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Mississippi Alluvial Valley Forest-breeding landbird population & quantitative habitat objectives

September 30, 2020

The Mississippi Alluvial Valley (MAV) is a 9 million ha (22-million-acre) floodplain that supports a diverse and ecologically rich bottomland hardwood forest ecosystem – one of the most productive in North America. It extends from roughly Cape Girardeau, Missouri, to the Gulf of Mexico and features a mosaic of ridges, swales, meander belts, and backswamps. Small changes in elevation (<1 foot) in the MAV are associated with large shifts in hydrology, which in turn, strongly affect plant and animal community composition and structure. The resultant diversity contributes to a fertile and productive floodplain. General forest types in the MAV include: Oak-gum-cypress (41%), elm-ash-cottonwood (29%), oakhickory (17%), and the remainder is other forest types (Oswalt 2013). Within the oak-gum-cypress and elm-ash-cottonwood categories, sugarberry-hackberry-elm-green ash and sweetgum-Nuttall oak-willow oak forest types account for close to one-half of MAV bottomland forest acreage, while baldcypress-tupelo forests are about 16 percent (Oswalt 2013). Although we emphasize bottomland hardwood habitat and associated bird species, this planning effort includes analyses based upon all forest types within the MAV. Hence, the term ‘forest’ refers to all forest types in the MAV.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2020
Title Mississippi Alluvial Valley Forest-breeding landbird population & quantitative habitat objectives
Authors Dean W. Demarest, Blaine Elliott, Robert Ford, David Hanni, S. Keith McKnight, Anne E. Mini, Daniel J. Twedt, R. Randy Wilson
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype Other Report
Index ID 70222425
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Eastern Ecological Science Center