This data release contains two tables-one table of field spike recovery data and one table of lab reagent spike recovery data-for pesticides and pesticide degradates analyzed by the USGS National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) schedule 2437, and associated metadata. The table of field spike recovery data includes results from paired environmental and spike samples collected by the National Water Quality Program, National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project in surface water. The table of lab reagent spike data contains quality-control sample information stored in the NWQL database. Both tables include fields for data-quality indicators that are described in the data processing steps of the metadata file. The tables in this data release contain data for water years 2016-17 and were developed as a follow-up to the analysis for water years 2013-15 conducted by Shoda and others (2017 and 2018). Shoda, M.E., Nowell, L.H., Stone, W.W., Sandstrom, M.W., and Bexfield, L.M., 2018, Data analysis considerations for pesticides determined by National Water Quality Laboratory schedule 2437: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5007, 458 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185007. Shoda, M.E., Nowell, L.H., Bexfield, L.M., Sandstrom, M.W., Stone, W.W., 2017, Recovery data for surface water, groundwater and lab reagent samples analyzed by the USGS National Water Quality Laboratory schedule 2437, water years 2013-15: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F7QZ28G4.