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A Department of Interior (DOI) press release featured a geonarrative created by Web Informatics and Mapping (WIM) team member Milan Liu.

An orphan well sits open and exposed to the environment in Toole County, MT.
An orphan well sits open and exposed to the environment in Toole County, MT

The geonarrative, "Orphaned Oil and Gas Wells 101, Understanding the Basics and Discovering How the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Addresses Legacy Pollution" by the Orphaned Wells Program Office, was published in November 2023.

From the geonarrative:

Headshot of Milan Liu, smiling against stone wall background
Milan Liu

Millions of Americans across the country live within just one mile of an orphaned oil and gas well. These legacy pollution sites are environmental hazards and jeopardize public health and safety by contaminating surface water and groundwater, emitting noxious gases like methane, littering the landscape with rusted and dangerous equipment, and harming wildlife. President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law delivers the largest investment in tackling legacy pollution in American history.  The information below provides answers to introductory questions people may have about one type of legacy pollution—orphaned wells—including why they exist, where they are located, the impacts they have on people and the environment, and what is being done to clean up these hazardous sites.

The Orphaned Wells Program Office worked directly with Web Informatics and Mapping (WIM) team member Milan Liu to create this high-quality science communications web application. Congratulation to Milan for high visibility of her great work!

Read the press release here: Biden-Harris Administration Announces $80 Million from Investing in America Agenda to Address Legacy Pollution by Plugging Orphaned Wells in Texas | U.S. Department of the Interior (

Learn more about orphaned wells here: Orphaned Wells | U.S. Department of the Interior (

View the geonarrative here: Orphaned Oil and Gas Wells 101 (

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