Due to a lapse in appropriations, the majority of USGS websites may not be up to date and may not reflect current conditions. Websites displaying real-time data, such as Earthquake and Water and information needed for public health and safety will be updated with limited support. Additionally, USGS will not be able to respond to inquiries until appropriations are enacted.  For more information, please see www.doi.gov/shutdown

Christoper A Ottinger

Comparative Immunologist.  Primary focus: Environmentally induced immunomodulation and disease susceptibility 



  • Bachelor of Arts, Biology, 1984; California State University, Chico;

  • Master of Science, Biology, 1989, California State University, Chico;

  • Doctor of Philosophy, Biology, 1994, University of North Dakota

Current Position

Principal Investigator

Previous Positions

  • Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Environmental Sciences, School of Marine Science, Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences, College of William and Mary.
  • Canadian Government Laboratory Visiting Fellow, Division of Marine Biology,Institute for Marine Biosciences, Canadian National Research Council.