Christopher S Swezey

Biography

Research Geologist (2009-Present), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Geology & Paleoclimate Science Center, Reston, Virginia.  I conduct research on the stratigraphy, sedimentology, and geomorphology of the Atlantic Coastal Plain (USA).  This work is focused primarily on basic geologic mapping for understanding the geologic framework of the Coastal Plain, and characterization of Coastal Plain strata that are major aquifers for water resources.

Research Geologist (2000-2009), USGS Eastern Energy Resources Team, Reston, Virginia.  I conducted assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the Appalachian, Michigan, and Illinois basins (USA).  This work improved understanding of national energy supplies, provided input for economic analysis of petroleum resources, and improved understanding of the stratigraphy and petroleum systems of the basins.

Geologist (1997-2000), BP Exploration (Gulf of Mexico), Houston, Texas.

Ph.D. (1997) - Geology, The University of Texas at Austin.

Research Assistant (1996-1997), Texas Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, Texas.

Chateaubriand Scholar (1995), Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

J. William Fulbright Scholar (1992-1993), Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

M.A. (1991) - Geology, The University of Texas at Austin.

Physical Science Technician (1987-1988), USGS Branch of Paleontology and Stratigraphy, Menlo Park, California.

B.S. (1987) - Geology, French (double major), Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

 

Education

Ph.D. (1997) - Geology, The University of Texas at Austin.  Dissertation: Climatic and Tectonic Controls on Quaternary Eolian Sedimentary Sequences of the Chott Rharsa Basin, Southern Tunisia

Chateaubriand Scholar (1995), Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

J. William Fulbright Scholar (1992-1993), Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

M.A. (1991) - Geology, The University of Texas at Austin.  Thesis: Description and Interpretation of the Jurassic J-2 Unconformity of the Western Interior (U.S.A.)

B.S. (1987) - Geology, French (double major), Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Université de Paris VII (1985-1986), Paris, France.

St. Christopher’s High School (1983), Richmond, Virginia.

 

Employment

2009-Present: Research Geologist, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Geology & Paleoclimate Science Center, Reston, Virginia.

            - Associate Project Chief (2015-Present), U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain Project.

            - Staff Geologist (2009-2015), U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain Project (field mapping in Georgia and South Carolina).

2000-2009: Research Geologist, USGS Eastern Energy Resources Team, Reston, Virginia.

            - Task Chief, Eastern Oil Shale Assessment (2007-2009).

            - Task Chief, Illinois Basin Oil and Gas Assessment (2005-2009).

            - Task Chief, Michigan Basin Oil and Gas Assessment (2002-2005).

            - Staff Geologist, Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Assessment (2000-2002).

1997-2000: Geologist, BP Exploration (Gulf of Mexico), Houston, Texas.

1996-1997: Research Assistant, Texas Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, Texas.

1988-1992: Teaching Assistant, Department of Geology, The University of Texas at Austin (Depositional Systems; Geology Field Methods; Geology of the National Parks; Introduction to Geology).

1987-1988: Physical Science Technician, USGS Branch of Paleontology & Stratigraphy, Menlo Park, California.

 

Honors and Awards

2008  AAPG George V. Cohee Public Service Award.

2005  GSW Sleeping Bear Award.

1995  Chateaubriand Scholarship, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

1992-1993  J. William Fulbright Scholarship, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

1992  Smithsonian Institution Fellowship, Center for Earth and Planetary Sciences, National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC.

1989  R.K. DeFord Field Geology Scholarship, Department of Geology, The University of Texas at Austin.

1987  T.V. Laska Award, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (Most outstanding undergraduate senior in geology).

 

Student Supervision

Noelia Báez Rodríguez (M.S. Thesis, 2005), The University of Puerto Rico-Mayagüez, Department of Geology, Mayagüez, PR; Thesis: Stratigraphy of the Silurian-Devonian Upper Helderberg Group in Northeastern West Virginia (U.S.A.)

Bradley A. Fitzwater (M.S. Thesis, 2016), Old Dominion University, Department of Ocean, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, Norfolk, VA; Thesis: Reevaluating the Geologic Formations of the Upper Coastal Plain in Chesterfield County, South Carolina

 

Memberships in Professional Societies

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG); Butler Cave Conservation Society (BCCS); Geological Society of America (GSA); Geological Society of Washington (GSW); International Association of Sedimentologists (IAS); National Speleological Society (NSS); Society for Sedimentary Geology (SEPM).

2012 – President, Geological Society of Washington.

 

Publications

Swezey, C.S., Haynes, J.T., Lucas, P.C., and Lambert, R.A., 2017, Geologic controls on cave development in Burnsville Cove, Bath and Highland Counties, Virginia, inFrom the Blue Ridge to the Beach: Geologic Field Excursions across Virginia (C.M. Bailey and S. Jaye, eds.): Geological Society of America Field Guide, v. 47, p. 89-123.

