Wetland and Aquatic Research Center

Publications

Explore WARC's science publications.

Filter Total Items: 2,494
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Year Published: 2020

Growth rates for immature Kemp’s ridley sea turtles from a foraging area in the northern Gulf of Mexico

Examining vital rates helps clarify how environmental characteristics, biological resources and human activities affect population growth. Carapace lengths were gathered for 241 Kemp’s ridley Lepidochelys kempii sea turtles that were marked and recaptured (n = 23) between 2011 and 2019 at a foraging location in northwest Florida, USA....

Lamont, Margaret; Johnson, Darren

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Year Published: 2020

Modeling soil porewater salinity in mangrove forests (Everglades, Florida, USA) impacted by hydrological restoration and a warming climate

Hydrology is a critical driver controlling mangrove wetlands structural and functional attributes at different spatial and temporal scales. Yet, human activities have negatively affected hydrology, causing mangrove diebacks and coverage loss worldwide. In fact, the assessment of mangrove water budgets, impacted by natural and human disturbances,...

Zhao, Xiaochen; Rivera-Monroy, Victor H.; Wang, Hongqing; Xue, Zuo; Tsai, Cheng-Feng; Willson, C. S.; Castañeda-Moya, E.; Twilley, Robert R.

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Year Published: 2020

How plants influence resilience of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to sea-level rise

This review evaluates the importance of plants and associated biological processes in determining the vulnerability of coastal wetlands to sea-level rise. Coastal wetlands occur across a broad sedimentary continuum from minerogenic to biogenic, providing an opportunity to examine the relative importance of biological processes in wetland...

Cahoon, Donald R.; McKee, Karen L.; James Morris

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of water level alteration on carbon cycling in peatlands

Globally, peatlands play an important role in the carbon (C) cycle. High water level is a key factor in maintaining C storage in peatlands, but water levels are vulnerable to climate change and anthropogenic disturbance. This review examines literature related to the effects of water level alteration on C cycling in peatlands to summarize new...

Zhong, Yehui; Ming, Jiang; Middleton, Beth

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Year Published: 2020

A global biophysical typology of mangroves and its relevance for ecosystem structure and deforestation

Mangrove forests provide many ecosystem services but are among the world’s most threatened ecosystems. Mangroves vary substantially according to their geomorphic and sedimentary setting; while several conceptual frameworks describe these settings, their spatial distribution has not been quantified. Here, we present a new global mangrove...

Thorley, Julia; Worthington, Thomas A.; zu Ermgassen, Philine S.E.; Friess, Daniel A.; Krauss, Ken; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Tingey, Rick; Woodroffe, Colin D.; Bunting, Pete; Cormier, N.; Lagomasino, David; Lucas, Richard; Murray, Nicholas J.; Sutherland, William J.; Spalding, Mark

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Year Published: 2020

Resolving species boundaries in the critically imperiled freshwater mussel species, Fusconaia mitchelli (Bivalvia: Unionidae)

Species are a fundamental unit of biology, and defining accurate species boundaries is integral to effective conservation and management of imperiled taxa. Freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) are among the most imperiled groups of organisms in North America, yet species boundaries remain uncertain for many taxa. The False Spike, ...

Smith, Chase H.; Johnson, Nathan; Havlik, Kaitlyn; Doyle, Robert D.; Randklev, Charles R.

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Year Published: 2020

Genetic diversity targets and indicators in the CBD post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework must be improved

The 196 parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will soon agree to a post-2020 global framework for conserving the three elements of biodiversity (genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity) while ensuring sustainable development and benefit sharing. As the most significant global conservation policy mechanism, the new CBD framework...

