Acid deposition, more commonly known as acid rain, occurs when emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) react in the atmosphere with water, oxygen, and oxidants to form various acidic compounds. Prevailing winds transport the acidic compounds hundreds of miles, often across state and national borders. These acidic compounds then fall to earth in either a wet form (rain, snow, and fog) or a dry form (gases, aerosols, and particles). At certain levels, the acidic compounds, including small particles such as sulfates and nitrates, can cause many negative human health and environmental effects.
|Title||National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Report to Congress: An integrated assessment|
|Authors||Douglas A. Burns, Mark E. Fenn, Jill Baron, Jason A. Lynch, Bernard J. Cosby|
|Publication Subtype||Federal Government Series|
|Series Title||The National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Fort Collins Science Center|