Swezey, C.S., Fitzwater, B.A., and Whittecar, G.R. Mahan, S.A., Garrity, C.P., Aleman Gonzalez, W.B., and Dobbs, K.M., 2016, The Carolina Sandhills: Quaternary eolian sand sheets and dunes along the updip margin of the Atlantic Coastal Plain province, southeastern United States: Quaternary Research, v.86, no. 3, p. 271-286.

Swezey, C.S., Fitzwater, B.A., and Whittecar, G.R., 2016, Geology and geomorphology of the Carolina Sandhills, Chesterfield County, South Carolina, inGold, Structures, and Landforms in Central South Carolina - Field Guides for the GSA Southeastern Section Meeting, Columbia, South Carolina, 2016 (W.R. Doar III, ed.): Geological Society of America Field Guide, v. 42, p. 9-36.

Ryder, R.T., Trippi, M.H., and Swezey, C.S., 2015, Geologic cross section I-I’ through the Appalachian basin from the eastern margin of the Illinois basin, Jefferson County, Kentucky, to the Valley and Ridge Province, Scott County, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Series Map SIM-3343, 2 sheets with one 41-page pamphlet and one 102-page pamphlet.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3343

Swezey, C.S., Hatch, J.R., Hayba, J.O., Repetski, J.W., Charpentier, R.R., Cook, T.A., Klett, T.R., Pollastro, R.M., Anderson, C.P., and Schenk, C.J., 2015, Executive summary -- Undiscovered oil and gas resources of the U.S. portion of the Michigan Basin, inGeologic Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the U.S. Portion of the Michigan Basin (by U.S. Geological Survey Michigan Basin Assessment Team): U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-69-T, Chapter 1, 3p.  https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ds69T

Swezey, C.S., Hatch, J.R., East, J.A., Hayba, D.O., and Repetski, J.E., 2015, Total Petroleum Systems of the Michigan Basin -- Petroleum geology and geochemistry and assessment of undiscovered resources, inGeologic Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the U.S. Portion of the Michigan Basin (by U.S. Geological Survey Michigan Basin Assessment Team):U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-69-T, Chapter 2, 162p.  https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ds69T

Swezey, C.S., Haynes, J.T., Lambert, R.A., White, W.B., Lucas, P.C., and Garrity, P.C., 2015, The geology of Burnsville Cove, Bath and Highland Counties, Virginia, inThe Caves of Burnsville Cove, Virginia (W.B. White, ed.), in the book series: Cave and Karst Systems of the World (J.W. LaMoraux, series editor), Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, p. 299-334.

Swezey, C.S., and Haynes, J.T., 2015, Appendix A: The stratigraphic nomenclature of Burnsville Cove, Bath and Highland Counties, Virginia, inThe Caves of Burnsville Cove, Virginia (W.B. White, ed.), in the book series: Caves and Karst Systems of the World (J.W. LaMoraux, series editor), Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, p. 459-474.

Swezey, C.S., 2014, Geology of Some Caves in Pendleton County, West Virginia: West Virginia Speleological Survey (WVASS) Monograph 5, 59p.

Enomoto, C.B., Coleman, J.L., Jr., Swezey, C.S., Niemeyer, P.W., and Dulong, F.T., 2015, Geochemical and mineralogical sampling of the Devonian shales in the Broadtop Synclinorium, Appalachian Basin, in Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1061, 32 pages and 5 plates.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2015/1061/

Milici, R.C., and Swezey, C.S., 2014, Assessment of Appalachian Basin oil and gas resources: Devonian gas shales of the Devonian Shale-Middle and Upper Paleozoic Total Petroleum System, in: Ruppert, L.F., and Ryder, R.T., eds., Coal and Petroleum Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Distribution, Geologic Framework, and Geochemical Character: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1708, chapter G.9, 81p.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/g9/pdf/pp1708_g9.pdf

Ryder, R.T., Milici, R.C., Swezey, C.S., and Trippi, M.T., 2014, Appalachian Basin oil and natural gas: Stratigraphic framework, Total Petroleum Systems, and estimated ultimate recovery,in: Ruppert, L.F., and Ryder, R.T., eds., Coal and Petroleum Resources in the Appalachian Basin: Distribution, Geologic Framework, and Geochemical Character: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1708, chapter C.1, 3 pages, and as a separate web link: 2 large charts and 1 table.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1708/c1/pdf/pp1708_c1.pdf

Swezey, C.S., Schultz, A.P., Aleman Gonzalez, W., Bernhardt, C.E., Doar, W.R., III, Garrity, C.P., Mahan, S.A., and McGeehin, J.P., 2013, Quaternary eolian dunes in the Savannah River valley, Jasper County, South Carolina, USA: Quaternary Research, v. 80, no. 2, p. 250-264.

