Daniel Muhs


I study geomorphology, soils and Quaternary stratigraphy to reconstruct paleoclimates over the past two and a half million years of geologic time.  My main study areas are in the central and western USA (Mississippi Valley, Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, desert Southwest, Pacific Coast and Alaska), but I have also worked in the Caribbean, Spain and Israel.  My main interests are in origin and paleoclimatic significance of dune fields, stratigraphy and paleopedology of loess, effects of long-range-transported dust on soils, the atmosphere, oceans and ecosystems, and sea level history.




University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 1977-1980 (Ph.D., Physical geography/Geology)

University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 1973-1975 (M.S., Physical geography/Soil science)

University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 1972-1973 (B.A., Physical geography)

University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 1970-1972 (B.A., English, History)

Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 1968-1970  (English)



Professional experience:

1995-date:  Geologist, Geology and Environmental Change Science Center, USGS, Denver, CO

1985-1995: Geologist, Branch of Isotope Geology, USGS, Denver, CO

1983-1984:  Soil Scientist with USGS while on leave-of-absence with the University of Wisconsin to accept National Research Council Research Associateship, Denver, Colorado. 

1980-1985:  Assistant and Associate Professor of Geography, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI

1978-1980, part-time Soil Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey, Branch of Central Regional Geology.

1977-1979: Instructor (while a Ph.D student), Department of Geography, University of Colorado at Boulder and University of Colorado at Denver

1975-1976:  Soil Scientist, U.S. Soil Conservation Service/Iowa State University 



1.  Johnson, D.L., Muhs, D.R., and Barnhardt, M.L., 1977, The effects of frost heaving on objects in soils, II: Laboratory experiments: Plains Anthropologist, v. 22, p. 133-147.

2.  Muhs, D.R., 1982, The influence of topography on the spatial variability of soils in Mediterranean climates, in Thorn, C.E., ed., Space and Time in Geomorphology: London, George Allen and Unwin, p. 269-284.

3.  Muhs, D.R. and Szabo, B.J., 1982, Uranium-series age of the Eel Point terrace, San Clemente Island, California: Geology, v. 10, p. 23-26.

4.  Muhs, D.R., 1982, A soil chronosequence on Quaternary marine terraces, San Clemente Island, California: Geoderma, v. 28, p. 257-283.

5.  Gillette, D.A., Adams, J., Muhs, D.R., and Kihl, R., 1982, Threshold friction velocities and rupture moduli for crusted desert soils for the input of soil particles into the air: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 87, p. 9003-9015.

6.  Muhs, D.R., 1983, Quaternary sea-level events on northern San Clemente Island, California: Quaternary Research, v. 20, p. 322-341.

7.  Muhs, D.R., 1983, Airborne dust fall on the California Channel Islands, U.S.A.: Journal of Arid Environments, v. 6, p. 223-238.

8.  Muhs, D.R., 1984, Intrinsic thresholds in soil systems: Physical Geography, v. 5, p. 99-110.

9.  Muhs, D.R., Kautz, R., and MacKinnon, J.J., 1985, Soils and the location of cacao orchards at a Maya site in western Belize:  Journal of Archaeological Science, v. 12, p. 121-137.

10.  Muhs, D.R., 1985, Amino acid age estimates of marine terraces and sea levels, San Nicolas Island, California:  Geology, v. 13, p. 58-61.

11.  Muhs, D.R., 1985, Age and paleoclimatic significance of Holocene sand dunes in northeastern Colorado:  Annals of the Association of American Geographers, v. 75, p. 566-582.

12.  Muhs, D.R. and Kennedy, G.L., 1985, An evaluation of uranium-series dating of echinoids from southern California Pleistocene marine terraces:  Marine Geology, v. 67, p. 187-193.

13.  Crittenden, R.C. and Muhs, D.R., 1986, Cliff-height and slope-angle relationships in a chronosequence of marine terraces, San Clemente Island, California:  Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, v. 30, p. 291-301.

14.  Muhs, D.R. and Kyser, T.K., 1987, Stable isotope compositions of fossil mollusks from southern California:  Evidence for a cool last interglacial ocean:  Geology, v. 15, p. 119-122.

15.  Muhs, D.R., Crittenden, R.C., Rosholt, J.N., Bush, C.A., and Stewart, K., 1987, Genesis of marine terrace soils, Barbados, West Indies:  Evidence from mineralogy and geochemistry:  Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 12, p. 605-618.

