Introduction Although the Petersburg Granite had long been in practical use as a building stone since the 1830s (Watson, 1906; 1907; 1910; Darton, 1911; Steidtmann, 1945), it was first formally defined as a geologic unit by Anna Jonas on the 1928 geologic map of Virginia. Anna Jonas defined this unit as a Precambrian coarse-grained porphyritic biotite granite that was intruded by finer grained granite and cut by pegmatite (Nelson, 1928). This belt of mostly granitic rocks extends from near Ashland, Virginia north of Richmond, to near Stony Creek, south of Petersburg, Virginia (e.g., Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1993) and is bounded by the Hylas fault zone to the northwest, the Mesozoic Richmond basin to the west, and the newly recognized Nottoway River fault zone to the southwest (e.g., Carter and others, 2020; 2021). The eastern boundary of this belt is covered by Coastal Plain sediments, but geophysical and deep borehole data suggest an orogen-scale suture separates it from the Neoproterozoic Chesapeake block to the east (Figure 1; Carter and others, 2021).
|Title||Stop 3 – The Petersburg “Granite” redefined: Recognition and implications of Silurian to Devonian rocks in central-eastern Virginia|
|Authors||Mark W. Carter, Ryan J. McAleer, Marcie Occhi, Christopher Holm-Denoma, Jorge A. Vazquez, Brent E. Owens|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Publication Subtype||Conference Paper|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Florence Bascom Geoscience Center|