Swezey, C.S., and Garrity, C.P., 2012, Geographical and geological data from caves and mines infected with white-nose syndrome (WNS) before September 2009 in the eastern United States: Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 73, no. 3, p. 125-157.

East, J.A., Swezey, C.S., Repetski, J.E., and Hayba, D.O., 2012, Thermal maturity map of Devonian shale in the Illinois, Michigan, and Appalachian Basins of North America: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Series Map SIM-3214, 1 sheet.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3214

Ryder, R.T., Trippi, M.H., Swezey, C.S., Crangle, R.D., Jr., Hope, R.S., Rowan, E.L., and Lentz, E.E., 2012, Geologic cross section C-C’ through the central Appalachian basin from near the Findlay Arch, north-central Ohio, to the Valley and Ridge Province, Bedford County, south-central Pennsylvania: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Series Map SIM-3172, 2 sheets with 70-page pamphlet.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3172

Enomoto, C.B., Coleman, J.L., Jr., Haynes, J.T., Whitmeyer, S.J., McDowell, R.R., Lewis, J.E., Spear, T.P., and Swezey, C.S., 2012, Geology of the Devonian Marcellus Shale – Valley and Ridge Province, Virginia and West Virginia – A Field Trip Guidebook for the American Association of Petroleum Geologists Eastern Section Meeting, September 28-29, 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012-1194, 48p. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr20121194

Swezey, C.S., and Garrity, C.P., 2011, Notes on the geology and meteorology of sites infected with white-nose syndrome before July 2010 in the southeastern United States: NSS News [National Speleological Society], v. 69, no. 2, p. 16-25.

Swezey, C.S., 2011, White-nose syndrome: Comment: NSS News [National Speleological Society], v. 69, no. 8, p. 20.

Swezey, C.S., and Dulong, F.T., 2010, Some notes on the geology of Cave Mountain Cave, Pendleton County, West Virginia: The West Virginia Caver, v. 28, no. 2, p. 5-10.

Swezey, C.S., 2009, Cenozoic stratigraphy of the Sahara, Northern Africa: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 53, no. 3, p. 89-121.  This paper received the accolade of being made one of the numbered series of "Geological Society of Africa Presidential Reviews" (the 13th such paper of this series in the history of the Society)

Swezey, C.S., 2009, Regional stratigraphy and petroleum systems of the Illinois Basin, U.S.A.: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Series Map SIM-3068, 1 sheet.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3068

Ryder, R.T., Crangle, R.D., Jr., Trippi, M.H., Swezey, C.S., Lentz, E.E., Rowan, E.L., and Hope, R.S., 2009, Geologic cross section D-D’ through the central Appalachian basin from the Findlay arch, Sandusky County, Ohio, to the Valley and Ridge province, Hardy County, West Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Series Map SIM-3067, 2 sheets with 52-page pamphlet.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim3067

Swezey, C.S., 2008, Regional stratigraphy and petroleum systems of the Michigan Basin, North America: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Series Map SIM-2978, 1 sheet.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim2978

Ryder, R.T., Swezey, C.S., Crangle, R.D., Jr., and Trippi, M.T., 2008, Geologic cross section E-E’ through the central Appalachian Basin from the Findlay Arch, Wood County, Ohio, to the Valley and Ridge Province, Pendleton County, West Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Series Map SIM-2985, 2 sheets with 48-page pamphlet. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/sim2985

Swezey, C.S., Hatch, J.R., Brennan, S.T., East, J.A., Rowan, E.L., Repetski, J.E., Charpentier, R.R., Cook, T.A., Klett, T.R., Pollastro, R.M., and Schenk, C.J., 2007, Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Illinois Basin, 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3058, 2p. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs20073058

Ryder, R.T., Swezey, C.S., Trippi, M.T., Lentz, E.E., Avary, K.L., Harper, J.A., Kappel, W.M., and Rea, R.G., 2007, In search of a Silurian Total Petroleum System in the Appalachian basin of New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1003, 78p. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr20071003

Swezey, C.S., Piatak, N.M., Grady, F.V., and Hackley, P.C., 2007, Some notes on the geology of Haynes Cave, Monroe County, West Virginia: The West Virginia Caver, v. 25, no. 3, p. 12-15.

Swezey, C.S., 2006, Revisiting the age of the Sahara Desert: Science, v. 312, no. 5777, p. 1138-1139.