16.  Muhs, D.R., 1987, Introduction, in Muhs, D.R., ed., Pacific coast and mountain system, in Graf, W.L., ed., Geomorphic Systems of North America: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, Centennial Special Volume 2, p. 517-518.

17.  Muhs, D.R., 1987, Geomorphic processes in the Pacific coast and mountain system of central and southern California, in Muhs, D.R., ed., Pacific coast and mountain system, in Graf, W.L., ed., Geomorphic Systems of North America: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, Centennial Special Volume 2, p. 560-570.

18.  Muhs, D.R., 1987, Conclusions, in Muhs, D.R., ed., Pacific coast and mountain system, in Graf, W.L., ed., Geomorphic Systems of North America: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, Centennial Special Volume 2, p. 570-571.

19.  Muhs, D.R., Rosholt, J.N. and Bush, C.A., 1989, The uranium-trend dating method: Principles and application to southern California marine terrace deposits:  Quaternary International, v. 1, p. 19-34.

20.  Rockwell, T.K., Muhs, D.R., Kennedy, G.L., Hatch, M.E., Wilson, S.M., and Klinger, R.E., 1989, Uranium-series ages, faunal correlations and tectonic deformation of marine terraces within the Agua Blanca fault zone at Punta Banda, northern Baja California, Mexico, in Abbott, P.L., ed., Geologic Studies in Baja California:  Los Angeles, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (Pacific Section), Book 63, p. 1-16.

21.  Fitzpatrick,  J.J. and Muhs, D.R., 1989, Borax in the supraglacial moraine of the Lewis Cliff, Buckley Island quadrangle--First Antarctic occurrence:  Antarctic Journal of the United States, v. 24, p. 63-65.

22.  Fitzpatrick, J.J., Muhs, D.R., and Jull, A.J.T., 1990, Saline minerals in the Lewis Cliff Ice Tongue, Buckley Island quadrangle, Antarctica:  Contributions to Antarctic Research I, Antarctic Research Series (American Geophysical Union), v. 50, p. 57-69.

23.  Muhs, D.R., Kelsey, H.M., Miller, G.H., Kennedy, G.L., Whelan, J.F., and McInelly, G.W., 1990, Age estimates and uplift rates for late Pleistocene marine terraces: Southern Oregon portion of the Cascadia forearc:  Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 6685-6698.

24.  Muhs, D.R., Bush, C.A., Stewart, K.C., and Rowland, T.R., 1990, Geochemical evidence of Saharan dust parent material for soils developed on Quaternary limestones of Caribbean and western Atlantic islands:  Quaternary Research, v. 33, p. 157-177.

25.  Muhs, D.R., Bush, C.A., and Rosholt, J.N., 1990, Uranium-series disequilibrium in Quaternary soils:  Significance for 222Rn hazard assessment, in Doe, B., ed., Proceedings of a U.S. Geological Survey Workshop on Environmental Geochemistry:  U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1033, p. 39-44.

26.  Stuckless, J.S., Peterman, Z.E., and Muhs, D.R., 1991, U and Sr isotopes in ground water and calcite, Yucca Mountain, Nevada:  Evidence against upwelling water:  Science, v. 254, p. 551-554.

27.  Muhs, D.R., 1991, Amino acid dating of fossil mollusks, in Rosholt, J.N., ed., Dating methods applicable to the Quaternary, in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary nonglacial geology; Conterminous U.S.:  Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, v. K-2, p. 65-68.

28.  Ludwig, K.R., Muhs, D.R., Simmons, K.R., and Moore, J.G., 1992, Sr-isotope record of Quaternary marine terraces on the California coast and off Hawaii:  Quaternary Research, v. 37, p. 267-280.

29.  Muhs, D.R., Rockwell, T.K., and Kennedy, G.L., 1992, Late Quaternary uplift rates of marine terraces on the Pacific coast of North America, southern Oregon to Baja California Sur:  Quaternary International, v 15/16, p. 121-133.

30.  Muhs, D.R., 1992, The last interglacial-glacial transition in North America:  Evidence from uranium-series dating of coastal deposits, in Clark, P.U. and Lea, P.D., eds., The Last Interglacial-Glacial Transition in North America:  Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 270, p. 31-52.

31.  Muhs, D.R., Miller, G.H., Whelan, J.F., and Kennedy, G.L., 1992, Aminostratigraphy and oxygen isotope stratigraphy of marine terrace deposits, Palos Verdes Hills and San Pedro areas, Los Angeles County, California, in Wehmiller, J.F. and Fletcher, C., eds., Quaternary Coasts of the United States: Marine and Lacustrine Systems:  Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication 48, 363-376.

