This data release contains breeding-bird densities in native mixed-grass prairie collected from 2003 to 2012 at and adjacent to wind farms in North and South Dakota, USA, for one year prior to turbine construction and several years post-construction. One dataset contains breeding-bird densities per 100 ha by distance from turbines for categories of 0-100 m, 100-200 m, 200-300 m, and greater than 300 m from turbines and for reference (i.e., control) sites. A second dataset contains breeding-bird density overall for turbine and reference sites, without the distance-category breakdown. A third dataset contains measurements that characterize average vegetation structural measurements on each study plot. This data release supports the following manuscript: Shaffer, J.A., and Buhl, D.A., 2016, Effects of wind-energy facilities on breeding grassland bird distributions: Conservation Biology, v. 30, p. 59-71, https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12569.
|Title||Effects of wind-energy facilities on breeding grassland bird distributions - data release|
|Authors||Jill A. Shaffer, Deborah A. Buhl|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center|
Understanding the Avian-Impact Offset Method—A tutorial
Understanding the Avian-Impact Offset Method—A tutorialBiodiversity offsetting, or compensatory mitigation, is increasingly being used in temperate grassland and wetland ecosystems to compensate for unavoidable environmental damage from anthropogenic disturbances such as energy development and road construction. Energy-extraction and -generation facilities continue to proliferate across the natural landscapes of the United States, yet mitigation tools