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Diet of the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in Belize, Central America

April 7, 2017

Belize contains important habitat for Antillean manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus) and provides refuge for the highest known population density of this subspecies. As these animals face impending threats, knowledge of their dietary habits can be used to interpret resource utilization. The contents of 13 mouth, 6 digestive tract (stomach, duodenum and colon), and 124 fecal samples were microscopically examined using a modified point technique detection protocol to identify key plant species consumed by manatees at two important aggregation sites in Belize: Southern Lagoon and the Drowned Cayes. Overall, 15 different items were identified in samples from manatees in Belize. Five species of seagrasses (Halodule wrightii, Thalassia testudinum, Ruppia maritima, Syringodium filiforme, and Halophila sp.) made up the highest percentage of items. The red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle), was also identified as an important food item. Algae (Ulva sp., Chara sp., Lyngbya sp.) and invertebrates (sponges and diatoms) were also consumed. Variation in the percentage of seagrasses, other vascular plants, and algae consumption was analyzed as a 4-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) with main effects and interactions for locality, sex, size classification, and season. While sex and season did not influence diet composition, differences for locality and size classification were observed. These results suggest that analysis of diet composition of Antillean manatees may help to determine critical habitat and use of associated food resources which, in turn can be used to aid conservation efforts in Belize.

Publication Year 2018
Title Diet of the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus) in Belize, Central America
DOI 10.1017/S0025315417000182
Authors Aarin Conrad Allen, Cathy A. Beck, Robert K. Bonde, James A. Powell, Nicole Auil Gomez
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Index ID 70186714
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Wetland and Aquatic Research Center