32.  Muhs, D.R., Szabo, B.J., McCartan, L., Maat, P.B., Bush, C.A., and Halley, R.B., 1992, Uranium-series age estimates of corals from Quaternary marine sediments of southern Florida: in Scott, T., and Allmon, W., eds., The Plio-Pleistocene stratigraphy and paleontology of south Florida: Florida Geological Survey Special Publication, no. 36, p. 41-49.

33.  Muhs, D.R., and Maat, P.B., 1993, The potential response of eolian sands to greenhouse warming and precipitation reduction on the Great Plains of the U.S.A.: Journal of Arid Environments, v. 25, P. 351-361.

34.  Muhs, D.R., and Szabo, B.J., 1994, New uranium-series ages of the Waimanalo Limestone, Oahu, Hawaii:  implications for sea level during the last interglacial period:  Marine Geology, v. 118, p. 315-326.

35.  Muhs, D.R., Kennedy, G.L., and Rockwell, T.K., 1994, Uranium-series ages of marine terrace corals from the Pacific coast of North America and implications for last-interglacial sea level history:  Quaternary Research, v. 42, p. 72-87.

36.  Szabo, B.J., Ludwig, K.R., Muhs, D.R., and Simmons, K.R., 1994, Thorium-230 ages of corals and duration of the last interglacial sea-level high stand on Oahu, Hawaii:  Science, v. 266, p. 93-96.

37.  Muhs, D.R., and Holliday, V.T., 1995, Evidence for active dune sand on the Great Plains in the 19th century from accounts of early explorers: Quaternary Research, v. 43, p. 198-208.

38.  Muhs, D.R., Bush, C.A., Cowherd, S.D., and Mahan, S., 1995, Geomorphic and geochemical evidence for the source of sand in the Algodones dunes, Colorado Desert, southeastern California: in Tchakerian, V.P., ed., Desert aeolian processes, London: Chapman & Hall, p. 37-74.

39.  Herwitz, S.R. and Muhs, D.R., 1995, Bermuda solution pipe soils: A geochemical evaluation of eolian parent materials: in Curran, A.H. and White, B., eds., Terrestrial and shallow marine geology of the Bahamas and Bermuda: Geological Society of America Special Paper 300, p. 311-323.

40.  Ludwig, K.R., Muhs, D.R., Simmons, K.R., Halley, R.B., and Shinn, E.A., 1996, Sea level records at ~80 ka from tectonically stable platforms:  Florida and Bermuda:  Geology, v. 24, p. 211-214.

41.  Muhs, D.R., Stafford, T.W., Cowherd, S.D., Mahan, S.A., Kihl, R., Maat, P.B.,  Bush, C.A., and Nehring, J., 1996, Origin of the late Quaternary dune fields of northeastern Colorado: Geomorphology, v. 17, p. 129-149.

42.  Herwitz, S.R., Muhs, D.R., Prospero, J.M., Mahan, S., and Vaughn, B., 1996, Origin of Bermuda’s clay-rich Quaternary paleosols and their paleoclimatic significance:  Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, p. 23,389-23,400.

43.  Muhs, D.R., Stafford, T.W., Jr., Swinehart, J.B., Cowherd, S.D., Mahan, S.A., Bush, C.A., Madole, R.F., and Maat, P.B., 1997, Late Holocene eolian activity in the mineralogically mature Nebraska Sand Hills:  Quaternary Research, v. 48, p. 162-176.

44. Muhs, D.R., Stafford, T.W., Jr., Been, J., Mahan, S.A., Burdett, J., Skipp, G., and Rowland, Z.M., 1997, Holocene eolian activity in the Minot dune field, North Dakota:  Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 34, p. 1442-1459.

45.  Bohlen, S.R., Halley, R.B., Hickman, S.H., Johnson, S.Y., Lowenstern, J.B., Muhs, D.R., Plumlee, G.S., Thompson, G.A., Trauger, D.L., and Zoback, M.L., 1998, Geology for a changing world:  A science strategy for the Geologic Division of the U.S. Geological Survey, 2000-2010:  U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1172, 59 p.

46.  Muhs, D.R., Aleinikoff, J.N., Stafford, T.W., Jr., Kihl, R., Been, J., Mahan, S.A., and Cowherd, S., 1999, Late Quaternary loess in northeastern Colorado: Part I--Age and paleoclimatic significance:  Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 111, p. 1861-1875.

