Mangroves and saltmarshes coexist in the intertidal wetlands of many temperate and subtropical coastlines. In these settings, mangroves may be close to physiological limits of tolerance in relation to a range of environmental variables, including temperature, salinity, aridity, and inundation frequency. Changes in the distribution of mangrove and saltmarsh might thereby provide insights into the effects of Apodasmia similisclimatic variability over a range of timescales. Two regional case studies are presented in detail. In southern USA, mangrove–saltmarsh interactions are influenced by frost frequency. In southeastern Australia and New Zealand, widespread encroachment of mangrove into saltmarsh has been linked to relative sea level rise. The implications of these trends are discussed in the context of anticipated increases in temperature and sea level over the coming centuries.
|Title||The shifting saltmarsh-mangrove ecotone in Australasia and the Americas|
|Authors||Neil Saintilan, Kerrylee Rogers, Karen L. McKee|
|Publication Type||Book Chapter|
|Publication Subtype||Book Chapter|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Wetland and Aquatic Research Center|