Milici, R.C., and Swezey, C.S., 2006, Assessment of Appalachian Basin oil and gas resources: Devonian Shale-Middle and Upper Paleozoic Total Petroleum System: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1237, 70p.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr20061237

Coleman, J.L., Swezey, C.S., Ryder, R.T., Charpentier, R.R., Milici, R.C., Hatch, J.R., Cook, T.A., Klett, T.R., Pollastro, R.M., and Schenk, C.J., 2006, Undiscovered oil and gas resources underlying the U.S. portions of the Great Lakes, 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2006-3049, 4p. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs20063049

Swezey, C.S., Hatch, J.R., Hayba, D.O., Repetski, J.E., Charpentier, R.R., Cook, T.A., Klett, T.R., Pollastro, R.M., and Schenk, C.J., 2005, Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the U.S. portion of the Michigan Basin, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2005-3070, 2p. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs20053070

Swezey, C.S., and Sullivan, E.C., 2004, Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Upper Cretaceous (Campanian) Anacacho Limestone, Texas, USA: Cretaceous Research, v. 25, no. 4, p. 473-497.

Swezey, C.S., Hadden, R.L., and Piatak, N.M., 2004, Nitrate concentrations of soils in “saltpeter caves” in West Virginia (USA): NSS News [National Speleological Society], v. 62, no. 12, p. 342-345.

Swezey, C.S., Piatak, N.M., Chiehowsky, L.A., Hadden, R.L., Hackley, P.C., Doolan, C.A., Aleman Gonzalez, W.B., Bingham, P.A., and Hoke, R.B., 2004, A guide to the geology of the Sinnett-Thorn Mountain Cave System, Pendleton County, West Virginia: The Potomac Caver, v. 47, no. 1, p. 3-14.

Swezey. C.S., 2003, The role of climate in the creation and destruction of continental stratigraphic records: An example from the northern margin of the Sahara Desert, in: Cecil, C.B., and Edgar, N.T., eds., Climate Controls on Stratigraphy: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication 77, p. 207-225.

Swezey, C.S., 2003, Late Pleistocene and Holocene dune activity and wind regimes in the western Sahara Desert of Mauritania: Comment: Geology: Online Forum, p. e18.  http://www.gsajournals.org/i0091-7613-31-6-e18.html

Milici, R.C., Ryder, R.T., Swezey, C.S., Charpentier, R.R., Cook, T.A., Crovelli, R.A., Klett, T.R., Pollastro, R.M., and Schenk, C.J., 2003, Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Appalachian Basin Province, 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-009-03, 2p. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs00903

Swezey, C.S., 2002, Regional stratigraphy and petroleum systems of the Appalachian Basin, North America: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Investigations Series Map I-2768, 1 sheet.  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i2768

Swezey, C., 2001, Eolian sediment responses to late Quaternary climate changes: Temporal and spatial patterns in the Sahara: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 167, nos. 1-2, p. 119-155.

Milici, R.C., Ryder, R.T., and Swezey, C.S., 2001, Appalachian basin petroleum systems: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-406, p. 81-84. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2001/0406/report.pdf

Swezey, C., 1999, A very old Sahara: Science, v. 286, no. 5438, p. 243.

Swezey, C.S., 1999, The lifespan of the Complexe Terminal Aquifer, Algerian-Tunisian Sahara: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 28, no. 3, p. 751-756.

Swezey, C., Lancaster, N., Kocurek, G., Kocurek, G., Deynoux, M., Blum, M., Price, D., and Pion, J.-C., 1999, Response of aeolian systems to Holocene climatic and hydrologic changes on the northern margin of the Sahara: A high-resolution record from the Chott Rharsa basin, Tunisia: The Holocene, v. 9, no. 2, p. 141-147.

Swezey, C., 1998, The identification of eolian sands and sandstones: Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences [France], serie IIa, v. 327, no. 8, p. 513-518.

Blum, M., Kocurek, G., Swezey, C., Deynoux, M., Lancaster, N., Price, D.M., and Pion, J.-C., 1998, Quaternary wadi, lacustrine, aeolian depositional cycles and sequences, Chott Rharsa Basin, southern Tunisia, inQuaternary Deserts and Climatic Change (A.S. Alsharhan, K.W. Glennie, G.L. Whittle, and C.G.St.C. Kendall, eds.): A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, p. 539-552.

Swezey, C., Deynoux, M., and Jeannette, D., 1996, Sandstone depositional environments of the Upper Permian Champenay Formation, Champenay Basin, northeast France: Sedimentary Geology, v. 105, nos. 1-2, p. 91-103.

Swezey, C.S., 1996, Structural controls on Quaternary depocentres within the Chotts Trough region of southern Tunisia: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 22, no. 3, p. 335-347.

Swezey, C., 1993, El Menzeha: Lost village in the Grand Erg Oriental, Algerian Sahara: The Ancient World, v. 24, no. 1, p. 57-58.

Swezey, C.S., 1991, A review of changes in the geomorphology and hydrology of Waller Creek (Austin, Texas) as a result of urban development: The Texas Journal of Science, v. 43, no. 3, p. 315-323.