47.  Aleinikoff, J.N., Muhs, D.R., Sauer, R.R., and Fanning, C.M., 1999, Late Quaternary loess in northeastern Colorado: Part II--Pb isotopic evidence for the variability of loess sources:  Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 111, p. 1876-1883.

48.  Muhs, D.R., Swinehart, J.B., Loope, D.B., Aleinikoff, J.N., and Been, J., 1999, 200,000 years of climate change recorded in eolian sediments of the High Plains of eastern Colorado and western Nebraska:  Geological Society of America Field Guide 1, 71-91.

49.  Muhs, D.R., and Wolfe, S.A., 1999, Sand dunes of the northern Great Plains of Canada and the United States:  Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 534, p. 183-197.

50.  Muhs, D.R., Ager, T.A., Been, J.M., Rosenbaum, J.G., and Reynolds, R.L., 2000, An evaluation of methods for identifying and interpreting buried soils in late Quaternary loess in Alaska:  U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1615, p. 127-146.

51.  Muhs, D.R., and Bettis, E.A., III, 2000, Geochemical variations in Peoria loess of western Iowa indicate paleowinds of midcontinental North America during last glaciation:  Quaternary Research, v. 53, p. 49-61.

52.  Muhs, D.R., 2000, Dating marine terraces with relative-age and correlated-age methods, in Noller, J.S., Sowers, J.M., and Lettis, W.R., eds., Quaternary Geochronology, Applications and Methods:  Washington, American Geophysical Union, p. 434-446.

53.  Muhs, D.R., Swinehart, J.B., Loope, D.B., Been, J., Mahan, S.A., and Bush, C.A., 2000, Geochemical evidence for an eolian sand dam across the North and South Platte Rivers in Nebraska:  Quaternary Research, v. 53, p. 214-222.

54.  Arbogast, A.F., and Muhs, D.R., 2000, Geochemical and mineralogical evidence from eolian sediments for northwesterly mid-Holocene paleowinds, central Kansas, U.S.A.:  Quaternary International, v. 67, p. 107-118.

55.  Wolfe, S.A., Muhs, D.R., David, P.P., and McGeehin, J.P., 2000, Chronology and geochemistry of late Holocene eolian deposits in the Brandon Sand Hills, Manitoba, Canada:  Quaternary International, v. 67, p. 61-74.

56.  Muhs, D.R., and Zarate, M., 2001, Eolian records of the Americas and their paleoclimatic significance, in Markgraf, V., ed., Interhemispheric Climate Linkages, San Diego, Academic Press, p. 183-216.

57.  Muhs, D.R., Ager, T.A., and Begét, J.B., 2001, Vegetation and paleoclimate of the last interglacial period, central Alaska: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 20, p. 41-61.

58.  Muhs, D.R. and Holliday, V.T., 2001, Origin of late Quaternary dune fields on the Southern High Plains of Texas and New Mexico: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 113, p. 75-87.

59.  Muhs, D.R., 2001, Evolution of soils on Quaternary reef terraces, Barbados, West Indies: Quaternary Research, v. 56, p. 66-78.

60.  Muhs, D.R., Bettis, E.A., III, Been, J., and McGeehin, J., 2001, Impact of climate and parent material on chemical weathering in loess-derived soils of the Mississippi River Valley: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 65, p. 1761-1777.

61.  McGeehin, J., Burr, G.S., Jull, A.J.T., Reines, D., Gosse, J., Davis, P.T., Muhs, D., and Southon, J.R., 2001, Stepped-combustion 14C dating of sediment: A comparison with established techniques: Radiocarbon, v. 43, p. 255-261.

62.  Muhs, D.R., Simmons, K.R., and Steinke, B., 2002, Timing and warmth of the last interglacial period: New U-series evidence from Hawaii and Bermuda and a new fossil compilation for North America.  Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 21, p. 1355-1383.

63.  Muhs, D.R., Simmons, K.R., Kennedy, G.L., and Rockwell, T.K., 2002, The last interglacial period on the Pacific Coast of North America: Timing and paleoclimate:  Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 114, p. 569-592.

64.  Muhs, D.R., 2002, Evidence for the timing and duration of the last interglacial period from high-precision uranium-series ages of corals on tectonically stable coastlines:  Quaternary Research, v. 58, p. 36-40.

