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Ferromanganese crusts and nodules, rocks that grow

December 5, 2016

Ferromanganese (Fe-Mn) crusts and nodules are marine sed- imentary mineral deposits, composed mostly of iron and manganese oxides. They precipitate very slowly from seawa- ter, or for nodules also from deep-sea sediment pore waters, recording the chemical signature of these source waters as they grow. Additional elements incorporate via sorption pro- cesses onto the Fe-Mn oxides, including rare and valuable metals that can reach concentrations that are economically valuable.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2016
Title Ferromanganese crusts and nodules, rocks that grow
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-39193-9_101-1
Authors Kira Mizell, James R. Hein
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 70185638
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center