Wetland and Aquatic Research Center

Publications

Explore WARC's science publications.

Filter Total Items: 2,313
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Year Published: 2020

Using integrated population models for insights into monitoring programs: An application using pink-footed geese

Development of integrated population models (IPMs) assume the absence of systematic bias in monitoring programs, yet many potential sources of systematic bias in monitoring data exist (e.g., under-counts of abundance). By integrating multiple sources of data, we can assess whether various sources of monitoring data provide consistent inferences...

Johnson, Fred; Zimmerman, Guthrie S.; Jensen, Gitte H.; Clausen, Kevin K.; Frederiksen, Morten; Madsen, Jesper

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Year Published: 2020

Petroleum hydrocarbons in semipermeable membrane devices deployed in the Northern Gulf of Mexico and Florida keys following the Deepwater Horizon incident

The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill from April to July of 2010 contaminated Gulf of Mexico waters through release of an estimated 4.1 × 106 barrels of oil. Beginning in June of 2010, semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) were deployed near areas with sensitive marine habitats (Alabama Alps and Western Shelf) potentially exposed...

Bargar, Timothy; Alvarez, David; Stout, Scott A.

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Year Published: 2020

Predicting functional responses in agro-ecosystems from animal movement data to improve management of invasive pests

Functional responses describe how changing resource availability affects consumer resource use, thus providing a mechanistic approach to prediction of the invasibility and potential damage of invasive alien species (IAS). However, functional responses can be context dependent, varying with resource characteristics and availability, consumer...

Wilber, Mark Q.; Chinn, Sarah M.; Beasley, James C.; Boughton, Raoul; Brook, Ryan K.; Ditchkoff, Stephen S.; Fischer, Justin W.; Hartley, Stephen B.; Holmstrom, Lindsey K.; Kilgo, John C.; Lewis, Jesse S.; Miller, Ryan S.; Snow, Nathan P.; Vercauteren, Kurt C.; Wisely, Samantha M.; Webb, Colleen T.; Pepin, Kim M.

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Year Published: 2019

Scientist’s guide to developing explanatory statistical models using causal analysis principles

Recent discussions of model selection and multimodel inference highlight a general challenge for researchers, which is how to clearly convey the explanatory content of a hypothesized model or set of competing models. The advice from statisticians for scientists employing multimodel inference is to develop a well‐thought‐out set of candidate models...

Grace, James; Irvine, Kathryn

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Year Published: 2019

Plot Locator: An app for locating plots in the field

PREMISE: One of the challenges in field biology is locating previously sampled plots. The Plot Locator app was developed to assist field biologists with plot identification and location, with or without GPS or online connectivity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Plot Locator Android app helps users locate field plots by creating a searchable database...

Boudell, Jere ; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2019

Using maintenance records from a long-term sensor monitoring network to evaluate the relationship between maintenance schedule and data quality

Sensor-based environmental monitoring networks are beginning to provide the large-scale, long-term data required to address important fundamental and applied questions in ecology. However, the data quality from deployed sensors can be difficult and costly to ensure. In this study, we use maintenance records from the 12-year history of Louisiana’s...

Schoolmaster, Donald; Piazza, Sarai

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Year Published: 2019

Simulation of post-hurricane impact on invasive species with biological control management

Understanding the effects of hurricanes and other large storms on ecological communities and the post-event recovery in these communities can guide management and ecosystem restoration. This is particularly important for communities impacted by invasive species, as the hurricane may affect control efforts. Here we consider the effect of a...

Xu, Linhao; Zdechlik, Marya Claire; Smith, Melissa C.; Rayamajhi, Min B.; DeAngelis, Don; Zhang, Bo

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Year Published: 2019

Response of tidal marsh vegetation to pulsed increases in flooding and nitrogen

Worldwide, human activities have modified hydrology and nutrient loading regimes in coastal wetlands. Understanding the interplay between these drivers and subsequent response of wetland plant communities is essential to informing wetland management and restoration efforts. Recent restoration strategies in Louisiana proposes to use sediment...

McCoy, Meagan M; Sloey, Taylor M; Howard, Rebecca J.; Hester, Mark W.

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Year Published: 2019

Asian swamp eels in North America linked to the live-food trade and prayer-release rituals

We provide a history of swamp eel (family Synbranchidae) introductions around the globe and report the first confirmed nonindigenous records of Amphipnous cuchia in the wild. The species, native to Asia, is documented from five sites in the USA: the Passaic River, New Jersey (2007), Lake Needwood, Maryland (2014), a stream in Pennsylvania (2015),...

Nico, Leo; Kilian, Jay V.; Ropicki, Andrew J.; Harper, Matthew

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Year Published: 2019

Using δ13C and δ18O to analyze loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) response to experimental drought and fertilization

Drought frequency and intensity are projected to increase throughout the southeastern USA, the natural range of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.), and are expected to have major ecological and economic implications. We analyzed the carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions in tree ring cellulose of loblolly pine in a factorial drought (~30% throughfall...

Lin, Wen; Domec, Jean-Christophe; Ward, Eric; Marshall, John D.; King, John S; Laviner, Marshall A.; Fox, Thomas R; West, Jason B.; Sun, Ge; McNulty, Steve G; Noormets, Asko

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Year Published: 2019

Coastal marsh bird habitat selection and responses to Hurricane Sandy

Wetlands provide numerous ecosystem functions such as water purification, nutrient cycling, and wildlife habitat. Avian populations are indicators of wetland health, and understanding their responses to extreme events can aid in targeting restoration efforts following disturbance. Here, we assessed the habitat selection of six coastal wetland bird...

Benscoter, Allison; Beerens, James; Romanach, Stephanie

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Year Published: 2019

The importance of natural versus human factors for ecological conditions of streams and rivers

Streams are influenced by watershed-scale factors, such as climate, geology, topography, hydrology, and soils, which mostly vary naturally among sites, as well as human factors, agriculture and urban development. Thus, natural factors could complicate assessment of human disturbance. In the present study, we use structural equation modeling and...

Tang, Tao; Stevenson, R. Jan; Grace, James