65.  Kukla, G.J., Bender, M.L., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Bond, G., Broecker, W.S., Cleveringa, P., Gavin, J.E., Herbert, T.D., Imbrie, J., Jouzel, J., Keigwin, L.D., Knudsen, K.-L., McManus, J.F., Merkt, J., Muhs, D.R., Müller, H., Poore, R.Z., Porter, S.C., Seret, G., Shackleton, N.J., Turner, C., Tzedakis, P.C., and Winograd, I.J., 2002, Last interglacial climates: Quaternary Research, v. 58, p. 2-13.

66.  Muhs, D.R., Ager, T.A., Bettis, E.A., III, McGeehin, J., Been, J.M., Begét, J.E., Pavich, M.J., Stafford, T.W., Jr., and Stevens, D.S.P., 2003, Stratigraphy and paleoclimatic significance of late Quaternary loess-paleosol sequences of the last interglacial-glacial cycle in central Alaska:  Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 22, p. 1947-1986.

67.  Muhs, D.R., Ager, T.A., Been, J., Bradbury, J.P., and Dean, W.E., 2003, A late Quaternary record of eolian silt deposition in a maar lake, St. Michael Island, western Alaska:  Quaternary Research, v. 60, p. 110-122.

68. Bettis, E.A., III, Muhs, D.R., Roberts, H.M., and Wintle, A.G., 2003, Last glacial loess in the conterminous U.S.A.: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 22, p. 1907-1946.

69.  Muhs, D.R., Reynolds, R., Been, J., and Skipp, G., 2003, Eolian sand transport pathways in the southwestern United States: Importance of the Colorado River and local sources:  Quaternary International, v. 104, p. 3-18.

70.  Muhs, D.R., and Bettis, E.A., III, 2003, Quaternary loess-paleosol sequences as examples of climate-driven sedimentary extremes: Geological Society of America Special Paper 370, p. 53-74.

71.  Roberts, H.M., Muhs, D.R., Wintle, A.G., Duller, G.A.T., and Bettis, E.A., III, 2003, Unprecedented last glacial mass accumulation rates determined by luminescence dating of loess from western Nebraska: Quaternary Research, v. 59, p. 411-419.

72. Harrison, S.P., Kutzbach, J.E., Liu, Z., Bartlein, P.J., Otto-Bliesner, B., Muhs, D., Prentice, I.C., and Thompson, R.S., 2003, Mid-Holocene climates of the Americas: a dynamical response to changed seasonality: Climate Dynamics, v. 20, p. 663-688. 

73. Muhs, D.R., Prentice, C., and Merritts, D.J., 2003, Marine terraces, sea level history and Quaternary tectonics of the San Andreas fault on the coast of California, in: Easterbrook, D., ed., Quaternary Geology of the United States, INQUA 2003 Field Guide Volume, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, p. 1-18.

74.  Busacca, A.J., Begét, J.E., Markewich, H.W., Muhs, D.R., Lancaster, N., and Sweeney, M.R., 2004, Eolian Sediments, in: Gillespie, A.R., Porter, S.C., and Atwater, B.F, eds., The Quaternary Period in the United States: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p.275-309.

75. Muhs, D.R., Wehmiller, J.F., Simmons, K.R., and York, L.L., 2004, Quaternary sea level history of the United States, in: Gillespie, A.R., Porter, S.C., and Atwater, B.F., eds., The Quaternary Period in the United States: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 147-183. 

76. Muhs, D.R., 2004, Mineralogical maturity in dune fields of North America, Africa and Australia: Geomorphology, v. 59, p. 247-269.

77.  Muhs, D.R., McGeehin, J.P., Beann, J., and Fisher, E., 2004, Holocene loess deposition and soil formation as competing processes, Matanuska Valley, southern Alaska: Quaternary Research, v. 61, p. 265-276.

78.  Muhs, D.R., Simmons, K.R., Kennedy, G.L., Ludwig, K.R., and Groves, L.T., 2006, A cool eastern Pacific Ocean at the close of the last interglacial complex, Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 25, p. 235-262.

79.  Muhs, D.R., and Benedict, J.B., 2006, Eolian additions to late Quaternary alpine soils, Indian Peaks Wilderness Area, Colorado Front Range: Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, v. 38, p. 120-130.

80.  Overpeck, J.T., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Miller, G.H., Muhs, D.R., Alley, R.B., and Kiehl, J.T., 2006, Paleoclimatic evidence for future ice-sheet instability and rapid sea-level rise, Science, v. 311, p. 1747-1750.

