Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Distribution and abundance of Least Bell’s Vireos (Vireo bellii pusillus) and Southwestern Willow Flycatchers (Empidonax traillii extimus) at the Mojave River Dam, San Bernardino County, California—2021 Data summary

January 21, 2022

Executive Summary

We surveyed for Least Bell’s Vireos (Vireo bellii pusillus; vireo) and Southwestern Willow Flycatchers (Empidonax traillii extimus; flycatcher) at the Mojave River Dam study area near Hesperia, California, in 2021. Four vireo surveys were conducted between April 16 and July 16, 2021, and three flycatcher surveys were conducted between May 27 and July 16, 2021.

We detected four territorial male vireos, including two that were paired and two with undetermined breeding status. No juveniles were observed during surveys. Vireo territories were found in three habitat types: (1) riparian scrub, (2) willow-cottonwood, and (3) willow-sycamore, with willow-cottonwood being the most commonly recorded habitat type. Red or arroyo willow (Salix laevigata or lasiolepis) was the dominant plant species in most vireo territories.

No territorial or transient flycatchers were observed.

Related Content