Jonathan Caine


Jonathan Saul Caine is a Research Geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey.  His work is focused on characterization of fault zones, fracture networks, and fluid flow in the Earth’s upper crust.  He combines structural geology, hydrogeology, detailed field studies and geologic mapping to characterize fault zone architecture and permeability structure; fault rock textures, deformation mechanisms, and seismogenic signatures of faults and fault rocks; conduct direct fault rock dating; and fault and fracture network related fluid flow as it pertains to mineral deposits, hydrocarbon migration, earthquakes, groundwater supply, environmental geochemistry of hydrothermally altered and complexly deformed crystalline-rock aquifer systems, particularly in alpine watersheds.  Caine also works closely with graduate students and colleagues at the University of Colorado (Boulder), Utah State University, Colorado State University, and the Colorado School of Mines.  He received his B.A and M.A. in Geology from S.U.N.Y, New Paltz (1986 and 1991) and his Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Utah (1999) with concentration in Structural Geology and Hydrogeology.  Caine's work has been conducted in the northeastern Appalachains, the Basin and Range, east Greenland, the southern Rocky Mountains, the Rio Grande rift, Alaska, and Yukon. 

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Caine, J.S., Minor, S.A., Grauch, V. J. S., Budahn, J.R., Keren, T.T., and Johnson, M.R., 2016, Data for a comprehensive survey of fault zones, breccias, and fractures in and flanking the eastern Española Basin, Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey data release,

Caine, J.S., Manning, A.H., Verplanck, P.L., and Bove, D.J., 2015, Integrated research on hydrogeological and geochemical processes in a mineralized alpine watershed–Handcart Gulch, Colorado, in Smith, K.S., Phillips, J.D., McCafferty, A.E., and Clark, R.N., (eds.), Developing integrated methods to address complex resource and environmental issues: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1413, p. 59-66.

Ball, L.B., Caine, J.S., and Ge, S., 2014, Controls on groundwater flow in a semiarid folded and faulted intermountain basin, Water Resources Research, v. 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR014451

Minor, S.A., Hudson, M.R., Caine, J.S., and Thompson, R.A., 2013, Oblique transfer of extensional strain between basins of the middle Rio Grande rift, New Mexico: Fault kinematic and paleostress constraints, in Hudson, M.R., and Grauch, V.J.S., editors, New Perspectives on the Rio Grande rift: From Tectonics to Groundwater: Geological Society of America Special Paper 494, p. 345-382, doi:10.1130/2013.2494(14)

Yager, D.B., Johnson, R.H., Rockwell, B., Caine, J.S., and Smith K.S., 2013, A GIS and statistical approach to identify variables that control water quality in hydrothermally altered and mineralized watersheds, Silverton, Colorado, USA: Environmental Earth Sciences, DOI 10.1007/s12665-013-2229-y

Bove, Dana J.; Caine, Jonathan S.; Lowers, Heather A., 2012. Geologic and mineralogic controls on acid and metal-rich rock drainage in an alpine watershed, Handcart Gulch, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5067, vi, 121 p.; col. ill.; maps (col.); Appendices; Downloads Directory [Link]

Caine, J.S., and Wilson, A.B., 2011, The hydrogeology of the San Juan Mountains, in, Blair, R., and Bracksieck, G., editors, The Eastern San Juan Mountains: University Press of Colorado, p. 79–98.

Caine, J.S., Johnson, R.H., and Wild, E.C., 2011, Review and interpretation of previous work and new data on the hydrogeology of the Schwartzwalder Uranium Mine and vicinity, Jefferson County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011–1092, 55 p. [Link]

Caine, J.S., Bruhn, R.L., and Forster, C.B., 2010, Internal Structure, Fault Rocks, and Inferences Regarding Deformation, Fluid Flow, and Mineralization in the Seismogenic Stillwater Normal Fault, Dixie Valley, Nevada: Journal of Structural Geology, v. 32, n. 11, p. 1576-1589.