81.  Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Marshall, S.J., Overpeck, J.T., Miller, G.H., Hu, A., Anderson, P., Bennike, O., Bigelow, N., Brigham-Grette, J., Duvall, M., Edwards, M., Frechette, B., Funder, S., Johnsen, S., Knies, J., Koerner, R., Lozhkin, A., MacDonald, G.,Matthiessen, J., Montoya, M., Muhs, D., Reeh, N., Sejrup, H.P., Turner, C., Velichko, A., 2007, Simulating Arctic climate warmth and icefield retreat in the last interglaciationScience, v. 311, p.1751-1753.

82.  Muhs, D.R., and Budahn, J.R., 2006, Geochemical evidence for the origin of late Quaternary loess in central Alaska: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 43, p. 323-337.

83. Mahowald, N., Muhs, D.R., Levis, S., Yoshioka, M., Zender, C., and Rasch, P., 2006, Change in atmospheric mineral aerosols in response to climate: Last glacial period, pre-industrial, modern and doubled carbon dioxide climates: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, D10202, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006653.

84. Muhs, D.R., 2007, Loess deposits, origins, and properties, in: Elias, S. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Sciences: Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 1405-1418.

85. Muhs, D.R., 2007, Paleosols and wind-blown sediments: Overview, in: Elias, S. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Sciences: Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 2075–2086.

86. Roberts, H.M., Muhs, D.R., and Bettis, E.A. III, 2007, Loess records: North America, in: Elias, S. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Sciences: Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 1456-1466.

87. Sun, J., and Muhs, D.R., 2007, Dune fields: Mid-latitudes, in: Elias, S. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Sciences: Amsterdam: Elsevier, p.607-626.

88. Overpeck, J.T., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Miller, G.H., Alley, R.B., Muhs, D.R., and Marshall, S.J., 2006, Ice sheets and sea level: response: Science, v. 313, p. 1043a.

89. Muhs, D.R., and Budahn, J.R., 2006, Reply to the discussion by F. Lagroix and S.K. Banerjee of "Geochemical evidence for the origin of late Quaternary loess in central Alaska": Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 43, p. 1891-1895.

90.  Muhs, D.R., Budahn, J., Prospero, J.M., and Carey, S.N., 2007, Geochemical evidence for African dust inputs to soils of western Atlantic islands: Barbados, the Bahamas and Florida: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, F02009, doi:10.1029/2005JF000445.

91.  Muhs, D.R., Budahn, J., Reheis, M., Beann, J., Skipp, G., and Fisher, E., 2007, Airborne dust transport to the eastern Pacific Ocean off southern California: Evidence from San Clemente Island: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, D13203, doi:10.1029/2006JD007577.

92.  Sun, J., Li, S.-H., Muhs, D.R., and Li, B., 2007, Loess sedimentation in Tibet: provenance, processes, and link with Quaternary glaciations: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 26, p. 2265-2280.

93. Jansen, EysteinOverpeck, JonathanBriffa, Keith RDuplessy, Jean-ClaudeJoos, FortunatMasson-Delmotte, ValerieOlago, DanielOtto-Bliesner, BettePeltier, W RichardRahmstorf, StefanRamesh, RengaswamyRaynaud, DominiqueRind, DavidSolomina, OlgaVillalba, RicardoZhang De'erBarnola, Jean-MarcBauer, EvaBrady, EstherChandler, MarkCole, JuliaCook, EdwardCortijo, EslaDokken, TrondFleitmann, DominikKageyama, MasaKhodri, MyriamLabeyrie, Laurent;Laine, AlexandreLevermann, AndersLie, OyvindLoutre, Marie-FranceMatsumoto, KatsumiMonnin, EricMosley-Thompson, EllenMuhs, DanielMuscheler, RaimundOsborn, TimPaasche, OyvindParrenin, FredericPlattner, Gian-KasperPollack, HenrySpahni, RenatoStott, Lowell DThompson, LonnieWaelbroeck, ClaireWiles, GregoryZachos, JamesGuo Zhangteng, 2007, Palaeoclimate, in: Climate change 2007; the physical science basis; contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

94.  Muhs, D.R., Budhan, J., Johnson, D.L., Reheis, M., Beann, J., Skipp, G., Fisher, E., and Jones, J.A., 2008, Geochemical evidence for airborne dust additions to soils in Channel Islands National Park, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 120, p. 106-126.

95.  Muhs, D.R., Ager, T.A., Skipp, G., Beann, J., Budahn, J.R., and McGeehin, J.P., 2008, Paleoclimatic significance of chemical weathering in loess-derived paleosols of subarctic central Alaska: Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, v. 40, p. 396-411.

