Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Use of behavioral avoidance testing in natural resource damage assessment

November 1, 2016

Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) provisions established under federal and state statutes enable natural resource trustees to recover compensation from responsible parties to restore injured natural resources. Behavioral avoidance testing with fish has been used in NRDAs to determine injuries to natural resources and to establish restoration thresholds. In this manuscript we evaluate the use of avoidance testing to NRDA. Specifically, we discuss potential “acceptance criteria” to evaluate the applicability and relevance of avoidance testing. These acceptance criteria include: (1) regulatory relevance, (2) reproducibility of testing, (3) ecological significance, (4) quality assurance/quality control, and (5) relevance to restoration. We discuss each of these criteria with respect to avoidance testing. Overall, we conclude that avoidance testing can be an appropriate, defensible, and desirable aspect of an NRDA.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1996
Title Use of behavioral avoidance testing in natural resource damage assessment
DOI 10.1520/STP11717S
Authors J. Lipton, E. E. Little, J.C.A. Marr, A. J. DeLonay
Publication Type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Series Title ASTM Symposium on Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment
Index ID 70179267
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Columbia Environmental Research Center