Mission Areas

Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program

Programs L2 Landing Page

The Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program (GWSIP) is one of four Water Investigations Programs funded by Congress to identify, measure, and assess the Nation’s water resources. The GWSIP is the principal USGS Program for monitoring groundwater and streamflow, including floods and droughts, related to groundwater resources at the regional/national scales.

News

Image shows a map of Florida with USGS groundwater monitoring stations
January 24, 2018

At 12:32 am Alaska time on January 23, 2018, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake shook Alaska residents out of their beds and set off fears of a tsunami all down the West Coast. Fortunately, the tsunami was only a few inches in height, but within an hour of the earthquake in Alaska, waves of a different sort were hitting far away in Florida. 

This is an example of a USGS storm-tide sensor
October 7, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Nate, visit the USGS Hurricane Nate page at https://www.usgs.gov/nate. 

Stan Musial bridge in St. Louis, Missouri
October 5, 2017

A new assessment of channel bed erosion near 13 highway bridges in the greater St. Louis, Missouri, area is now available in an online report from the U.S. Geological Survey, produced in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Transportation.

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USGS biologist with rainbow trout from the Big Wood River, Idaho
Date Published: August 8, 2017
Status: Active

Blaine County’s population nearly quadrupled from about 5,700 to 22,000 people between 1970 and 2010. Residents and resource managers of the Wood River Valley of south-central Idaho are concerned about the potential effects that population growth and the expected increased demand for water might have on the quantity and quality of the valley’s ground and surface waters. Increased water use has...

Contacts: Dorene MacCoy
National Groundwater Awareness Week
Date Published: April 20, 2016

Science to discover and describe the location, condition, and behavior of water in the ground.

USGS science for a changing world logo
Date Published: March 12, 2016

These assessments will document the effects of human activities on water levels, groundwater storage, and discharge to streams and other surface-water bodies; explore climate variability impacts on the regional water budget; and evaluate the adequacy of data networks to assess impacts at a regional scale.

USGS science for a changing world logo
Date Published: March 12, 2016

At the core of NSIP will be a set of USGS-funded streamgages strategically positioned across the country that are continuously operated to fulfill five Federal needs for streamflow information. These will be a permanent set of core streamgages from which streamflow information would be delivered in real time, uncompromised by changing support from funding partners.

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USGS science for a changing world logo
March 12, 2016

Groundwater Level Data

Measurements of groundwater levels from wells are used to monitor changes in groundwater conditions due to climate variability and withdrawals (pumping). The GWRP has supported the development of a Groundwater Climate-Response Network, a network of wells selected to illustrate the response of the groundwater system to climate variations nationwide.

USGS science for a changing world logo
March 12, 2016

Geophysical Methods & Applications

USGS conducts research into new and emerging geophysical methods and applications for groundwater investigations. Near-surface geophysical techniques can be used to rapidly and effectively characterize the shallow subsurface and to monitor hydrologic and remediation processes in ways not previously possible with standard technology.

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Screenshot of Irma water footprint on a map
September 14, 2017

Hurricane Irma, the most intense hurricane observed in the Atlantic in the last decade, approached the west coast of Florida on September 10th, 2017. This animation shows the precipitation and river conditions through time as Irma moved over the southeastern United States.

Screenshot of Harvey water footprint on a map
September 5, 2017

Active visualization of Hurricane Harvey's water footprint as it approached the Texas coast (Aug 25 - Aug 30, 2017)

Flood Map View
August 31, 2017

Current stream conditions and NWS forecast stream conditions.

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USGS science for a changing world logo
March 12, 2016

Hydrologic modeling and analysis tools are important components of NAWQA studies. The types of modeling and analysis tools that play a large role in NAWQA include: Statistical models and analyses, Geographic information system (GIS) analyses, Process-based models, and Hybrid statistical, GIS, and process-based models.

Screenshot of the software FLASH
March 7, 2011

FLASH (Flow-Log Analysis of Single Holes) is a computer program for the analysis of borehole vertical flow logs.

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2017 (approx.)

Before a hurricane, USGS Scientists undertake a data collection effort of a grand scale. They install a temporary mobile network of sensors along the coasts to collect additional data on the intensity of storm surge, one of the most dangerous elements of a hurricane. This effort provides critical information that allows various USGS partners and emergency responders to make better informed decisions during and after these extreme weather events. https://www.usgs.gov/hurricanes

2017 (approx.)

The Arizona Water Science Center details the history and development of the Continuous Slope-Area Method. Learn about the people and events that began these new advances in the field of stream gaging. 

Music Artist: Glenn Jones, “Bergen County Farewell”. CC License. Music provided by www.FreeMusicArchive.com

2017 (approx.)

The Arizona Water Science Center demonstrates new methods in Reach-Scale Monitoring to improve accuracy and measurability of high flow events. By installing pressure transducers and using LiDAR to measure topography data, hydrologists are able to simulate flows with two dimensional models which will help better calibrate stream gages. These advances have potential to aid in gathering important hydrologic data in hard to access locations.

Filmed and Edited by Corey Shaw
Music Aritst: Cory Gray, “Technological 1-5”. 
Music provided by www.FreeMusicArchive.com
http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Cory_Gray/Music_For_Film__TV/Technological_1

March 11, 2017

Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center, Davie Office, supported Broward County Watter Matters Day on March 11, 2017 as part of an outreach event to the public.
http://www.broward.org/WaterMatters/Pages/ProgramsWMD.aspx

2016 (approx.)

This video demonstrates how to measure total well depth below land surface using a weighted, graduated steel tape.

2016 (approx.)