96.  Muhs, D.R., Bettis, E.A. III, Aleinikoff, J., McGeehin, J.P., Beann, J., Skipp, G., Marshall, B.D., Roberts, H.M., Johnson, W.C., and Benton, R., 2008, Origin and paleoclimatic significance of late Quaternary loess in Nebraska: Evidence from stratigraphy, chronology, sedimentology, and geochemistry: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 120, p. 1378-1407.

97.  Aleinikoff, J.N., Muhs, D.R., Bettis, E.A., III, Johnson, W.C., Fanning, C.M., and Benton, R., 2008, Isotopic evidence for the diversity of late Quaternary loess in Nebraska: Glaciogenic and non-glaciogenic sources: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 120, p. 1362-1377. 

98.  Muhs, D.R., 2009, Eolian sediments and processes, in Gornitz, V. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, p. 312-319.

99.  Muhs, D.R., and Budahn, J.R., 2009, Geochemical evidence for African dust and volcanic ash inputs to terra rossa soils on carbonate reef terraces, northern Jamaica, West Indies: Quaternary International, v. 196, p. 13-35.

100. Alley, R.B., Fitzpatrick, J.J., Brigham-Grette, J., Miller, G.H., Muhs, D., and Polyak, L., 2009: Paleoclimate Concepts. In Past Climate Variability and Change in the Arctic and at High Latitudes. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Program and Subcommittee on Global Change Research. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston , VA, p. 22–76.

101.  Alley, R.B., Andrews, J.T., Clarke, G.K.C., Cuffey, K.M., Funder, S., Marshall, S.J., Mitrovica, J.X., Muhs, D.R., Otto-Bleisner, B., 2009: Past Extent and Status of the Greenland Ice Sheet. In Past Climate Variability and Change in the Arctic and at High Latitudes. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Program and Subcommittee on Global Change Research. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, p. 303–357.  

102.  Muhs, D.R., Skipp, G., Schumann, R.R., Johnson, D.L., McGeehin, J.P., Beann, J., Freeman, J., Pearce, T.A., and Rowland, Z.M., 2009, The origin and paleoclimatic significance of carbonate sand dunes deposited on the California Channel Islands during the last glacial period, in: Damiani, C.C. and Garcelon, D.K., eds., Proceedings of the 7th California Islands Symposium; Arcata, California: Institute for Wildlife Studies, p. 3-14.

103.  Muhs, D.R., Budahn, J., Avila, A., Skipp, G., Freeman, J., and Patterson, D., 2010, Geochemical evidence for African dust additions to Quaternary soils on the island of Mallorca, Spain: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 29, p. 2518-2543.

104.  Muhs, D.R., Budahn, J., Skipp, G., Prospero, J.M., Patterson, D., Bettis, E.A. III, 2010, Mineralogical and geochemical evidence for Sahara and Sahel dust additions to Quaternary soils on Lanzarote, eastern Canary Islands, Spain: Terra Nova, v. 22, p. 399-410.

105.  Tsukamoto, S., Duller, G.A.T., Wintle, A.G., and Muhs, D., 2010, Assessing the potential for luminescence dating of basalts: Quaternary Geochronology, v. 6, p. 61-70.

106.  Alley, R.B., Andrews, J.T., Brigham-Grette, J., Clarke, G.K.C., Cuffey, K.M., Fitzpatrick, J.J., Funder, S., Marshall, S.J., Miller, G.H., Mitrovica, J.X., Muhs, D.R., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Polyak, L., and White, J.W.C., 2010, History of the Greenland Ice Sheet: Paleoclimatic insights: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 29, p. 1728-1756.

107.  Meco, J., Muhs, D.R., Fontugne, M., Ramos, A.J.G., Lomoschitz, A., and Patterson, D., 2011, Late Pliocene and Quaternary Eurasian locust infestations in the Canary Archipelago, Lethaia, in press.

108.  Muhs, D.R., Simmons, K.R., Schumann, R.R., and Halley, R.B., 2011, Sea-level history of the past two interglacial periods: New evidence from U-series dating of reef corals from south Florida: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 30, p. 570-590.

109.  Pierce, K.L., Muhs, D.R., Fosberg, M.A., Mahan, S.A., Rosenbaum, J.G., Licciardi, J.M., and Pavich, M.J., 2011, A loess-paleosol record of climate and glacial history over the past two glacial-interglacial cycles (~150 ka), southern Jackson Hole, Wyoming: Quaternary Research, v. 76, p. 119-141.

