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Organic geochemistry and toxicology of a stream impacted by unconventional oil and gas wastewater disposal operations

May 9, 2017

Water and sediment extracts samples were analyzed for extractable hydrocarbons by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) using an Agilent (Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA) 7890 series GC and 5975 electron ionization (EI) mass selective detector (MSD) operated in scan mode. Agilent ChemStation software was used for data acquisition and analysis (version E.02.00.493 on GC/MS computer and version F.01.03.2357 on laptop for data workup). A 30 m x 250 m x 0.25 m HP-5MS column (95% dimethyl 5% diphenyl polydimethylsiloxane) was used for GC/MS under the following conditions: 1.0 L splitless injection, constant flow of 0.7 mL/min, solvent delay of 7.5 min, injector temperature of 280C, interface at 300C, temperature program of 50-150C at 7C/min, 150-230C at 6C/min, and 230-300C at 3C/min with mass scanned from 35-500 Da.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2019
Title Organic geochemistry and toxicology of a stream impacted by unconventional oil and gas wastewater disposal operations
DOI 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.02.016
Authors William H. Orem, Matthew S. Varonka, Lynn M. Crosby, Karl B. Haase, Keith A. Loftin, Michelle Hladik, Denise M. Akob, Calin Tatu, Adam C. Mumford, Jeanne B. Jaeschke, Anne L. Bates, Tiffani Schell, Isabelle M. Cozzarelli
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Applied Geochemistry
Series Number
Index ID 70203024
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization California Water Science Center