Multimedia

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January 28, 2020

Seismicity of the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption

The 2018 Kīlauea eruption produced unprecedented levels of seismicity in the volcano’s instrumented history. The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory documented about 80,000 earthquakes during the three-month-long eruption, starting with the dramatic collapse of the Puʻu ʻŌʻō cone on April 30 and ending with the final Kīlauea summit caldera collapse event on August 5. The

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January 21, 2020

Kīlauea Lower East Rift Zone 2019: Quiet but insightful

In the year since Kīlauea Volcano’s notable 2018 eruption ended, the lower East Rift Zone has been relatively quiet. But USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists continue to gain insight into the eruption through ongoing research and monitoring. Some of the many questions asked by island residents include, Why did the fissures erupt along a linear pattern? How long

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January 16, 2020

What can lava tell us? Deciphering Kīlauea’s 2018 eruption

The 2018 eruption on Kīlauea’s lower East Rift Zone spewed around a billion cubic yards of lava into Puna. From the moment the eruption began, samples of lava were collected and rapidly analyzed by a team of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo scientists. Geologists Cheryl Gansecki (UH-Hilo) and Lopaka Lee (USGS-HVO) discuss how their work

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January 14, 2020

What’s happening at Kīlauea Volcano’s summit?

Kīlauea Volcano's summit has been in an eruptive pause since the 2018 events ended over a year ago. Nevertheless, it remains a dynamic place. Ongoing inflation and seismicity indicate that the summit magma chamber is gradually recharging. A water lake, unprecedented in the written historical record, appeared at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u in late July 2019 and has steadily

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January 8, 2020

Living with Earthquakes in Hawaii

Tens of thousands of earthquakes occur each year in Hawaii, making it one of the most seismically active places in the United States. Brian Shiro, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory seismologist, talks about the different types of earthquakes in Hawaii and how they are monitored to help forecast volcanic eruptions and recounts the dramatic seismicity that happened during

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January 7, 2020

Transitions: What's next for HVO and the volcanoes it monitors?

2018 and 2019 were years of profound change at Kīlauea Volcano and the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. Devastation caused by the largest lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse in at least 200 years resulted in many transitions for island residents, including HVO. Tina Neal, Scientist-in-Charge of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, describes the current status

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Earthquake Depths - Past Week Kilauea
December 31, 2019

Earthquake Depths - Past Week Kilauea

Earthquake Depths - Past Week Kilauea. Depth of earthquakes (circles) during the past week. Circle-size represents magnitude, and color indicates depth.

Sulfur dioxide emission rates - Kīlauea summit - past year
December 31, 2019

Sulfur dioxide emission rates - Kīlauea summit - past year

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rates measured using an upward-looking ultraviolet spectrometer. These data are collected by traversing the gas plume in a vehicle, downwind of Halema‘uma‘u, generally within and south of Kīlauea Caldera. Results from multiple traverses during a day are averaged to yield the emission rates shown here. Successful measurements depend

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Electronic Tilt at Kīlauea Summit and East Rift Zone - Past Week
December 31, 2019

Electronic Tilt at Kīlauea Summit and East Rift Zone - Past Week

Electronic Tilt at Kīlauea Summit and East Rift Zone - Past Week. The blue line shows the radial tilt at Uwekahuna station (UWE), on the western rim of Kīlauea's caldera. The green line is radial tilt at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō (POO), north of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō cone. These are recorded by continuously operating electronic tiltmeters. Positive changes often indicate inflation of the magma 

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Earthquake Hypocenters Map - Past 5 Years - Kīlauea
December 31, 2019

Earthquake Hypocenters Map - Past 5 Years - Kīlauea

Map showing locations of earthquakes during the past 5 years.

Earthquake Hypocenters Map - Past Month - Kilauea
December 31, 2019

Earthquake Hypocenters Map - Past Month - Kīlauea

Map showing locations of earthquakes during the past month.

Earthquake Hypocenters Cross Section - Past 5 Years - Kīlauea
December 31, 2019

Earthquake Hypocenters Cross Section - Past 5 Years - Kīlauea

 Depth of earthquakes (circles) during the past 5 years. Circle-size represents magnitude, and color indicates depth.