Kīlauea - Volcano Updates

Alert Level: ADVISORY, Color Code: YELLOW 2021-07-27 18:36:49

HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY WEEKLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Tuesday, July 27, 2021, 8:36 AM HST (Tuesday, July 27, 2021, 18:36 UTC)


KILAUEA VOLCANO (VNUM #332010)
19°25'16" N 155°17'13" W, Summit Elevation 4091 ft (1247 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Activity Summary: Kīlauea volcano is not currently erupting. No surface activity has been observed by field crews or in webcam images since May 23, 2021. Seismicity has deceased in the past week while summit inflation has continued over the past several months. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rates are close to the low levels associated with the non-eruptive period from late 2018 to late 2020. It is possible that the Halema‘uma‘u vent could resume eruption or that Kīlauea is entering a longer period of quiescence prior to the next eruption.

Summit Observations: The latest field visit to Halema‘uma‘u and Kīlauea caldera on July 22 confirmed continued fumarole degassing and no changes to the crater floor. SO2 emission rates continue to be low, consistent with a return to non-eruptive period from late 2018 to late 2020 (30-35 t/d) and are well below emission rates from mid-February to mid-April (~800 t/d). Summit tiltmeters recorded continued gradual inflation but no deflation-inflation events occurred in the past week. Continued inflation was also recorded by summit GPS instruments, a pattern that has persisted for several months. Seismicity decreased in the past week.

Halemaʻumaʻu Lava Lake Observations: The lake’s surface is completely covered by solidified lava crust and no surface activity has been observed over the past week.

East Rift Zone Observations: Seismicity persisted along the upper East Rift Zone at slightly elevated levels over the past week. Together with the geodetic monitoring the observations suggest that the summit and upper East Rift Zone continue to be replenished with magma. By contrast, the Lower East Rift Zone was mostly quiet.

Hazard Analysis: Levels of volcanic gas—SO2 and carbon dioxide (CO2)—can remain locally hazardous even though Kīlauea is no longer erupting. SO2 gas emissions have greatly decreased. However, local concentrations of SO2 or hydrogen sulfide (H2S) may persist in downwind areas, and residents may from time to time notice odors of these gasses. Significant hazards also remain around Halemaʻumaʻu from crater wall instability, ground cracking, and rockfalls that can be enhanced by earthquakes within the area closed to the public. Even with decreased effusion rates and no signs of lava lake activity, conditions around Halema‘uma‘u crater remain hazardous.

Vog information can be found at https://vog.ivhhn.org/.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to closely monitor Kīlauea’s seismicity, deformation, and gas emissions, and maintains visual surveillance of the summit and the East Rift Zone.


More Information:
Kīlauea activity summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8862
Kīlauea webcam images: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/webcams
Kīlauea photos/video: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/photo-video-chronology
Kīlauea lava-flow maps: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/maps
Kīlauea FAQs: https://www.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/faqs

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CONTACT INFORMATION:

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The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is one of five volcano observatories within the U.S. Geological Survey and is responsible for monitoring volcanoes and earthquakes in Hawaiʻi.