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Below is a list of available MMFS data releases.

DNA sequences from Ichthyophonid parasites

Data included are DNA sequences used to identify species boundaries among Ichthyophonus-like parasites. Sequences were generated for three gene regions from each parasite isolate. DNA sequences can be downloaded from GenBank ( as text or fasta files. Accession numbers for each sequence are included in the data table (.csv file). Data includes 87 sequences (99,383 tota

Survey of viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus in Pacific herring throughout the North Pacific Ocean

Throughout a 20-year biosurveillance period, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus was isolated in low titers from only 6 / 7,355 opportunistically sampled adult Pacific herring, reflecting the typical endemic phase of the disease when the virus persists covertly. However, more focused surveillance efforts identified the presence of disease hot spots occurring among juvenile life history stages from

Laboratory challenge of Pacific herring Clupea pallasii to Vibrio anguillarum and V. ordallii

Controlled waterborne exposures of Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) to Vibrio anguillarum and V. ordalii failed to result in overt signs of disease or mortality from vibriosis. Cumulative mortalities among Vibrio - exposed Pacific herring (3.3 - 5.0 percent) were similar to those of saline-exposed negative controls (10 percent) and significantly less (P less than 0.001) than those of Vibrio - exp