This video will provide a brief history and purpose for one of the oldest streamgages in Indiana. The gage is at the Wabash River at Lafayette, Indiana. The site number is 03335500. This video was produced at the request of the West Lafayette Parks Department where this historic gage is located. A QR code is displayed on an interpretive plaque next to the gage which is located in a high profile location within a city park adjacent to Purdue University. Park visitors can view a brief video on their smart phone which will educate them on the history of the gage and provide them with information on how to obtain current readings. The USGS WaterAlert text or email notifications is also featured. Our goal is to better educate the public on the importance of USGS streamgages in Indiana and the data we provide to the nation.

Some material in this video is copyrighted and for use by USGS only. Contact Producer for details.

View of the Rio Brazos river with green trees and blue sky as the backdrop.
October 17, 2016

Hydrologic technician Lindsay Hastings took this photo of the Rio Brazos near Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico during her first field trip as a streamgager with the New Mexico Water Science Center. Did you know that New Mexico was the birth place of streamgaging? The USGS began collecting streamflow information in 1889 when the first streamgage was established on the Rio Grande in New Mexico, about 80 miles from where this photo was taken. Streamflow data are used for a variety of reasons including; drought monitoring, flood forecasting, and water-allocation permitting. These data are available to the public and can be found on the NWIS (National Water Information Systems) website.   

Photo of a spring sampling location along Little Sandy River in southern Wyoming.
2016 (approx.)

Spring sampling location along Little Sandy River in southern Wyoming. Groundwater discharge that flows into the Upper Colorado River Basin varies in response to drought, which is likely due to aquifer systems that contain relatively young groundwater, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study

Photo of water quality and sampling equipment deployed at spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado.
2016 (approx.)

Water quality and sampling equipment deployed at spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado. Groundwater discharge that flows into the Upper Colorado River Basin varies in response to drought, which is likely due to aquifer systems that contain relatively young groundwater, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study

Photo of USGS scientist collecting noble gas sample from spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado. 
2016 (approx.)

USGS scientist collects noble gas sample from spring site near Roaring Judy, Colorado. Groundwater discharge that flows into the Upper Colorado River Basin varies in response to drought, which is likely due to aquifer systems that contain relatively young groundwater, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study

Photo of the City of Wichita's Equus Beds Aquifer Storage and Recovery Phase II river intake structure near Sedgwick, Kansas.
2016 (approx.)

The City of Wichita's Equus Beds Aquifer Storage and Recovery Phase II river intake structure near Sedgwick, Kansas. A new USGS study shows that water quality on the Little Arkansas River and in the Equus Beds aquifer has not substantially changed since 2007 recharge activities began in the Equus Beds aquifer.

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Image shows a map of Florida with USGS groundwater monitoring stations
January 24, 2018

At 12:32 am Alaska time on January 23, 2018, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake shook Alaska residents out of their beds and set off fears of a tsunami all down the West Coast. Fortunately, the tsunami was only a few inches in height, but within an hour of the earthquake in Alaska, waves of a different sort were hitting far away in Florida. 

This is an example of a USGS storm-tide sensor
October 7, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Nate, visit the USGS Hurricane Nate page at https://www.usgs.gov/nate. 

Stan Musial bridge in St. Louis, Missouri
October 5, 2017

A new assessment of channel bed erosion near 13 highway bridges in the greater St. Louis, Missouri, area is now available in an online report from the U.S. Geological Survey, produced in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Transportation.

This green disc identifies a USGS High-Water Mark, which was found south of Jacksonville, Florida, September 27, on a canal.
September 28, 2017

Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS field crew as they work in the field to document how high the flood waters and storm surge from Hurricane Irma reached around the Jacksonville, Tampa and Fort Myers Areas?

If so, please contact Jeanne Robbins, jrobbins@usgs.gov, 919-571-4017.  

A screenshot of the Coastal Change hazards portal showing erosion, overwash and inundation potentials along the east coast
September 26, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Maria, visit the USGS Hurricane Maria page at https://www.usgs.gov/maria.

A USGS hydrologic technician installs a Rapid-Deployment Gauge on a bridge in Norfolk, Virginia.
September 22, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Jose, visit the USGS Hurricane Jose page at https://www.usgs.gov/jose.

Aerial view of red dye in the Kootenai River
September 18, 2017

BONNERS FERRY, Idaho — From Sept. 24 through 29, scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey will conduct dye tracer and aerial mapping studies on northern Idaho’s Kootenai River. Data from the studies will support Idaho Department of Fish and Game and Kootenai Tribe of Idaho fisheries and river restoration projects.

USGS scientists J. Alton Anderson and Carole D. Johnson prepare to collect a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) log at a well.
September 13, 2017

Digital borehole geophysical logs and related data files are now easily accessible through GeoLog Locator a new web-based, map view and retrieval tool developed by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS scientist David Rodriguez records high water marks from storm surge following Harvey near Corpus Christi, Texas. 
September 8, 2017

Editor’s note: this news release will be updated online with more information on the streamgage records being set in Texas as it becomes available.

Rivers and streams reached record levels as a result of Hurricane Harvey’s rainfall, with about 40 U.S. Geological Survey streamgages measuring record peaks.

Sensor deployment
September 6, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Irma, visit the USGS Hurricane Irma page.

Satellite image of Hurricane Harvey
August 24, 2017

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Harvey, visit the USGS Hurricane Harvey page.

Storm-tide sensors are being installed at key locations along the Texas Gulf Coast by the U.S. Geological Survey in advance of Hurricane Harvey.

St. John River threatens to swamp a steel bridge.
August 10, 2017

The number of major floods in natural rivers across Europe and North America has not increased overall during the past 80 years, a recent study has concluded. Instead researchers found that the occurrence of major flooding in North America and Europe often varies with North Atlantic Ocean temperature patterns.

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