,