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Planktic foraminifera

April 6, 2023

Planktic foraminifera are single-celled marine organisms that secrete calcium carbonate tests. They live in the ocean's photic zone, and when they die, their tests, each about the size of a grain of sand, collect on the ocean floor. The geographic distribution of planktic foraminifera is mostly governed by the temperature and salinity of the ocean surface, and species assemblages are generally arranged in latitudinal bands from polar to tropical, with more species occupying warmer waters. Their ubiquity in the world's oceans since the Cretaceous Period makes them ideal biostratigraphic markers, and their sensitivity to environmental changes makes them excellent proxies of past ecological, oceanographic and climatic history.

Publication Year 2023
Title Planktic foraminifera
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-323-99931-1.00041-6
Authors Harry J. Dowsett, Marci M. Robinson
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Index ID 70242689
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Florence Bascom Geoscience Center