Surficial geological tools in fluvial geomorphology: Chapter 2
Increasingly, environmental scientists are being asked to develop an understanding of how rivers and streams have been altered by environmental stresses, whether rivers are subject to physical or chemical hazards, how they can be restored, and how they will respond to future environmental change. These questions present substantive challenges to the discipline of fluvial geomorphology, especially since decades of geomorphologic research have demonstrated the general complexity of fluvial systems. It follows from the concept of complex response that synoptic and short-term historical views of rivers will often give misleading understanding of future behavior. Nevertheless, broadly trained geomorphologists can address questions involving complex natural systems by drawing from a tool box that commonly includes the principles and methods of geology, hydrology, hydraulics, engineering, and ecology.
|Surficial geological tools in fluvial geomorphology: Chapter 2
|Robert B. Jacobson, James E. O'Connor, Takashi Oguchi
|USGS Publications Warehouse
|Columbia Environmental Research Center