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Spectral Bandpasses for all Landsat Sensors

Detailed Description

This image shows the spectral bandpasses for the sensors on all Landsat satellites. 

  • Landsat 1-5 Multispectral Scanner System (MSS): the sensor onboard each satellite acquired data in four spectral bands in the visible and near infrared spectrums
  • Landsat 4 and Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM): the sensor onboard each satellite acquired data in seven spectral bands, and included shortwave infrared and thermal data
  • Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+): acquired data in a total of eight spectral bands, including a 15-meter panchromatic band
  • Landsat 8 and Landsat 9 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and the Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS): the sensors onboard each satellite acquire data in a total of eleven bands, including:
    • Band 1 – “Coastal / Aerosol Band”: helps scientists measure ocean color in coastal regions and is also useful for aerosol detection
    • Band 9 – “Cirrus Band”: For measuring light in the part of the electromagnetic spectrum where the clouds are most visible for enhanced cloud and shadow detection
    • Bands 10 and 11 thermal bands for measuring thermal infrared radiation
  • Landsat Next increases the acquisition of data in the number of bands drastically, with a total of 26 spectral bands acquired by each satellite in the triplet constellation. 

*Landsat MSS = the numbers shown are for Landsat 4 and Landsat 5; Landsat 1-3 band numbers are 4, 5, 6 and 7.


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