110.  Muhs, D.R., Simmons, K.R., Schumann, R.R., Groves, L.T., Mitrovica, J.X., and Laurel, D., 2012, Sea-level history during the last interglacial complex on San Nicolas Island, California: Implications for glacial isostatic adjustment processes, paleozoogeography and tectonics: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 37, p. 1-25.

111.  Bridges, N.T., and Muhs, D.R., 2012, Duststones on Mars: Source, transport, deposition, and erosion, In: Grotzinger, J., and Milliken, R., eds., Sedimentary Geology of Mars, SEPM Special Publication No. 102, p. 169-182.

112.  Muhs, D.R., Pandolfi, J.M., Simmons, K.R., and Schumann, R.R., 2012, Sea-level history of past interglacial periods from uranium-series dating of corals, Curaçao, Leeward Antilles islands: Quaternary Research, v. 78, p. 157-169.

 113.  Muhs, D.R., Budahn, J.R., Prospero, J.M., Skipp, G., and Herwitz, S., 2012, Soil genesis on the island of Bermuda in the Quaternary: The importance of African dust transport and deposition: Journal of Geophysical Research (Earth Surface), v. 117, F03025, doi:10.1029/2012JF002366.

114. Schumann, R.R., Minor, S.A., Muhs, D.R., Groves, L.T., and McGeehin, J.P., 2012.  Tectonic influences on the preservation of marine terraces: Old and new evidence from Santa Catalina Island, California: Geomorphology, v. 179, p. 208-224.

115. Muhs, D.R., 2013.  Loess and its geomorphic, stratigraphic, and paleoclimatic significance in the Quaternary. In: John F. Shroder (Editor-in-chief), Lancaster, N., Sherman, D.J., and Baas, A.C.W. (Volume Editors). Treatise on Geomorphology, Vol 11, Aeolian Geomorphology, San Diego: Academic Press; 2013. p. 149-183.

116.  Muhs, D.R., Roskin, J., Tsoar, H., Skipp, G., Budahn, J.R., Sneh, A., Porat, N., Stanley, J.-D., Katra, I., Blumberg, D.G., 2013.  Origin of the Sinai-Negev erg, Egypt and Israel: mineralogical and geochemical evidence for the importance of the Nile and sea level history: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 69, p. 28-48.

117.  Muhs, D.R., 2013, The geologic records of dust in the Quaternary: Aeolian Research, v. 9, p. 3-48.

118.  Erlandson, J.M., Thomas-Barnett, L., Vellanoweth, R.L., Schwartz, S.J., Muhs, D.R., 2013, From the Island of the Blue Dolphins: A unique nineteenth-century cache feature from San Nicolas Island, California: Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, v. 8, p. 66-78.

119. Muhs, D.R., Budahn, J.R., McGeehin, J.P., Bettis, E.A. III, Skipp, G., Paces, J.B., Wheeler, E.A., 2013.  Loess origin, transport, and deposition over the past 10,000 years, Wrangell-St. Elias National Park, Alaska: Aeolian Research, v. 11, p. 85-99.

120.  Muhs, D.R., Bettis, E.A. III, Roberts, H.M., Harlan, S., Paces, J.B., Reynolds, R., 2013, Chronology and provenance of last-glacial (Peoria) loess in western Iowa and paleoclimatic implications: Quaternary Research, v. 80, p. 468-481.

121.  Pigati, J.S., McGeehin, J.P., Muhs, D.R., Bettis, E.A. III, 2013, Radiocarbon dating late Quaternary loess deposits using small terrestrial gastropods.  Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 76, p. 114-128.

122.  Muhs, D.R., Meco, J., Simmons, K.R., 2014, Uranium-series ages of corals, sea level history, and palaeozoogeography, Canary Islands, Spain: An exploratory study for two Quaternary interglacial periods: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 394, p. 99-118.

123.  Muhs, D.R., Groves, L.T., Schumann, R.R., 2014, Interpreting the paleozoogeography and sea level history of thermally anomalous marine terrace faunas: A case study from the last interglacial complex of San Clemente Island, California: Western North American Naturalist, in press.  

124.  Muhs, D.R., 2014.  The contributions of Donald Lee Johnson to understanding the Quaternary geologic and biogeographic history of the California Channel Islands: Western North American Naturalist, in press.

125.  Pigati, J.S., Miller, I.M., Johnson, K.R., Honke, J.S., Carrara, P.E., Muhs, D.R., Skipp, G., Bryant, B., 2014.  Geologic setting and stratigraphy of the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado: Quaternary Research, in press.