Wetland and Aquatic Research Center


Explore WARC's science publications.

Filter Total Items: 1,806
Year Published: 2019

Advancing barrier island habitat mapping using landscape position information

Barrier islands are dynamic ecosystems that change gradually from coastal processes, including currents and tides, and rapidly from episodic events, such as storms. These islands provide many important ecosystem services, including storm protection and erosion control to the mainland, habitat for fish and wildlife, and tourism. Habitat maps,...

Enwright, Nicholas; Wang, Lei; Borchert, Sinéad M.; Day, Richard; Feher, Laura; Osland, Michael

Year Published: 2019

Potential sea level rise for the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana

Situated in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain of the Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GCP LCC), the Chitimacha Tribe is one of four federally recognized tribes in Louisiana. The Tribal seat, trust lands/ reservation, and adjacent Tribal owned lands are located near Charenton, Louisiana, totaling nearly 1,000 acres. The...

Spear, Kathryn A.; Jones, William; Griffith, Kereen; Tirpak, Blair E.; Walden, Kimberly
Spear, K.A., Jones, W., Griffith, K., Tirpak, B.E., and Walden, K., 2019, Potential sea level rise on Chitimacha Tribal Lands in Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1030, 1 sheet, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191030.

Year Published: 2019

Improving eDNA yield and inhibitor reduction through increased water volumes and multi-filter isolation techniques

To inform management and conservation decisions, environmental DNA (eDNA) methods are used to detect genetic material shed into the water by imperiled and invasive species. Methodological enhancements are needed to reduce filter clogging, PCR inhibition, and false-negative detections when eDNA is at low concentrations. In the first of three simple...

Hunter, Margaret; Ferrante, Jason; Meigs-Friend, Gaia; Ulmer, Amelia

Year Published: 2019

Interactive mapping of nonindigenous species in the Laurentian Great Lakes

Nonindigenous species pose significant risks to the health and integrity of ecosystems around the world. Tracking and communicating the spread of these species has been of interest to ecologists and environmental managers for many years, particularly in the bi-national Laurentian Great Lakes of North America. In this paper, we introduce the Great...

Smith, Joseph P.; Lower, El K.; Martinez, Felix A.; Riseng, Catherine M.; Mason, Lacey A.; Rutherford, Edward S.; Neilson, Matthew E.; Fuller, Pam L.; Wehrly, Kevin E.; Sturtevant, Rochelle A.

Year Published: 2019

Multi-species duck harvesting using dynamic programming and multi-criteria decision analysis

1.Multiple species are often exposed to a common hunting season, but harvest and population objectives may not be fully achieved if harvest potential varies among species and/or species abundances are not correlated through time. Our goal was to develop an approach for setting a common hunting season that would recognize heterogeneity in species...

Johnson, Fred; Zimmerman, Guthrie S.; Huang, Min; Padding, Paul I.; Balkcom, Greg; Runge, Michael; Devers, Patrick K.

Year Published: 2019

Mississippi river sediment diversions and coastal wetland sustainability: Synthesis of responses to freshwater, sediment, and nutrient inputs

Management and restoration of coastal wetlands require insight into how inundation, salinity, and the availability of mineral sediment and nutrients interact to influence ecosystem functions that control sustainability. The Mississippi River Delta, which ranks among the world's largest and most productive coastal wetland complexes, has experienced...

Elsey-Quirk, Tracy; Graham, Sean A.; Mendelssohn, Irving A.; Snedden, Gregg; Day, John W.; Shaffer, Gary P.; Sharp, Leigh Anne; Twilley, Robert R.; Pahl, James; Lane, R.R.

Year Published: 2019

Resource concentration mechanisms facilitate foraging success in simulations of a pulsed oligotrophic wetland

ContextMovement of prey on hydrologically pulsed, spatially heterogeneous wetlands can result in transient, high prey concentrations, when changes in landscape features such as connectivity between flooded areas alternately facilitate and impede prey movement. Predators track and exploit these concentrations, depleting them as they arise....

Yurek, Simeon; DeAngelis, Donald L.

Year Published: 2019

Invasive plant species

Invasive species may be one of the worts environmental problems facing the conservation of natural areas, because of their role in changing ecosystem function. At the same time, invasive species cause much human suffering and economic loss. The approach to eliminating invasive species can be improved by a better understanding of the...

Middleton, Beth A.

Year Published: 2019

Coastal habitat change and marine megafauna behavior: Florida manatees encountering reduced food provisions in a prominent winter refuge

A decline in submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) within Florida’s spring-fed thermal refuges raises questions about how these systems support winter foraging of Florida manatees Trichechus manatus latirostris. We analyzed telemetry data for 12 manatees over 7 yr to assess their use of Kings Bay, a winter refuge with diminished SAV. After...

Littles, Chanda J.; Bonde, Robert K.; Butler, Susan M.; Jacoby, Charles A.; Notestein, Sky K.; Reid, James P.; Slone, Daniel H.; Frazer, Thomas K.

Year Published: 2019

The plant diversity sampling design for The National Ecological Observatory Network

The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) is designed to facilitate an understanding of the impact of environmental change on ecological systems. Observations of plant diversity—responsive to changes in climate, disturbance, and land use, and ecologically linked to soil, biogeochemistry, and organisms—result in NEON data products that...

Barnett, David T.; Adler, Peter B.; Chemel, Benjamin R.; Duffy, Paul A.; Enquist, Brian J.; Grace, James B.; Harrison, Susan P.; Peet, Robert K.; Schimel, David S.; Stohlgren, Thomas J.; Vellend, Mark

Year Published: 2019

Influence of salinity on relative density of American crocodiles (Crocodylus acutus) in Everglades National Park: Implications for restoration of Everglades ecosystems

The status of the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) has long been a matter of concern in Everglades National Park (ENP) due to its classification as a federal and state listed species, its recognition as a flagship species, and its function as an ecosystem indicator. Survival and recovery of American crocodiles has been linked with regional...

Mazzotti, Frank J.; Smith, Brian; Squires, Michiko; Cherkiss, Michael S.; Farris, Seth C; Hackett, Caitlin; Hart, Kristen M.; Briggs-Gonzalez, Venetia; Brandt, Laura A.

Year Published: 2019

Microclimate influences mangrove freeze damage: Implications for range expansion in response to changing macroclimate

In response to warming winter air temperatures, freeze-sensitive mangrove forests are expected to expand at the expense of freeze-tolerant salt marshes. To better anticipate and prepare for mangrove range expansion, there is a need to advance understanding of the modulating role of microclimate. Here, we synthesized hypotheses regarding the...

Osland, Michael J.; Hartmann, Arik M.; Day, Richard H.; Ross, Michael S.; Hall, Courtney T.; Feher, Laura C.; Vervaeke, William