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Surficial geology and Quaternary fault map of the Las Vegas Valley, Clark County, Nevada

June 1, 2024

The Surficial Geology and Quaternary Fault Map of the Las Vegas Valley, Clark County, Nevada is a 1:50,000-scale compilation of published 1:24,000-scale geologic maps integrated with new field and desktop mapping. This geologic map compilation and GIS database are part of a broader study on the Quaternary faults in the Las Vegas Valley, the results of which are summarized in this report. The map compilation utilized a variety of digital base maps to evaluate the characteristics of surficial deposits and Quaternary fault scarps including lidar data in undeveloped parts of the valley and orthorectified historical aerial photos in the urbanized center of the valley. The map distinguishes twenty surficial map units including alluvial-fan and ephemeral-wash deposits, groundwater discharge deposits of the Las Vegas Formation, and alluvium deposits of Las Vegas Wash. Quaternary faults include the Quaternary Las Vegas Valley fault system in the center of the valley and the Frenchman Mountain fault system along the eastern margin. All Quaternary fault traces in the valley were evaluated, and the previously published fault mapping was modified as needed. The new mapping and uniform correlation of surficial deposits displaced by Quaternary faults yields a consistent valley-wide characterization of the recency of fault activity. The map and GIS database include a Quaternary geochronology compilation of 119 previously published surficial deposit ages of various types, 35 new luminescence ages, and 3 new radiocarbon ages. The new age data further bracket the ages of the Las Vegas basin Quaternary stratigraphy and provide new constraints on the timing of Quaternary fault activity.

Publication Year 2024
Title Surficial geology and Quaternary fault map of the Las Vegas Valley, Clark County, Nevada
Authors Seth Dee, Alan R. Ramelli, Craig M dePolo, Shannon A. Mahan
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype State or Local Government Series
Series Title Map
Series Number 193
Index ID 70255676
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center