Caine, J.S., Ridley, J., and Wessel, Z.R., 2010, To reactivate or not to reactivate—Nature and varied behavior of structural inheritance in the Proterozoic basement of the eastern Colorado Mineral Belt over 1.7 billion years of earth history, in Morgan, L.A., and Quane, S.L., editors, Through the Generations: Geologic and Anthropogenic Field Excursions in the Rocky Mountains from Modern to Ancient: Geological Society of America Field Guide 18, p. 119–140.

Caine, Jonathan Saul; Bove, Dana J., 2010. Rock Geochemistry and Mineralogy from Fault Zones and Polymetallic Fault Veins of the Central Front Range, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 492, Report: iv, 6 p.; Tables (XLS, PDF) [Link]

Minsley, Burke J.; Ball, Lyndsay B.; Burton, Bethany L.; Caine, Jonathan S.; Curry-Elrod, Erika; Manning, Andrew H., 2010. Geophysical Characterization of Subsurface Properties Relevant to the Hydrology of the Standard Mine in Elk Basin, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1284, vi, 41 p. [Link]

Caine, Jonathan S.; Manning, Andrew H.; Berger, Byron R.; Kremer, Yannick; Guzman, Mario A.; Eberl, Dennis D.; Schuller, Kathryn , 2010. Characterization of Geologic Structures and Host Rock Properties Relevant to the Hydrogeology of the Standard Mine in Elk Basin, Gunnison County, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1008, v, 55 p. [Link]

Verplanck, Philip L.; Manning, Andrew H.; Kimball, Briant A.; McCleskey, R. Blaine; Runkel, Robert L.; Caine, Jonathan Saul; Adams, Monique; Gemery-Hill, Pamela A.; Fey, David L., 2008. Ground- and Surface-Water Chemistry of Handcart Gulch, Park County, Colorado, 2003-2006. Geological Survey (U.S.) Open-File Report 2007-1020, vi, 31 p. [Link]

Sanford, W. E.; Caine, J. S.; Wilcox, D. A.; McWreath, H. C.; Nicholas, J. R., 2006. Research opportunities in interdisciplinary ground-water science in the U.S. Geological Survey. Circular 1293, vi, 21 p.[Link]

Caine, Jonathan Saul; Manning, Andrew H.; Verplanck, Philip L.; Bove, Dana J.; Kahn, Katherine Gurley; Ge, Shemin, 2006. Well construction information, lithologic logs, water level data, and overview of research in Handcart Gulch, Colorado: an alpine watershed affected by metalliferous hydrothermal alteration. Open-File Report 2006-1189, iv, 13 p. [Link]

Caine, Jonathan Saul, 2006. Questa Baseline and Premining Ground-Water Quality Investigation 18. Characterization of Brittle Structures in the Questa Caldera and Their Potential Influence on Bedrock Ground-Water Flow, Red River Valley, New Mexico. Professional Paper 1729, v, 37 p. [Link]

Ludington, Steve; Plumlee, Geoff; Caine, Jonathan; Bove, Dana; Holloway, JoAnn; Livo, Eric , 2005, Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 10. Geologic influences on ground and surface waters in the lower Red River watershed, New Mexico. Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5245, 46 p. [Link]

Bossong, Clifford R.; Caine, Jonathan Saul; Stannard, David I.; Flynn, Jennifer L.; Stevens, Michael R.; Heiny-Dash, Janet S., 2003. Hydrologic conditions and assessment of water resources in the Turkey Creek watershed, Jefferson County, Colorado, 1998-2001. Water-Resources Investigations Report 2003-4034, 140 p., 45 figs. [Link]

Caine, Jonathan Saul, 2003. Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation 6: preliminary brittle structural geologic data, Questa mining district, southern Sangre de Cristo Mountains, New Mexico. Open-File Report 2003-280, 24 p. [Link]

Caine, Jonathan Saul, 2001. Fracture network, fault zone, and geologic data collected from the Turkey Creek watershed, Colorado Rocky Mountain Front Range. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2001-416, 46 p. [Link]