What are Landsat Collection 2 Full Resolution Browse Images?

Similar to Landsat Collection 1 LandsatLook Images, the Landsat Collection 2 Full Resolution Browse Images are .JPG and .TIF images with geographic referencing that are compressed and stretched to create an image optimized for image selection and visual interpretation. They are derived from Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 data and are available to download from EarthExplorer (earthexplorer.usgs.gov).

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What is the naming convention for Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 and Level-2 scenes?

The naming convention for Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 products remains the same as in Collection 1 . While most of Landsat Collection 2 scenes are produced to both Surface Reflectance (SR) and Surface Temperature (ST), a small number of scenes cannot be processed to ST due to missing auxiliary data. The naming convention of Landsat Collection 2...

How do Landsat Collection 2 Level-2 products compare with products from Collection 1?

Landsat Collection 2 Level-2 Surface Reflectance and Surface Temperature products are scene-based, are produced within the standard processing system, and are made available to download directly from EarthExplorer (earthexplorer.usgs.gov). In comparison, Landsat Collection 1 Level-2 products are only available via on-demand processing (Surface...

Why are the fill values and scaling factors of Landsat Collection 2 Level-2 products different from those products in Collection 1?

The fill values and scale factors of Landsat Collection 2 Level-2 products were updated to be consistent with that of Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 data, while using the unsigned integer data type more efficiently. As shown in the table below, the fill value of the Surface Reflectance and Surface Temperature bands were changed from “-9999” in...

How do I search and download Landsat Collection 2 data products?

Search Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 and Level-2 products using EarthExplorer (earthexplorer.usgs.gov), which is the primary portal used to search all data held in the USGS EROS archives . While Landsat Collection 2 products are processed and stored in the USGS Cloud Hosting Solution (CHS) environment, downloads are managed through EarthExplorer...

Why are some Landsat browse images black?

Black browse images are night (ascending) scenes, which are occasionally acquired for WRS-2 rows 123 to 246. Ascending scenes are available to download. Learn more: How to search and download ascending Landsat scenes

Why is there so much color variation among the Landsat browse images?

A custom color stretch is performed on the images, based on individual scene content. Scenes from within the same area and/or acquisition date might vary in band content (due to differences such as cloud content or ground moisture). This differing content will cause variation in the results of the color stretch. Pixelation is an artifact of the...
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Date published: December 1, 2020

EROS Releases Collection 2, Boosting Cloud Access, Accuracy, Value of Landsat Archive

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center is pleased to announce the December release of Landsat Collection 2, the most significant upgrade to the Landsat archive to date.

Date published: March 17, 2020

Landsat Data Moving to Public Cloud in Early 2020

The USGS is placing a copy of its consolidated Landsat global data inventory into a commercial cloud in early 2020.

Date published: March 24, 2017

New “Landsat Collections” Help Facilitate Land Change Science

Access to consistent high-quality images to study changes on Earth’s surface is getting easier. The USGS Landsat standard (Level-1) product inventory is now structured by data quality and offers improved calibration. Data designated as Tier 1 provide the highest accuracy and can be reliably used to analyze changes to Earth’s surface over time.

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December 31, 2017

Landsat Collections

Landsat Collections: Providing a Stable Environmental Record for Time Series Analysis

This video introduces the new U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat Collection 1 inventory structure. Collection 1 required the reprocessing of all archived Landsat data to achieve radiometric and geometric consistency of Level-1 products through time and across all Landsat sensors

Example of the Landsat Collection 2 products
May 3, 2013

Example of the Landsat Collection 2 products

Example of the Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 and Level-2 sample products from path 140 row 41, acquired on May 3, 2013. Left: Level-1 Top of Atmosphere. Middle: Level-2 Surface Reflectance. Right: Level-2 Surface Temperature.

Read more about Landsat Collection 2 in the

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Attribution: Land Resources
Example of Landsat Collection 2 Surface Reflectance
May 3, 2013

Example of Landsat Collection 2 Surface Reflectance

Example of the Landsat Collection 2 Surface Reflectance science product.

ORIGIN = "Image courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey"
DIGITAL_OBJECT_IDENTIFIER = "https://doi.org/10.5066/F78S4MZJ"
LANDSAT_PRODUCT_ID = "LC08_L2SP_140041_20130503_20190828_02_T1"

Attribution: Land Resources
Example of Landsat Collection 2 Surface Reflectance
May 3, 2013

Example of Landsat Collection 2 Surface Reflectance

Example of the Landsat Collection 2 Surface Reflectance science product.

ORIGIN = "Image courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey"
DIGITAL_OBJECT_IDENTIFIER = "https://doi.org/10.5066/F78S4MZJ"
LANDSAT_PRODUCT_ID = "LC08_L2SP_140041_20130503_20190828_02_T1"

Attribution: Land Resources
Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 and Level-2 examples
October 6, 2010

Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 and Level-2 examples

Example of the Landsat Collection 2 Level-1 and Level-2 products for an area over Bremerton, Washington, path 47 row 27 acquired on October 6, 2010. Left: Landsat 5 Collection 2 Top of Atmosphere reflectance image (bands 4,3,2), Middle: Landsat 5 Collection 2 atmospherically corrected surface reflectance image, Right:Surface Temperature.

Visit the

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Attribution: Land Resources
L8 Collection 2 Full Resolution Browse Samples: Reflective, Thermal, and Quality Band

Collection 2 Full Resolution Browse Samples

These images are examples of Landsat Collection 2 Full Resolution Browse images. From left to right:  Reflective browse image, Thermal browse image, and Quality Band browse image. Images created from Landsat 8 data (Path 27 Row 27) acquired October 24, 2015. 

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Landsat Collection 1 vs Collection 2 TIRS Striping Comparison

Landsat Collection 1 vs Collection 2 TIRS Striping Comparison

This image illustrates the reduction in striping for a sample TIRS Band 10 image acquired on Dec 26, 2019.The image on the left was processed with Collection-1 and the image on the right was processed with Collection-2.

Both images are scaled to the same radiometric range. The reduction in the level of striping is clear across the relatively uniform water body.