Water and sediment extracts samples were analyzed for extractable hydrocarbons by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) using an Agilent (Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA) 7890 series GC and 5975 electron ionization (EI) mass selective detector (MSD) operated in scan mode. Agilent ChemStation software was used for data acquisition and analysis (version E.02.00.493 on GC/MS computer and version F.01.03.2357 on laptop for data workup). A 30 m x 250 m x 0.25 m HP-5MS column (95% dimethyl 5% diphenyl polydimethylsiloxane) was used for GC/MS under the following conditions: 1.0 L splitless injection, constant flow of 0.7 mL/min, solvent delay of 7.5 min, injector temperature of 280C, interface at 300C, temperature program of 50-150C at 7C/min, 150-230C at 6C/min, and 230-300C at 3C/min with mass scanned from 35-500 Da.
|Title||Organic geochemistry and toxicology of a stream impacted by unconventional oil and gas wastewater disposal operations|
|Authors||William H. Orem, Matthew S. Varonka, Lynn M. Crosby, Karl B. Haase, Keith A. Loftin, Michelle Hladik, Denise M. Akob, Calin Tatu, Adam C. Mumford, Jeanne B. Jaeschke, Anne L. Bates, Tiffani Schell, Isabelle M. Cozzarelli|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Applied Geochemistry|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||California Water Science Center|