Hoban, Sean M.; Bruford, Michael W.; D'Urban Jackson, Josephine; Lopes-Fernandes, Margarida; Heuertz, Myriam; Hohenlohe, Paul A.; Sjögren-Gulve, Per; Segelbacher, Gernot; Vernesi, Cristiano; Aitken, Sally; Bertola, Laura D.; Bloomer, Paulette; Breed, Martin; Rodríguez-Correa, Hernando; Funk, W. Chris; Grueber, Catherine E.; Hunter, Margaret; Jaffe, Rodolfo; Liggins, Libby; Mergeay, Joachim; Moharrek, Farideh; O'Brien, David; Ogden, Rob; Palma-Silva, Clarisse; Paz-Vinas, Ivan; Pierson, Jennifer; Ramakrishnan, Uma; Simo-Droissart, Murielle; Tani, Naoki; Waits, Lisette; Laikre, Linda

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Year Published: 2020

Mangrove blue carbon in the face of deforestation, climate change, and restoration

Coastal wetlands have disproportionately high carbon densities, known as blue carbon, compared to most terrestrial ecosystems. Mangroves and their blue carbon stocks are at risk globally from land‐use and land‐cover change (LULCC) activities such as aquaculture, alongside biophysical disturbances such as sea‐level rise and cyclones. Global...

Friess, Daniel A.; Krauss, Ken; Taillardat, Pierre; Adame, Maria Fernanda; Yando, Erik S.; Cameron, Clint; Sasmito, Sigit D.; Sillanpaa, Meriadec

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Year Published: 2020

Trait‐based variation in host contribution to pathogen transmission across species and resource supplies

Two key knowledge gaps currently limit the development of more predictive and general models of pathogen transmission: (1) the physiological basis of heterogeneity in host contribution to pathogen transmission (reservoir potential) remains poorly understood, and (2) a general means of integrating the ecological dynamics of host communities has yet...

Welsh, Miranda E; Cronin, James P.; Mitchell, Charles E.

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Year Published: 2020

Moving from decision to action in conservation science

Biodiversity loss is a major threat to the integrity of ecosystems and is projected to worsen, yet the path to successful conservation remains elusive. Decision support frameworks (DSFs) are increasingly applied by resource managers to navigate the complexity, uncertainty, and differing socio-ecological objectives inherent to conservation problems...

Wright, Alexander; Bernard, Riley F; Mosher, Brittany A.; O'Donnell, Katherine; Braunagel, Taylor; DiRenzo, Graziella V.; Fleming, Jillian Elizabeth; Shafer, Charles; Brand, Adrianne B.; Zipkin, Elise F.; Campbell Grant, Evan H.

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Year Published: 2020

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) not detected in an intensive survey of wild North American amphibians

The salamander chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans [Bsal]) is causing massive mortality of salamanders in Europe. The potential for spread via international trade into North America and the high diversity of salamanders has catalyzed concern about Bsal in the U.S. Surveillance programs for invading pathogens must initially meet...

Waddle, Hardin; Grear, Daniel A.; Mosher, Brittany; Campbell Grant, Evan H.; Adams, Michael J.; Backlin, Adam R.; Barichivich, William; Brand, Adrianne B.; Bucciarelli, Gary M.; Calhoun, Daniel L.; Chestnut, Tara; Davenport, Jon M.; Dietrich, Andrew E.; Fisher, Robert N.; Glorioso, Brad; Halstead, Brian J.; Hayes, Marc P; Honeycutt, R. Ken; Hossack, Blake R.; Kleeman, Patrick M.; Lemos-Espinal, Julio A; Lorch, Jeffrey M.; Atkinson, Robert W.; Muths, Erin L.; Pearl, Christopher; Richgels, Katherine; Robinson, Charles W; Roth, Mark F.; Rowe, Jennifer; Sadinski, Walter; Sigafus, Brent H.; Stasiak, Iga; Sweet, Samuel; Walls, Christopher B.; Watkins-Colwell, Gregory J; White, C. LeAnn; Williams, Lori A; Winzeler, Megan E.

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Year Published: 2020

Novel molecular resources to facilitate future genetics research on freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae)

Molecular data have been an integral tool in the resolution of the evolutionary relationships and systematics of freshwater mussels, despite the limited number of nuclear markers available for Sanger sequencing. To facilitate future studies, we evaluated the phylogenetic informativeness of loci from the recently published anchored hybrid...

Johnson, Nathan; Smith, Chase H.