The objective of the work presented in this report is to develop equations that can be used to extend the base flow record at multiple partial-record streamgaging stations at Acadia National Park in eastern coastal Maine based on nearby continuous-record streamgaging stations. Daily mean streamflow values at U.S. Geological Survey continuous-record streamgaging station Otter Creek near Bar Harbor, Maine (station 01022840) had stronger correlations with instantaneous measurements during base flow conditions from 2006 to 2020 at 14 partial-record streamgaging stations at Acadia National Park than the other four continuous-record streamgaging stations tested for use as index stations. Index stations are continuous-record stations on hydrologically similar streams that have the potential to be used to extend the record at the partial-record station. Base flow is that part of streamflow that is sustained primarily by groundwater discharge. It is not attributable to direct precipitation or melting snow. Five of the partial-record stations had strong correlations with Otter Creek (correlation coefficient greater than 0.90) and relatively low root mean square errors (from 0.04 to 0.19). An additional four partial-record stations had fair correlations with Otter Creek (correlation coefficient from 0.79 to 0.9) and relatively low root mean square errors (from 0.05 to 0.19). For these 10 stations, maintenance of variance extension type 1 (MOVE.1) record extension equations computed in this report provide a reasonable method for extending the partial record, estimating summer monthly means and medians, and estimating daily mean streamflow values at these sites on days with no streamflow (discharge) measurements. Four of the partial-record stations have weak correlations (less than 0.78) or high root mean square error values (greater than 9) or both, indicating that record extension techniques are not appropriate for these partial-record stations using currently  available data.
|Title||Estimating streamflow for base flow conditions at partial-record streamgaging stations at Acadia National Park, Maine|
|Authors||Pamela J. Lombard|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Scientific Investigations Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||New England Water Science Center|